John Crew, 1st Baron Crew

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John Crew, 1st Baron Crew of Stene (1598 – 12 December 1679) was an English lawyer and politician, who sat in the House of Commons at various times between 1624 and 1660. He was a Puritan and sided with the Parliamentary cause during the Civil War. He was raised to a peerage as Baron Crew by Charles II after the Restoration.

Career[edit]

Crew was the son of Sir Thomas Crew of Nantwich, Cheshire and Steane and his wife Temperance Bray, daughter of Reynold Bray of Steane. His father was Speaker of the House of Commons from 1623 to 1625. Crew entered Gray's Inn in 1615 and matriculated at Magdalen College, Oxford on 26 April 1616, aged 18. He was called to the bar in 1624.[1]

In 1624, Crew was elected Member of Parliament for Amersham and was re-elected in 1625. He was elected MP for Brackley in 1626. In 1628 he was elected MP for Banbury and sat until 1629 when King Charles decided to rule without parliament for eleven years.[1]

In April 1640, Crew was elected MP for Brackley in the Short Parliament. He was elected MP for Northamptonshire in November 1640 for the Long Parliament. He voted against the attainder of Strafford, but supported Parliament when Civil War came, although he was a moderate, suspicious of the Army and supported the Self-Denying Ordinance. He was chosen chairman of the Commons Committee on Religion, was one of the parliamentary commissioners sent to negotiate with the Royalists at Uxbridge in 1645, and was one of those entrusted with the custody of the King at Holdenby House after the Scots handed him over to Parliament in 1647. However, the following year the army leaders, knowing that he would oppose the trial of the King, had him arrested and he was excluded from his parliamentary seat in Pride's Purge. He returned to the Commons as MP for Northamptonshire in 1654 for the First Protectorate Parliament but was once again excluded by the government. Despite this, he was summoned by the Lord Protector to sit in his new House of Lords, which first met in 1658. After the collapse of the restored Rump he resumed his seat in the briefly resurrected unpurged House, then was elected once more for Northamptonshire in the Convention Parliament. He was appointed to the Council of State, and was one of the delegation sent to meet Charles II at The Hague and arrange his return to the throne.

On 20 April 1661, Crew was created Baron Crew of Stene in recognition of his efforts to promote the Restoration, and thereafter retired from active politics. A wealthy man, he had bought a large house in Lincoln's Inn Fields during the 1650s, and was a well-regarded host; Samuel Pepys, who was a retainer and poor relation of his son-in-law Edward Montagu and mentions him many times in his diaries, was a frequent guest.

Crew died in 1679 and was buried at Steane, Northamptonshire.[1]

Family[edit]

John Crew married Jemima Waldegrave (pictured), with whom he had several children.

Crew married Jemima Waldegrave, daughter of Edward Waldegrave of Lawford Hall in Essex.[1] Their children included:

References[edit]

  • Burke's Extinct Peerage (London: Henry Colburn & Richard Bentley, 1831) [1]
  • D. Brunton & D. H. Pennington, Members of the Long Parliament (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1954)
  • Cobbett's Parliamentary history of England, from the Norman Conquest in 1066 to the year 1803 (London: Thomas Hansard, 1808) [2]
  • Concise Dictionary of National Biography (1930)
  • Mark Noble, Memoirs of several persons and families... allied to or descended from... the Protectorate-House of Cromwell (Birmingham: Pearson & Rollason, 1784) [3]
Parliament of England
Preceded by
Constituency re-enfranchised
Member of Parliament for Amersham
1624–1625
With: William Hakewill 1624
Francis Drake 1625
Succeeded by
William Clarke
Francis Drake
Preceded by
Sir Thomas Wenman
Edward Spencer
Member of Parliament for Brackley
1626
With: Sir John Hobart
Succeeded by
Sir Thomas Wenman
John Curzon
Preceded by
Calcot Chambre
Member of Parliament for Banbury
1628–1629
Succeeded by
Parliament suspended until 1640
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire
1640
With: Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
Sir John Dryden, Bt
Preceded by
Parliament suspended since 1629
Member of Parliament for Brackley
1640–1648
With: Sir Martin Lister
Succeeded by
Unrepresented after Pride's Purge
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
Thomas Brooke
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire
1654–1655
With: Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
Sir John Norwich, Bt
John Claypole
Sir John Dryden, Bt
Thomas Brooke
Succeeded by
Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
John Claypole
William Boteler
James Langham
Thomas Crew
Alexander Blake
Preceded by
Sir Gilbert Pickering, Bt
Member of Parliament for Northamptonshire
1660
With: Sir Henry Yelverton, Bt
Succeeded by
Sir Justinian Isham, Bt
George Clerke
Peerage of England
New creation Baron Crew
1661–1679
Succeeded by
Thomas Crew