John Clifford Wallace

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John Wallace
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
Assumed office
April 8, 1996
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
In office
January 31, 1991 – April 8, 1996
Preceded by Alfred Goodwin
Succeeded by Procter Ralph Hug Jr.
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
In office
June 28, 1972 – April 8, 1996
Appointed by Richard Nixon
Preceded by James Marshall Carter
Succeeded by Kim McLane Wardlaw
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California
In office
October 16, 1970 – July 14, 1972
Appointed by Richard Nixon
Preceded by Seat established by 84 Stat. 294
Succeeded by William Benner Enright
Personal details
Born John Clifford Wallace
(1928-12-11) December 11, 1928 (age 89)
San Diego, California
Education San Diego State University (B.A.)
UC Berkeley School of Law (LL.B.)

John Clifford Wallace (born December 11, 1928) is a Senior United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California.

Education and career[edit]

Born in San Diego, California,[1] Wallace received a Bachelor of Arts degree from San Diego State University in 1952, and a Bachelor of Laws from UC Berkeley School of Law in 1955. He served in the United States Navy as a Second Class Petty Officer from 1946 to 1949. He was in private practice in San Diego from 1955 to 1970, at the law firm of Gray Carey Ames & Frye.[2]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Wallace was nominated by President Richard Nixon on October 7, 1970, to the United States District Court for the Southern District of California, to a new seat authorized by 84 Stat. 294. He was confirmed by the United States Senate on October 13, 1970, and received his commission on October 16, 1970. His service terminated on July 14, 1972, due to his elevation to the Ninth circuit.[2]

Wallace was nominated by President Nixon on May 22, 1972, to a seat on the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit vacated by Judge James Marshall Carter. He was confirmed by the Senate on June 28, 1972, and received his commission on June 28, 1972. He served as Chief Judge from 1991 to 1996. He assumed senior status on April 8, 1996. As a senior judge, Wallace has a reduced caseload, but he continues to hear cases in the Ninth Circuit, and he sits by designation from time to time as a visiting judge on other federal appellate courts.[2]

Rule of law initiative[edit]

Throughout his career as an appellate judge, Wallace has been deeply interested in developing strong judicial systems around the world.[citation needed] Wallace's support for the "rule of law" movement, which seeks to impart the concepts and ideals of an independent judiciary and impartial judicial system, dates to 1972, when he began using personal vacation time to visit judiciaries overseas.[citation needed]

After taking senior status, he began to spend about half his time on the effort.[citation needed] In all, he has worked directly with judiciaries in more than 50 countries and on every continent.[citation needed] Wallace also serves on the Asia Council of the American Bar Association Rule of Law Initiative.[citation needed]

Honor[edit]

The American Judicature Society honored Wallace with its 24th Annual Edward J. Devitt Distinguished Service to Justice Award.[citation needed] The award is one recognizing "significant contributions to the administration of justice, the advancement of the rule of law, and the improvement of society as a whole", and was formally presented to Wallace by U.S. Supreme Court Associate Justice Anthony Kennedy in ceremonies at San Diego's Spreckles Theater on October 19, 2006.[citation needed]

Other service[edit]

Wallace has been active in The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), serving in local and regional governing posts.[citation needed] Wallace also has long supported the Boy Scouts of America, serving on the local chapter's board of directors and executive committee from 1977 to 1993.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Judicial Conference of the United States. Bicentennial Committee (1978). Judges of the United States. The Committee : for sale by the Supt. of Docs., U.S. Govt. Print. Off. Retrieved 2015-07-19. 
  2. ^ a b c John Clifford Wallace at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.

Sources[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 82 Stat. 294
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of California
1970–1972
Succeeded by
William Benner Enright
Preceded by
James Marshall Carter
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
1972–1996
Succeeded by
Kim McLane Wardlaw
Preceded by
Alfred Goodwin
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit
1991–1996
Succeeded by
Procter Ralph Hug Jr.