John Cheyne (physician)

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John Cheyne
John Cheyne by W Deey.jpg
John Cheyne
Engraving by John Cochran after a portrait by W. Deey
Born February 3, 1777
Leith, Scotland
Died January 31, 1836
Buckinghamshire, England
Residence British
Fields medicine
Alma mater Edinburgh University
Known for Cheyne–Stokes respiration

John Cheyne (February 3, 1777 – January 31, 1836) was a British physician, surgeon and author of monographs on a number of medical topics. He was one of the people to identify Cheyne–Stokes respiration.


The son of a surgeon, he had grown up around medical practice and was able to enter Edinburgh University at the age of 15, graduating as a doctor at 18 years of age. He joined the army and worked as a surgeon with an artillery corps. He was present at the Battle of Vinegar Hill. Cheyne rejoined his father's practice four years later in 1799.

Ten years later, Cheyne moved to Dublin and in 1811 began working at the Meath Hospital. He also taught war medicine and was appointed Physician General to British forces in Ireland in 1820. He retired to England in 1831 following a course of ill health and died at his country estate a few years later.


Cheyne wrote a number of books, including Essays of Diseases of Children in 1801. He was also the author of an early treastise on the larynx in 1809, Pathology of the Membrane of the Larynx and Bronchia.

With Francis Barker, he published a two-volume work on fever epidemics in Ireland, in 1821.[1]



  1. ^ Geary, Laurence M. "Barker, Francis". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/1394.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

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