John Crerar Library
|Scope||current science, technology, and medicine|
|Location||Hyde Park, Chicago|
|Branch of||University of Chicago Library|
|Access and use|
|Access requirements||open to members of the public with specific research needs related to the sciences and medicine |
|Population served||academic, business and government|
|Director||Barbara Kern & Andrea Twiss-Brooks|
The John Crerar Library /kɹəˈɹɑɹ/ is a research library, which after a long history of independent operations, is now operated by the University of Chicago. Throughout its history, the library's technology resources have made it popular with Chicago-area business and industry. Though privately owned and operated, the Library continues to provide free access to the public for the purpose of conducting research in science, medicine and technology.
John Crerar died in 1889. His will gave approximately $2.6 million of his estate to Chicago as an endowment for a free public library, selected "to create and sustain a healthy moral and Christian sentiment, and that all nastiness and immorality be excluded." To comply with Crerar's wishes without duplicating existing area libraries, the directors decided to limit the collections to the sciences, including the history of science. In 1906, the directors expanded the library's mission to include medicine. Since 1951, the collection has focused on current science, technology, and medicine.
In 1891, Crerar's friends lobbied the Illinois state legislature to enact a law to protect privately funded libraries, entitled, "An Act to Encourage and Promote the Establishment of Free Public Libraries in Cities, Villages and Towns of this State." On October 12, 1894, the library was incorporated under that law. However, Crerar's relatives contested his will and then appealed issue to the Illinois Supreme Court. On June 19, 1893, the will was sustained.
The Crerar Library opened in the Marshall Field building, moving in 1921 to its own building at the northwest corner of Randolph Street and Michigan Avenue. The Board of Directors of the library established a building fund with the 1889 endowment and set out to gain approval for a Grant Park location. In 1902, the Chicago City Council approved the plan, but public criticism forced the design to be built on the Northwest corner of Michigan Avenue. World War I postponed groundbreaking of the 16-story Holabird & Roche design until 1919. When the building reached its capacity in the 1950s, the library's directors decided to affiliate with a university. The directors contracted with the Illinois Institute of Technology to provide library services for its campus. In 1962, the library moved into a new building that was designed by architect Walter Netsch. It was a 92,000-square-foot (8,500 m2) facility with an international modern design inspired by Mies van der Rohe. During its 22 years located on the IIT campus, the John Crerar Library remained a separate organization, with IIT reimbursing the costs attributable to it. By the mid-1970s, however, the library had out-grown that building, and in 1980 Crerar and IIT agreed to terminate the contract within four years. On April 13, 1981, the directors agreed to consolidate the collection with the University of Chicago's science collection in a new building, which opened on September 10, 1984. Because the library was incorporated under the 1891 special law, court approval was required for the merger. A condition of the merger was that the combined library would also remain free to the public. The merger, with a combined collection of 900,000 volumes, was among the largest in American library history.
|Clement Walker Andrews||1895–1928|
|J. Christian Bay||1928–1946|
|Herman H. Henkle||1947–1969|
|William S. Budington||1969–1984|
Following World War II, the John Crerar Library became one of the first to offer a fee-based research service which was targeted to industry and government users. In 1952, it became one of the first libraries in the nation to install a Teletype machine. The library now offers computer-based searches of a wide variety of scientific and medical data bases. Since the 1950s, the library offers corporate memberships to both for-profit and non-profit organizations that now includes borrowing privileges and access to the University of Chicago Libraries as well as to Crerar. Also, from 1968 to 1979, the National Library of Medicine funded the library to serve as its Midwest Regional Medical Library.
The current four-story structure opened in 1984 was designed by Stubbins Associates of Cambridge, Massachusetts, and has 160,836 gross square feet of floor space, with dimensions 135 feet (41 m) east-west by 294 feet (90 m) north-south, costing $22 million to build. The building has capacity for 1.3 million volumes with 770,000 volumes on 27 miles (43 km) of conventional shelving and 530,000 volumes on 12 miles (19 km) of movable compact shelving.
The official motto of the John Crerar Library is engraved on its current building: Non est mortuus qui scientiam vivificavit (translation: "He has not died who has given life to knowledge")
The Crerar collection includes 27,000 rare books including works by Copernicus, Leonardo da Vinci, Descartes, Franklin, and Newton.
- "John Crerar Library Corporate Members Program". Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- "Library Directory". Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- visited 2007-01-25
- Aikin, Jane. "Crerar Library, John". The Electronic Encyclopedia of Chicago. Retrieved February 12, 2010.
- "The Week In Chicago: Crerar Library's First Anniversary Celebrated" (PDF). New York Times. May 15, 1898. p. 24. Retrieved February 14, 2010.
- Tutle, Oliver W. (1984). "Service to Science: the Crerar Legacy" (PDF). Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- New York Times, The Chicago Tribune, June 20, 1893
- Stamper, John W., "Chicago's North Michigan Avenue," pp. 30–1, The University of Chicago Press, 1991, ISBN 0-226-77085-0.
- Paul V. Galvin Library – History of the Galvin Library
- Budington, William S. (1984). "The Services Program" (PDF). Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- Architectural Data and Facts
- "Crerar Computer Search Services". Retrieved March 4, 2010.
- Crerar Prize