John D. MacDonald
|John D. MacDonald|
July 24, 1916|
Sharon, Pennsylvania, U.S.
December 28, 1986 (aged 70)|
Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S.
|Occupation||Novelist, short story writer|
John Dann MacDonald (July 24, 1916 – December 28, 1986) was an American writer of novels and short stories, known for his thrillers.
MacDonald was a prolific author of crime and suspense novels, many of them set in his adopted home of Florida. One of the most successful American novelists of his time, MacDonald sold an estimated 70 million books in his career. His best-known works include the popular and critically acclaimed Travis McGee series, and his novel The Executioners, which was filmed as Cape Fear (1962) and remade in 1991. During 1972, MacDonald was named a grandmaster of the Mystery Writers of America, and he won a 1980 U.S. National Book Award in the one-year category Mystery. Stephen King praised MacDonald as "the great entertainer of our age, and a mesmerizing storyteller." Kingsley Amis said, MacDonald "is by any standards a better writer than Saul Bellow, only MacDonald writes thrillers and Bellow is a human-heart chap, so guess who wears the top-grade laurels."
- 1 Early life
- 2 Writing career
- 3 Death
- 4 Media adaptations
- 5 Influence
- 6 Bibliography
- 7 Notes
- 8 External links
MacDonald was born in Sharon, Pennsylvania, where his father, Eugene Macdonald, worked for the Savage Arms Corporation. The family relocated to Utica, New York, during 1926, where his father became treasurer of the Utica office of Savage Arms. During 1934, MacDonald was sent to Europe for several weeks, which began a desire for travel and for photography.
After graduating from high school, he enrolled at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, but he quit during his sophomore year. MacDonald worked at menial jobs in New York City for a brief time, then was admitted to Syracuse University, where he met his future wife, Dorothy Prentiss. They married during 1937, and he graduated from Syracuse University the next year. The couple would have one child, a son.
During 1939, MacDonald received an MBA from Harvard University. He was later able to make good use of his education in business and economics by incorporating elaborate business swindles into the plots of several of his novels.
In 1940, MacDonald accepted a direct commission as a first lieutenant of the Army Ordnance Corps. During World War II, he served in the Office of Strategic Services in the China-Burma-India Theater of Operations; this region featured in many of his earlier short stories and novels. He was discharged in September 1945 as a lieutenant colonel. In 1949, he moved his family to Florida, eventually settling in Sarasota.
Early pulp stories
MacDonald's literary career began almost by accident. During 1945, while still in the Army, he wrote a short story and mailed it to his wife. She submitted it to the magazine Esquire, which rejected it. She then sent it to Story magazine, which accepted for $25. He learned of this just after his ship arrived in the United States.
After his discharge, MacDonald spent four months writing short stories, generating some 800,000 words and losing 20 pounds (9.1 kg) while typing 14 hours a day, seven days a week. He received hundreds of rejection slips, but finally made a $40 sale to the pulp magazine Dime Detective. He would eventually sell nearly 500 short stories to detective, mystery, adventure, sports, Western, and science fiction magazines. Several times, MacDonald's stories were the only ones in an issue of a magazine, but this was hidden by using pseudonyms. Between 1946 and 1951, in addition to publishing over 200 short stories under his own name, MacDonald published stories as Peter Reed, John Farrell (sometimes John Wade Farrell), Scott O'Hara, Robert Henry, Harry Reiser, and John Lane. These pseudonyms were all retired by the end of 1951, and MacDonald thereafter published all his work under his real name.
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As the boom in paperback novels expanded, MacDonald successfully made the change to longer fiction with his first novel, The Brass Cupcake, published during 1950, by Fawcett Publications' Gold Medal Books.
His science fiction included the stories "Cosmetics" in Astounding (1948) and "Common Denominator" in Galaxy Science Fiction (1951), and the three novels, Wine of the Dreamers (1951), Ballroom of the Skies (1952), and The Girl, the Gold Watch, & Everything (1962), which were collected as an omnibus edition named Time and Tomorrow (1980).
Between 1953 and 1964, MacDonald specialized in crime thrillers, mainly of the so-called "hardboiled" genre. Most of these novels were published as paperback originals, although some were later republished as hardbound editions. Many, such as Dead Low Tide (1953) and Murder in the Wind (1956), were set in his adopted home of Florida. Novels such as The Executioners (1957) (which was twice filmed as Cape Fear, first during 1962 and again during 1991) and One Monday We Killed Them All (1962) concerned psychopathic killers.
MacDonald is credited with being one of the earliest to write on the effect of real estate booms on the environment, and his novel A Flash Of Green (New York: Simon and Schuster, 1962) is a good example of this. Many later Florida crime, detective and mystery writers, such as Paul Levine, Randy Wayne White, James Hall and Jonathon King, have followed suit.
