30 November 1770
Calbourne, Isle of Wight, England
|Died||6 December 1851
John Buckler, Snr (30 November 1770 – 6 December 1851) was a British artist and occasional architect who is best remembered for his many drawings of churches and other historic buildings, recording much that has since been altered or destroyed.
Buckler was born in Calbourne, Isle of Wight. At the age of 15 he became clerk to the steward of Magdalen College, Oxford and began a lifelong involvement in the management of the college's London estates. After several years working on plans for new buildings, around 1801 he became bailiff and collector of rents for Magdalen College in Freeman's Court, London, and in Southwark, and held this post until his retirement in 1849. The work for the college allowed him ample free time, and he also practised as an architect until 1830, designing buildings such as Halkyn Castle, Flint (1822–27) for Robert Grosvenor, 2nd Earl Grosvenor (later created Marquess of Westminster) the tower of the church in Theale, Berkshire (1827–28). Glastonbury Priory, also called Abbey House, Somerset (1829–30) for J.F. Reeves, and Poll Park, Denbighshire (c. 1828), for William Bagot, 2nd Baron Bagot, "an early essay in the half-timbered style", according to Howard Colvin, who suggested that Buckler had a hand in the Gothic remodelling of Blithfield Hall, Staffordshire, for Lord Bagot, 1822–23.
Buckler's interest in art developed over time, and his first published works were two aquatints of Magdalen College in 1797. He followed these in 1799 with an engraving of Lincoln Cathedral; the first in a series which included all the cathedrals in England by 1814, as well as many of the collegiate and parish churches. Shortly after 1800 he was commissioned by Richard Colt Hoare of Stourhead to produce ten volumes of drawings of churches and other historic buildings in Wiltshire, and Buckler's grandson described this commission as "deciding his brains for antiquarian pursuits". It was followed by similar commissions from other antiquarians, such as William Salt of Staffordshire, and by the end of his life, by his own account, Buckler had produced around 13,000 drawings of buildings. Many of the buildings Buckler drew had not been previously recorded, and many have since been demolished or substantially altered, so his work is now a valuable source of information on British architectural history. His work was exhibited at the Royal Academy every year from 1798 until 1849, and he became a Fellow of the Society of Antiquaries of London in 1810.
John Buckler died in Newington, London, in 1851, two years after his retirement. Forty-two volumes of his sketches are now held by the British Library; other places holding collections of his work include the Wiltshire Museum at Devizes, Taunton Museum, the William Salt Library in Stafford and the Bodleian Library in Oxford.
His eldest son, John Chessell Buckler (1793–1894), also an architect and artist, wrote several illustrated books on the history of British architecture, and his youngest son, George Buckler (1811–1886), practised as an architect as well. The Buckler family of architects and topographical artists are currently the subject of a research project (2013–16) hosted by the Institute for the History and Theory of Architecture at ETH Zurich.
- Colvin, 1997
- Tyack, 2004
- "About the collection". Staffordshire Views Collection. Archived from the original on 5 July 2008. Retrieved 26 July 2008.
- The Annual Register, Or, A View of the History and Politics of the Year 1851 (1852), London:George Woodfall & Son, p.361.
- Mixed with those of his son, J.C. Buckler, whose "pencil drawings of ancient buildings are almost indistinguishable in technique from those of his father" (Colvin).
- Add. Mss. 36356-97
- SAHGB (Society of Architectural Historians of Great Britain), Newsletter, No. 111 Winter/ Spring 2014, p. 81
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- Colvin, H.M. (1995). A Biographical Dictionary of British Architects, 1600-1840. New Haven: Yale University Press. pp. not cited. ISBN 0-300-07207-4.
- Tyack, Geoffrey. "Buckler, John (1770–1851)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/3863. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)