John Charles King
King was educated at the Royal Belfast Academical Institution and he sailed for Australia in 1838. In Sydney he was impressed with reports of the Port Phillip District and returned to Ireland, married Elizabeth Johnston, of Annandale, Scotland, and again sailed for Australia with his parents and family. King arrived aboard the Salsette in Melbourne in January 1841 where he became an auctioneer and commission agent in Elizabeth Street. Later he briefly served as government auctioneer.
King was Town Clerk of Melbourne from the establishment of the municipality in 1842 till 1861, when he was sent to England as the agent of the Victorian branch of the Anti-Transportation Association. He sailed on April 3, and rendered good service in thwarting Earl Grey's policy as regarded the despatch of convicts to Tasmania and Moreton Bay in 1862. On his return to Melbourne he entered the Victorian Legislative Assembly for Evelyn, and joined the William Nicholson Ministry in October 1859 as Vice-President of the Board of Land and Works and Commissioner of Public Works 27 October 1859 to 25 November 1859.
King died at sea on 26 January 1870 while returning from a health visit to Tasmania; his death was due to chronic bronchitis and a liver complaint. King was buried in the Presbyterian section of the Old Melbourne Cemetery in Queen Street, survived by his wife, two sons and three daughters.
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- Mennell, Philip (1892). " King, Hon. John Charles". The Dictionary of Australasian Biography. London: Hutchinson & Co. Wikisource