John Cooper Clarke
John Cooper Clarke
In Cardiff, March 1979
John Cooper Clarke (born 25 January 1949) is an English performance poet who first became famous during the punk rock era of the late 1970s when he became known as a "punk poet". He released several albums in the late 1970s and early 1980s, and continues to perform regularly.
Clarke was born in Salford, Lancashire, in 1949. He lived in the Higher Broughton area of the city and became interested in poetry after being inspired by his English teacher, John Malone, whom he described as "a real outdoor guy, an Ernest Hemingway type, red blooded, literary bloke". During an April 2018 episode of Steve Jones' radio show "Jonesy's Jukebox", Clarke revealed one of his early inspirations to be the poet Sir Henry Newbolt, reciting from memory a portion of Newbolt's poem "Vitaï Lampada". Recollecting his childhood, Clarke said:
I used to think trees were dirty, because when I was a kid in Salford you'd climb them and come off filthy, it was like you'd been up a chimney... and even if you got a stretch of park you just had to scrape the grass and there were, like, cinders underneath... it was horrible...
His first job was a laboratory technician at Salford Tech. He began his performance career in Manchester folk clubs, where he began working with Rick Goldstraw and his band the Ferrets. His first releases were on Tosh Ryan and Martin Hannett's independent label Rabid, starting with the EP Innocents in October 1977. Rabid also released his debut LP Où est la maison de fromage'? (catalogue number NOZE 1), which was a collection of live recordings, demos and rehearsals. This was reissued by Revolver Records in 1989 (RRLP 10) also making it his last album to date. He toured with Bill Nelson's band Be-Bop Deluxe in 1978 and was signed by Epic Records, who issued the studio album Disguise In Love, produced by Hannett, in 1978.
Clarke has attributed his early success in part to the influence of the English poet Pam Ayres. Her run of success on the British TV show Opportunity Knocks led both Clarke and his mother to believe that he could make a living at poetry.
In 1979 he had his only UK top 40 hit with "Gimmix! (Play Loud)". Clarke toured with Linton Kwesi Johnson, and has performed on the same bill as bands such as the Sex Pistols, the Fall, Joy Division, the Buzzcocks, Siouxsie and the Banshees, Elvis Costello, Rockpile and New Order (including at their May 1984 Music for Miners benefit concert at London's Royal Festival Hall). His set is characterised by lively, rapid-fire renditions of his poems, usually performed a cappella. Often referred to as "the bard of Salford", he usually refers to himself on stage as "Johnny Clarke, the name behind the hairstyle".
Clarke appeared in a 1982 music documentary compilation Urgh! A Music War, in which he performed his poem "Health Fanatic". The film featured live performances of mainstream artists (the Police, the Go-Go's, XTC, Devo) as well as more obscure bands (Pere Ubu, Invisible Girls, the Alley Cats, Athletico Spizz '80, Chelsea) using concert footage from around the world. He also starred in another 1982 film titled John Cooper Clarke - Ten Years in an Open Necked Shirt directed by Nick May and produced for the Arts Council of Great Britain and Channel 4. Somewhere between a narrative film, a series of music videos and a documentary, the film features interviews and performances by Clarke and Linton Kwesi Johnson among others.
Clarke released Zip Style Method in 1982, but thereafter performed his live act less frequently, spending much of the 1980s mired in heroin addiction, living in a "domestic partnership" with singer and fellow addict Nico. He described this period of his life: "It was a feral existence. I was on drugs. It was hand to mouth." In 1987 he performed live (on crutches owing to a broken ankle) at the Albany Empire in London with Suns of Arqa, recorded two tracks ("Libera Me" and "The Truth Lies Therein") for their album Seven, and featured in the music video for the latter. In 1988 he made an appearance in two UK adverts for Sugar Puffs, taking second billing to the Honey Monster. He returned to live performance in the 1990s, appearing again with Suns of Arqa in 1992 at The Witchwood in Ashton-under-Lyne. His vocals from both of his Suns of Arqa tracks have been used on numerous remixes by the band ever since.
After 20 years of performing the same material, Clarke re-established contact with guitarist Rick Goldstraw, who had founded Blue Orchids and played with The Fall and Nico. Goldshaw began handling Clarke's affairs and the two toured with the Mescaleros and several times supporting the Fall. He also duetted with Reverend Jon McClure at a Reverend and the Makers concert at London's Spread Eagle, performing the poem "Last Resort", which would later be released as the B-side for the band's single "Heavyweight Champion of the World". Clarke also recorded a song with the band entitled "Dead Man's Shoes". Clarke's recording of "Evidently Chickentown" from his album Snap, Crackle & Bop was also featured prominently in the closing scene of The Sopranos episode Stage 5. A live performance of the same poem appears in the film Control with Clarke portraying himself in a re-creation of a 1977 concert in which he supported Joy Division, despite being 30 years older than the events depicted in the film. "Evidently Chickentown" (recited by Christopher Eccleston) is featured in the made-for-television film Strumpet.
Clarke's poem "Out of Control Fairground" was printed inside the Arctic Monkeys' 2007 single "Fluorescent Adolescent" CD. The poem is also the inspiration behind the single's video in which clowns brawl. Alex Turner of the Arctic Monkeys has said he is very fond of Clarke's work and takes inspiration for lyrics from his poems.
Clarke was the subject of a BBC Four documentary, Evidently... John Cooper Clarke, in May 2012, screened as part of the BBC's Punk Britannia season. That same year, Clarke featured in rapper Plan B's feature film Ill Manors and subsequently the Ill Manors album.
