John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute

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John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute circa 1915

John Crichton-Stuart, 4th Marquess of Bute, KT (20 June 1881 – 25 April 1947) was a Scottish peer.

Biography[edit]

He was the son of John Crichton-Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute and Gwendolen Fitzalan-Howard, a daughter of Edward Fitzalan-Howard, 1st Baron Howard of Glossop and granddaughter of Henry Howard, 13th Duke of Norfolk.

He was educated at Harrow School, and succeeded his father as Marquess of Bute in October 1900, nineteen years old. In early 1902 he was on a tour in the Far East. On reaching his majority in June 1902, he received the Honorary Freedom of the Burgh of Rothesay,[1] and later the same month took the oath and his seat in the House of Lords.[2]

The 4th Marquess, like his father, had a passion for architecture and was responsible for restoring Caerphilly Castle in South Wales.[3] In 1936 he published a pamphlet entitled "A Plea for Scotland's Architectural Heritage", which argued for the preservation of Scotland's smaller burgh dwellings and advocated reconditioning traditional working class housing, rather than wholesale demolition.[4] He became "the man who sold a city" when, in 1938, he disposed of the remaining Bute family estate in Cardiff.[3]

Family life[edit]

On 6 July 1905, he married Augusta Bellingham, daughter of Sir (Alan) Henry Bellingham, 4th Baronet and Catherine Noel. The lavish wedding, at Castle Bellingham in Ireland, was followed by a party at Mount Stuart House in Scotland. A film company was employed to film the event, one of the earliest examples of the aristocratic classes making a private film.[5]

They had seven children:

  • Lady Mary Crichton-Stuart (8 May 1906 – 1980), married Edward Walker and had issue.
  • John Crichton-Stuart, 5th Marquess of Bute (4 August 1907 – 14 August 1956)
  • Lady Jean Crichton-Stuart (28 October 1908 – 23 October 1995), married Lt.-Cmdr. Hon. James Bertie and had issue (two sons); her elder son was Fra' Andrew Willoughby Ninian Bertie, Prince and Grand Master of the Sovereign Military Order of Malta from 1988 until his death in 2008.
  • Lord Robert Crichton-Stuart (12 December 1909 – 1976), married Lady Janet Egida Montgomerie (1911–1999), daughter of Archibald Montgomerie, 16th Earl of Eglinton and had issue.
  • Lord David Crichton-Stuart (8 February 1911 – 1970), married Ursula Packe and had issue.
  • Lord Patrick Crichton-Stuart (1 February 1913 – 5 February 1956), married Jane von Bahr and had issue.
  • Captain Lord Rhidian Crichton-Stuart (4 June 1917 – 25 June 1969), married Selina van Wijk and had issue.

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Court Circular". The Times (36800). London. 21 June 1902. p. 8. 
  2. ^ "Parliament - House of Lords". The Times (36803). London. 25 June 1902. p. 6. 
  3. ^ a b "Bute Family Timeline 1900 –". ButeFamily.com. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Miles Glendinning; Ranald MacInnes; Aonghus MacKechnie (1996), A History of Scottish Architecture: From the Renaissance to the Present Day, Edinburgh University Press, pp. 423–4, ISBN 0-7486-0741-2 
  5. ^ "Wedding Of The 4th Marquess Of Bute 1905, the". National Library of Scotland. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 

External links[edit]

Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Viscount Dunedin
Lord Lieutenant of Buteshire
1905–1920
Succeeded by
Marquess of Graham
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
John Crichton-Stuart
Marquess of Bute
1900–1947
Succeeded by
John Crichton-Stuart