John Cournos, born Ivan Grigorievich Korshun (Иван Григорьевич Коршун; he himself used the form Johann Gregorevich for his original name) (6 March 1881 – 27 August 1966), was a writer and translator of Russian-Jewish background who spent his later life in exile.
Cournos was born in Zhitomir, Russian Empire, and his first language was Yiddish; he studied Russian, German and Hebrew, with a tutor at home. His family emigrated to Philadelphia when he was ten years old, and his first language became English.
In June 1912, he moved to London, where he freelanced as an interviewer and critic for both UK and US publications and began his literary career as a poet and, later, novelist. He later emigrated to the US, where he spent the rest of his life.
He was one of the Imagist poets, but is better known for his novels, short stories, essays and criticism, and as a translator of Russian literature. He used the pseudonym John Courtney. He also wrote for The Philadelphia Record under the pseudonym "Gorky."
Later in life he married Helen Kestner (1893–1960), who was also an author, under the pseudonyms Sybil Norton and John Hawk. However, he is probably best known for his unhappy affair with Dorothy L. Sayers, fictionalised by Sayers in the detective book Strong Poison (1930) and by Cournos himself in The Devil Is an English Gentleman (1932).
In the aftermath of the October Revolution Cournos was involved with a London-based anti-Communist organisation, the Russian Liberation Committee. On its behalf, he wrote in 1919 a propaganda pamphlet, London under the Bolsheviks: A Londoner's Dream on Returning from Petrograd, based largely on what he saw during his 1917–1918 visit to Aleksey Remizov in Petrograd, whose Chasy he was then translating as The Clock. It closely follows the early events of the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia, and it was set in Britain to better enable the British audience to imagine what it was like. Sinclair Lewis used the same device to imagine a Fascist takeover in the United States in his 1935 work It Can't Happen Here.
In Cournos' lurid but humorous future history, a British revolutionary regime introduces a new currency named "The MacDonald" for Ramsay MacDonald;, who is, however, soon shoved aside by the Bolshevik leaders MacLenin and Trotsman (sic). A counter-revolutionary drive by General Haig is defeated at St Albans, and the Bolsheviks start rounding up their former allies. Lloyd George is imprisoned in the Tower of London. H.G. Wells, too, is imprisoned by the Bolsheviks, despite his left-leaning book Love and Mr Lewisham. London is portrayed as plagued by poverty, with black market cigarettes and broken lifts, and the narrator wanders round the Strand exclaiming at the filth of the streets, the idlers and the jealous envy towards his new boots.
Cournos died in New York City.
- Gordon Craig and the theatre of the future (1914)
- The Mask (1919)
- London Under the Bolsheviks (1919)
- The Wall (1921?)
- Babel (1922)
- The Best British Short Stories of 1922 (as Editor, 1922?)
- In Exile (1923)
- The New Candide (1924)
- Sport of gods (1925)
- Miranda Masters (1926)
- O'Flaherty the Great (1928)
- A modern Plutarch (1928)
- Short stories out of Soviet Russia (1929)
- Grandmother Martin Is Murdered (1930)
- Wandering Women/The samovar (1930)
- The Devil Is an English Gentleman (1932)
- Autobiography (1935)
- An epistle to the Hebrews (1938)
- An open letter to Jews and Christians (1938)
- Hear, O Israel (1938)
- Book of Prophecy From Egyptians to Hitler (1938)
- A Boy Named John (1941)
- A treasury of Russian life and humor (1943)
- Famous modern American novelists (1952)
- Pilgrimage to freedom (1953; written jointly with Sybil Norton, illustrated by Rus Anderson)
- American Short Stories of the Nineteenth Century (1955: Everyman's Library)
- A treasury of classic Russian literature (1961)
- With hey, ho... and The man with the spats (1963)
- The Created Legend – translation of a book by Fyodor Sologub [pseud.] (unknown date of publication)
- Marilyn Schwinn Smith, "Aleksei Remizov's English-language Translators: New Material," in Anthony Cross (ed.), A People Passing Rude: British Responses to Russian Culture (Open Book Publishers, 2012; ISBN 190925410X), p. 190.
- Smith, "Aleksei Remizov's English-language Translators," p. 190.
- Smith, "Aleksei Remizov's English-language Translators," pp. 191–92.
- Works by John Cournos at Project Gutenberg
- Works by or about John Cournos at Internet Archive
- Works by John Cournos at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)
- List of books on the Open Library
- Dictionary of Literary Biography on John Cournos
- John Cournos' online introduction to "Taras Bulba and Other Tales" by Nikolai Vasilievich Gogol
- An account by Alfred Satterwaite, John Cournos' stepson