John Clopton

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For other people named John Clopton, see John Clopton (disambiguation).
John Clopton
Member of the Virginia House of Delegates
In office
1789–1791
Member of the Virginia Privy Council
In office
1799–1801
Personal details
Born February 7, 1756
Died September 11, 1816
Political party Democratic-Republican

John Clopton (February 7, 1756 – September 11, 1816) was a United States Representative from Virginia.

Biography[edit]

John Clopton was born in St. Peter's Parish, near Tunstall, New Kent County, Virginia on 7 February 1756. His father was William Clopton (1721–1796) and his mother was Elizabeth Dorrell Ford (1727–1785). He graduated from the College of Philadelphia (now the University of Pennsylvania) in 1776. He studied law, was admitted to the bar and practiced. He served as first lieutenant and as captain in the Virginia militia during the American Revolutionary War, and was wounded at the Battle of Brandywine.

He married Sarah Bacon on May 15, 1784, daughter of Edmund Bacon and Elizabeth Edloe. They had several children: Izard (1785–?), Maria L. Adelaide (1788–?), John Bacon (1789–1860), William Edmund (1791–1848), and Sarah Elizabeth (1804–1843).

Clopton was a member of the Virginia House of Delegates from 1789 to 1791, and was elected as a Democratic-Republican to the Fourth and Fifth Congresses, serving from March 4, 1795 to March 3, 1799. He was a member of the Virginia Privy Council from 1799 to 1801, and was elected to the Seventh and to the seven succeeding Congresses; during the Tenth Congress he was chairman of the Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business.

Clopton was a leading proponent of strict constructionist views in the House, standing as one of the few representatives who opposed the Second Bank of the United States on constitutional grounds. He served from March 4, 1801 until his death near Tunstall on September 11, 1816; interment was in the family burying ground on his plantation. Future President John Tyler was elected to fill the vacancy caused by Clopton's death.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Samuel Griffin
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 10th congressional district

1795–1799
Succeeded by
John Marshall
Preceded by
Littleton W. Tazewell
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 10th congressional district

1801–1803
Succeeded by
John J. Trigg
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 22nd congressional district

1803–1813
Succeeded by
Hugh Nelson
Preceded by
District created
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Virginia's 23rd congressional district

1813–1816
Succeeded by
John Tyler