John Clifford, 7th Baron Clifford
|Baron de Clifford|
|Tenure||18 August 1391 – 13 March 1422|
|Predecessor||Thomas Clifford, 6th Baron Clifford|
|Successor||Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford|
|Other titles||7th Lord of Skipton|
Appleby Castle, Westmorland, England.
|Died||13 March 1422 (Killed at the Siege of Meaux)|
Meaux, Seine-et-Marne, France.
|Issue||Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford|
Mary Clifford, Lady Wentworth
Blanche Clifford, Lady Waterton
|Parents||Thomas Clifford, 6th Baron Clifford|
Elizabeth de Roos
John Clifford, 7th Baron de Clifford (c. 1389 – 13 March 1422), also known as John, Lord Clifford, 7th Lord of the Honor of Skipton, KG, was an English peer. He was killed at the siege of Meaux, France.
John Clifford, born about 1389, was the only son of Thomas Clifford, 6th Baron Clifford (d. 18 August 1391), and Elizabeth de Roos (d. March 1424), daughter of Thomas de Roos, 4th Baron Roos of Helmsley and Lady Beatrix Stafford, daughter of Ralph de Stafford, 1st Earl of Stafford. He had a sister, Maud Clifford, who married firstly, John Neville, 6th Baron Latimer, and secondly, Richard of Conisburgh, 3rd Earl of Cambridge.
At his father's death on 18 August 1391, Clifford, then aged about three, inherited the title and the position of hereditary High Sheriff of Westmorland. He was summoned to Parliament from 21 September 1411 to 26 February 1421.
He took part in a great tournament at Carlisle between six English and six Scottish knights, and in the war in France. He was at the Siege of Harfleur and at the Battle of Agincourt, where he was indented to serve Henry V with 3 archers. He accepted the surrender of Cherbourg. He was made a Knight of the Garter on 3 May 1421. He was a legatee in the will of his cousin, Henry V.
He was slain at the Siege of Meaux on 13 March 1422, and is said to have been buried at Bolton Priory. His widow, who died 26 October 1436, is buried at Staindrop, Durham.
Marriage and issue
John Clifford married, in about 1404, Elizabeth Percy, the daughter of Sir Henry "Hotspur" Percy and Lady Elizabeth Mortimer, daughter of Edmund Mortimer, 3rd Earl of March and Philippa of Clarence, daughter of Lionel of Antwerp (son of King Edward III of England). By his wife Elizabeth, he had two sons and two daughters:
- Thomas Clifford, 8th Baron de Clifford, who married Joan Dacre, daughter of Thomas Dacre, 6th Baron Dacre and Lady Phillipa de Neville, daughter of Ralph Neville, 1st Earl of Westmorland.
- Henry Clifford
- Lady Mary Clifford, who married Sir Philip Wentworth of Nettlestead, Suffolk (c. 1424 – 18 May 1464), beheaded at Middleham, Yorkshire, after the Battle of Hexham, by whom she had a son and two daughters. Lady Mary Clifford's granddaughter, Margery Wentworth, married Sir John Seymour of Wolf Hall.
- Lady Blanche (or Beatrix) Clifford, who married Sir Robert Waterton (d. 10 December 1475), son of the Lancastrian retainer, Robert Waterton (d. 17 January 1425). There were no issue of the marriage.
After Clifford's death, his widow Elizabeth married secondly, in 1426, Ralph Neville, 2nd Earl of Westmorland, by whom she had a son, Sir John Neville, who married Lady Anne Holland, daughter of John Holland, 2nd Duke of Exeter.
- ^ A Description of Bolton Abbey, and Its Adjoining Scenery. J. Tasker, bookseller. 1840. p. 29. Retrieved 1 December 2017.
John Lord Clifford, 7th Lord of the Honor of Skipton
- ^ Richardson I 2011, pp. 506–7.
- ^ a b c d e f Richardson I 2011, p. 507.
- ^ a b c d e f g Cokayne 1913, p. 293.
- ^ Joseph Hunter (1850). Agincourt: a contribution towards an authentic list of the commanders of the English host in King Henry the Fifth's expedition to France, in the third year of his reign. Cowen Tracts: Newcastle University. Stable URL: https://www.jstor.org/stable/60201871
- ^ a b c Richardson I 2011, pp. 507–8.
- ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 341.
- ^ Summerson 2004.
- ^ Cokayne states that Thomas was the only son of John Clifford, 7th Baron Clifford.
- ^ Richardson III 2011, p. 236.
- ^ Browning, Charles Henry (1900). Some "Colonial Dames" of Royal Descent: Pedigrees Showing the Lineal Descent from Kings of Some Members of the National Society of Colonial Dames of America, and of the Order of the Crown. p. 351.
- ^ Whitehead 2004.
- ^ Ellis & Tomlinson 1882, p. 421.
- ^ Richardson III 2011, pp. 250–1.
- ^ Pollard 2004.
- Cokayne, George Edward (1913). The Complete Peerage, edited by H.A. Doubleday. Vol. III. London: St. Catherine Press. p. 293.
- Ellis, Alfred Shelley; Tomlinson, George William, eds. (1882). "Dodsworth's Yorkshire Notes: Wapentake of Agbrigg". The Yorkshire Archaeological and Topographical Journal. London: Bradbury, Agnew and Co. VII: 401–428. Retrieved 13 October 2013.
- Pollard, A.J. (2004). "Neville, Ralph, second earl of Westmorland (b. in or before 1407, d. 1484)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/19952. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Vol. I (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966379.
- Richardson, Douglas (2011). Everingham, Kimball G. (ed.). Magna Carta Ancestry: A Study in Colonial and Medieval Families. Vol. III (2nd ed.). Salt Lake City. ISBN 978-1449966393.
- Summerson, Henry (2004). "Clifford, Thomas, eighth Baron Clifford (1414–1455)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/5663. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Walker, Simon (2004). "Percy, Sir Henry (1364–1403)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/21931. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Whitehead, J.R. (2004). "Waterton, Robert (d.1425)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/54421. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
- Blore, Thomas (1811). The History and Antiquities of the County of Rutland. Stanford: R. Newcomb.