John Arthur Casken (born 15 July 1949) is an English composer.
Casken was born in Barnsley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England. While at Barnsley Grammar School in the 1960s his music teacher played a recording of Berg's Violin Concerto, which had a lasting influence. He studied composition at the University of Birmingham with John Joubert and Peter Dickinson. He attended the Warsaw Academy of Music between 1971 and 1972, where he studied with Andrzej Dobrowolski but also met and became friends with Witold Lutosławski. He has lectured at the universities of Birmingham (from 1973) and Durham (from 1981), and between 1992 and 2008 he was Professor of Music at the University of Manchester. Casken's students include Michael Alcorn, David Jennings and James MacMillan.
Casken lives in Northumberland. He has acknowledged the landscape as a significant influence on his work. Works such as the orchestral Orion Over Farne (1984), the unaccompanied choral work To Fields We Do Not Know (1985), (described as "a Northumbrian elegy"), the orchestral song-cycle Still Mine (1992), the ensemble piece Winter Reels (2010) and the choral Uncertain Sea (2014) have all drawn inspiration from Northumberland. Casken has also composed two operas: Golem (1988) which has been revived frequently, and God's Liar (2000), the latter based on Tolstoy's novella Father Sergius. The Piano Trio of 2003 uses themes from the opera as its source material.
His Cello Concerto of 1991 was written for Heinrich Schiff. The Violin Concerto was premiered at the 1995 Proms with Dmitri Sitkovetsky as soloist and the Oboe Concerto Apollinaire’s Bird (written for Stéphane Rancourt) was premiered by the Hallé Orchestra in 2014. There is also the Symphony Broken Consort (2004), performed at the 2004 Proms, and a Concerto for Orchestra (2007). Casken has written much chamber music, including three string quartets, the first in 1982. He wrote Rest-ringing, unusually scored for string quartet and orchestra, for the Lindsay Quartet in 2005.
Recent work has shown a renewal of interest in musical theatre, with the melodrama Deadly Pleasures for narrator and small ensemble, based a poem by D M Thomas concerning the life of Cleopatra, and a monodrama, Kokoschka’s Doll, premiered at the Cheltenham Festival in 2017, about Alma Mahler's relationship with the painter Oskar Kokoschka. A CD of Kokoschka’s Doll was released in 2020.
- "The indefinables". The Guardian. 28 December 2004. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- "Schott Music". En.schott-music.com. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- Whittall, Arnold. 'Elegies and affirmations: John Casken at 60', in Musical Times No 1909, Winter 2009, p 39-51
- "Casken, John | NMC Recordings". Nmcrec.co.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- "John Casken: Stolen Airs". Propermusic.com. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- "Catalogue of Works". Johncasken.com. Retrieved 9 August 2020.
- "Champs Hill Records - Welcome|". Champshillrecords.co.uk. Retrieved 9 August 2020.