John Clarke Hawkshaw

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John Clarke Hawkshaw
John Clarke Hawkshaw (W H Gibbs 1888).jpg
J. Clarke Hawkshaw. Steel engraving by W. H. Gibbs from a photograph by Witcomb
Died12 February 1921
Engineering career
InstitutionsInstitution of Civil Engineers (president)

John Clarke Hawkshaw (1841 – 12 February 1921) was a British civil engineer.[1][2]


Hawkshaw was born in Manchester, England in 1841 and was the son of civil engineer Sir John Hawkshaw and Lady Ann Hawkshaw.[3][4] He attended Westminster School and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he was president of the University Boat Club and rowed in the annual Boat Race against Oxford University in 1863 and 1864.[5] On 9 December 1862 John Clarke Hawkshaw was commissioned as an ensign in the Third Cambridgeshire Rifle Volunteer Corps a Volunteer Force unit stationed at Cambridge University.[6][7] He resigned his commission as ensign in the unit on 1 December 1863.[8] Hawkshaw graduated with a Master of Arts degree and lived at Liphook in Hampshire.[9] By 1876 Hawkshaw was a partner in his father's civil engineering firm.[10]

In March 1876 Hawkshaw was elected a member of the Smeatonian Society of Civil Engineers, an institution that he would become president of in 1889.[10][11] He served as the 39th president of the Institution of Civil Engineers from November 1902 to November 1903.[12] In holding that office he followed in the footsteps of his father who had been the 11th president from December 1861 to December 1863.[13] The largest civil engineering project undertaken by the firm which was initiated by John Clarke Hawkshaw was the Puerto Madero docks in Buenos Aires, Argentina (1887–98).

On 4 October 1884 Hawkshaw was appointed Lieutenant-Colonel in Command of the Engineer and Railway Staff Corps, an unpaid Royal Engineers volunteer unit which provides technical expertise to the British Army.[14] He was granted the honorary rank of Colonel on 25 October 1902,[15] and on 6 February 1903 received the Volunteer Officers' Decoration (VD), a reward for more than 20 years of volunteer military service.[16] He continued as Lieutenant-Colonel in Command when the regiment became part of the Territorial Force on 1 April 1908.[17] Hawkshaw also served as a Justice of the Peace.[9]

In 1903 he was appointed a member of the Royal Commission to decide the British submission to the Louisiana Purchase Exposition of 1904.[18]

Hawkshaw was married to Cecily Mary Wedgwood the daughter of Francis Wedgwood of the famous pottery firm.[2] He died on 12 February 1921, Cecily had died in 1917.[1][2]


  1. ^ a b Nature (3 March 1921), Obituary, retrieved 6 January 2008
  2. ^ a b c British Museum (Natural History) (1969), Bulletin 1959-1963, retrieved 6 January 2008
  3. ^ Masterton, Gordon (2005), ICE Presidential Address (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 24 February 2009, retrieved 3 December 2008
  4. ^ Darwin Correspondence Project, Ann Hawkshaw, 1813–85, archived from the original on 22 August 2007, retrieved 6 January 2009
  5. ^ "Hawkshaw, John Clarke (HWKW860JC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  6. ^ "No. 22689". The London Gazette. 12 December 1862. p. 6315.
  7. ^ RootsWeb, The Cambridgeshire Regiment, retrieved 6 January 2009
  8. ^ "No. 22793". The London Gazette. 1 December 1863. p. 6311.
  9. ^ a b The Peerage (24 December 2006), John Clarke Hawkshaw, retrieved 6 January 2009
  10. ^ a b Watson 1989, p. 79.
  11. ^ Watson 1989, p. 166.
  12. ^ Watson 1988, p. 252.
  13. ^ Watson 1988, p. 251.
  14. ^ "No. 25401". The London Gazette. 3 October 1884. p. 4334.
  15. ^ "No. 27487". The London Gazette. 24 October 1902. p. 6744.
  16. ^ "No. 27522". The London Gazette. 6 February 1903. p. 753.
  17. ^ "No. 28207". The London Gazette. 22 December 1908. p. 9758.
  18. ^ "No. 27546". The London Gazette. 24 April 1903. p. 2614.


Professional and academic associations
Preceded by
Charles Hawksley
President of the Institution of Civil Engineers
November 1902 – November 1903
Succeeded by
William Henry White