John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow

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John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow, GCH (19 August 1779 – 15 September 1853) was a British Peer and Tory politician.

John Cust's funerary monument in Belton Church, Lincolnshire


Belton House

Cust was the eldest son of the 1st Baron Brownlow and his second wife, Frances. He was educated at Eton (1788-93) and Trinity College, Cambridge (1797) before undertaking a European tour of Russia and Germany in 1801. In 1802 he was elected the MP for Clitheroe, holding the seat until 1807, when he succeeded to his father's title and estates, including Belton House near Grantham, Lincolnshire.

In May 1805, he was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society.[1] From 1809–52, he was Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire and in 1815 was created Earl Brownlow and Viscount Alford, of Alford, in the County of Lincoln.[2] He was appointed to the Royal Guelphic Order as a Knight Grand Cross (GCH) in 1834.[3]


On 24 July 1810, Lord Brownlow married Sophia Hume, the second daughter and coheiress of Sir Abraham Hume, Bt., with whom had three children:

Brownlow's wife died in 1814 and on 22 September 1818, he married Caroline Fludyer daughter of George Fludyer of Ayston, Rutland (and a granddaughter of Sir Samuel Fludyer, Bt). Brownlow and Caroline had four daughters:

  • Lady Caroline Mary Cust, (1819–1898)
  • Lady Amelia Cust, (1821–?)
  • Lady Katherine Anne Cust, (1822–1885)
  • Lady Elizabeth Cust, (1824–1824)

Caroline died in 1824 and Brownlow then married thirdly Lady Emma Sophia Edgcumbe, a daughter of the 2nd Earl of Mount Edgcumbe. Lord Brownlow did have not any children with his third wife.

As his eldest son had pre-deceased him in 1851, on his own death in 1853 his titles and estates passed to his grandson, John William Spencer Egerton-Cust [4]

Styles of address[edit]

  • 1779-1801: The Honourable John Cust
  • 1801-1802: The Honourable John Cust FSA
  • 1802-1805: The Honourable John Cust FSA MP
  • 1805-1807: The Honourable John Cust FRS FSA MP
  • 1807-1815: The Right Honourable The Lord Brownlow FRS FSA[a]
  • 1815-1853: The Right Honourable The Earl Brownlow FRS FSA
  1. ^ Although The Lord Brownlow was a baronet, by custom the post-nominal of "Bt" is omitted, as Peers of the Realm do not list subsidiary hereditary titles.


  1. ^ "Fellows 1660-2007" (PDF). Royal Society. Retrieved 12 October 2016.
  2. ^ "No. 17066". The London Gazette. 30 September 1815. p. 1997.
  3. ^ "John Cust, 1st Earl Brownlow". The Peerage. Retrieved 13 October 2016.
  4. ^ Brownlow archives. Belton House records. Handwritten letter from Amelia Cust to her sister Sophia dated 25 October 1844. Last Will and Testament of Lady Amelia Cust.
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Robert Curzon
Lord Edward Cavendish-Bentinck
Member of Parliament for Clitheroe
With: Robert Curzon
Succeeded by
Robert Curzon
James Gordon
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven
Lord Lieutenant of Lincolnshire
Succeeded by
Marquess of Granby
Title last held by
The Earl Castleton
Vice-Admiral of Lincolnshire
Succeeded by
The Earl of Yarborough
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New title Earl Brownlow
Succeeded by
John Egerton-Cust
Peerage of Great Britain
Preceded by
Brownlow Cust
Baron Brownlow
Succeeded by
John Egerton-Cust