In July 2013, Clarke was awarded an honorary doctorate of arts in "acknowledgement of a career which has spanned five decades, bringing poetry to non-traditional audiences and influencing musicians and comedians" by the University of Salford. Upon receipt, Clarke commented: "Now I'm a doctor, finally my dream of opening a cosmetic surgery business can become a reality." His poem "I Wanna Be Yours" was adapted by Arctic Monkeys and frontman Alex Turner for the band's fifth album, AM, released on 9 September 2013.
In July 2019 Clarke was the guest for BBC Radio 4's Desert Island Discs. A fan of the show for 60 years, he described it as having "all the finality of a suicide note, without the actual obligation of topping yourself". His book choice was Against Nature by Joris-Karl Huysmans, his luxury item was a boulder of opium twice the size of his head and his favourite track was "How Great Thou Art" by Elvis Presley.
- Où est la maison de fromage? (1978), Rabid
- Disguise in Love (1978), Epic
- Walking Back to Happiness (1979), Epic (Live album)
- Snap, Crackle & Bop (1980), Epic - UK No. 26
- Zip Style Method (1982), Epic - UK No. 97
- This Time It's Personal with Hugh Cornwell (2016), Sony - UK No. 34
- Me and My Big Mouth (1981), Epic
- Word of Mouth: The Very Best of John Cooper Clarke (2002), Sony
- Anthologia (2015), Sony
- Innocents EP (1977), Rabid
- "Post-War Glamour Girl" (1978), CBS 
- "Gimmix! (Play Loud)" (1978), Epic - UK No. 39
- "Splat"/"Twat" (1979), Epic
- "The It Man" (1980), Epic
- "The Day My Pad Went Mad" (1982), Epic
- "Night People" (1982), Epic
- "Pity the Plight" (2012 Ill manors album - Plan B)
- Ten Years in an Open-Necked Shirt (1981) Channel 4/British Arts Council (re-released 2015)
- Evidently, John Cooper Clarke (2012), Click Films/BBC
- South of the Border - Live (2013), Click Films/Safecracker Pictures
- Ten Years In An Open-Necked Video: the (Early) Archive Performances (2016), Ozit
- Short Circuit - Live At The Electric Circus (1978), Virgin (various artists, features Clarke performing "(You Never See a Nipple In The) Daily Express" and "I Married a Monster From Outer Space"
- Urgh! A Music War (1981), Warners - "Health Fanatic"
- The Old Grey Whistle Test Volume 3 (2004), 2 Entertain - "I Don't Want to Be Nice"
- Poets, Punks, Beatniks and Counter Culture Heroes (2010), Ozit - includes rare JCC film footage from the 1980s
- Ten Years in an Open Necked Shirt (2012), Arena
- The Luckiest Guy Alive (2018), Picador
- "Evidently... John Cooper Clarke". BBC Four. Retrieved 5 June 2012.
- Strong, Martin C. (2003). The Great Indie Discography. Canongate. pp. 33–34. ISBN 1-84195-335-0.
- Tim Adams (6 April 2014). "John Cooper Clarke interview: 'Poetry is not something you have to retire from'". The Guardian. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
- "John Cooper Clarke On Life In Higher Broughton". Salford Star. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "It's Legend Time". Salford Star. Retrieved 8 October 2015.
- "The Bard of Salford". BBC Radio 4. 8 May 2008. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Rabid Records". Retrieved 3 June 2016.
- Adams, Tim (5 April 2014). "John Cooper Clarke interview: 'Poetry is not something you have to retire from'". the Guardian. Retrieved 4 July 2016.
- Bell, Nigel (August 2002). "The Very Best of John Cooper Clarke". BBC. Retrieved 23 February 2008.
- "Urgh! A Music War". IMDB. Retrieved 23 February 2008.
- on YouTube. Retrieved on 2 March 2009.
- "John Cooper Clarke". Comedy CV.co.uk. Retrieved 23 February 2008.
- "A bit of lip". The Age. 28 January 2007. Retrieved 4 May 2009.
- Hattenstone, Simon (29 May 2012). "John Cooper Clarke: 'It's diabolical how poor I am'". The Guardian. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "Arctics go for poetry". Ananova. Archived from the original on 30 June 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
- "Lyrical Genius". Daily Record. Archived from the original on 2 July 2007. Retrieved 20 August 2007.
Alex Turner also has "John Cooper Clarke" tattooed on his arm
- "Plan B's Ill Manors set to hijack charts in Olympics opening week". www.officialcharts.com. Retrieved 16 April 2019.
- "John Cooper Clarke honoured by University of Salford". BBC News. 19 July 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "AM". Arctic Monkeys. 24 June 2013. Archived from the original on 28 June 2013. Retrieved 9 October 2015.
- "The Secret Life of Books (Series 2)". The Open University. Retrieved 7 April 2020.
- "Pointless Celebrities – Next on – BBC One". BBC. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
- Duerden, Nick (23 September 2012). "John Cooper Clarke: The punk poet whose time has come again". The Independent. Retrieved 24 June 2013.
- "John Cooper Clarke - Post-War Glamour Girl / Kung Fu International - CBS - UK - S CBS 6541". 45cat. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
- [dead link]
- "Various - Short Circuit - Live At The Electric Circus (Vinyl) at Discogs". Discogs.com. Retrieved 23 May 2014.
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