MacDonald's protagonists were often intelligent and introspective men, sometimes also very cynical. Travis McGee, the "salvage consultant" and "knight-errant," was all of that. McGee made his living by recovering the loot from thefts and swindles, keeping half to finance his "retirement," which he took in segments as he went along. He first appeared in the 1964 novel The Deep Blue Good-by and starred in 21 novels through to the series' final release, 1985's The Lonely Silver Rain. All titles in the series include a color, a mnemonic device which was suggested by his publisher so that when harried travelers in airports looked to buy a book, they could at once see those MacDonald titles they had not yet read.
The McGee novels feature an ever-changing array of female companions; some particularly nasty villains; exotic locales in Florida, Mexico, and the Caribbean; and appearances by a sidekick known only as "Meyer," an economist of international renown and a Ph.D. As Sherlock Holmes had his well-known address on Baker Street, McGee had his lodgings on his 52-foot (16 m) houseboat, the Busted Flush, named for the poker hand that started the run of luck which enabled him to win the boat. She is docked at Slip F-18, marina Bahia Mar, Fort Lauderdale, Florida.
Following complications of an earlier heart bypass operation, MacDonald slipped into a coma on December 10 and died at age 70, on December 28, 1986, in St. Mary's Hospital in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. He was survived by his wife Dorothy (1911-1989) and a son, Maynard.
- MacDonald's novel Soft Touch was the basis for the 1961 movie Man-Trap.
- His 1957 novel The Executioners was filmed during 1962 as Cape Fear featuring Gregory Peck and Robert Mitchum. Martin Scorsese directed the 1991 remake of Cape Fear starring Robert DeNiro and Nick Nolte.
- The novel Cry Hard, Cry Fast was adapted as a two-part episode of the television series Run for Your Life during November 1967.
- A 1970 movie adaptation of the novel Darker Than Amber was directed by Robert Clouse from a screenplay by MacDonald and Ed Waters. It featured Rod Taylor as series character Travis McGee.
- The novella Linda was filmed twice for television, in 1973 (with Stella Stevens in the title role) and in 1993 (with Virginia Madsen).
- The Girl, the Gold Watch & Everything was adapted for a 1980 TV movie. It resulted in a 1981 sequel, The Girl, the Gold Watch and Dynamite.
- The 1980 TV movie Condominium, based on MacDonald's novel, featured Dan Haggerty and Barbara Eden.
- Sam Elliott played Travis McGee in the TV adaptation of The Empty Copper Sea, titled Travis McGee (1983). It relocated McGee to California, eliminating the Florida locales basic to the novel.
- The 1984 movie A Flash of Green featured Ed Harris. Victor Nuñez, who wrote the screenplay and directed the movie, was nominated for Grand Jury Prize at the 1985 Sundance Film Festival.
- In 2014 the writer Robert X. Burgess paid tribute to MacDonald and others in the noir detective novel Tangerine for the Executioner's Rope.
Various writers have acknowledged MacDonald's work, including Carl Hiaasen in an introduction to a 1990s edition of The Deep Blue Good-by: "Most readers loved MacDonald's work because he told a rip-roaring yarn. I loved it because he was the first modern writer to nail Florida dead-center, to capture all its languid sleaze, racy sense of promise, and breath-grabbing beauty." Kurt Vonnegut, Jr., wrote another memorable tribute: "To diggers a thousand years from now . . . the works of John D. MacDonald would be a treasure on the order of the tomb of Tutankhamen."
Most current Floridian mystery writers acknowledge a debt to MacDonald, including Randy Wayne White, James Hall, Les Standiford, Jonathon King and Tim Dorsey. Lawrence Block's New York fictional hero, Matthew Scudder, is a character who makes his living doing just what McGee does—favors for friends who have no other recourse, then taking his share.
Homage to MacDonald was evident in the 1981-88 CBS-TV series Simon & Simon with scenes showing Rick Simon's boat docked at Slip F-18 in San Diego.
Stephen King stated in the book Faces of Fear: "John D. MacDonald has written a novel called The End of the Night which I would argue is one of the greatest American novels of the twentieth century. It ranks with Death of a Salesman, it ranks with An American Tragedy." He also dedicated the novella The Sun Dog to MacDonald, writing, "I miss you, old friend...and you were right about the tigers," and began the novel Finder's Keepers with "Thinking about John D. Macdonald."
The science fiction writer Spider Robinson has made it clear that he is also among MacDonald's admirers. The bartender in Callahan's Crosstime Saloon, Mike Callahan, is married to Lady Sally McGee, whose last name is almost certainly a tribute to Travis. In a sequel to the Callahan's series, Callahan's Key, a group of regulars from the former saloon decide they've had enough of Long Island, so they relocate to Key West, Florida, in a colorful caravan of modified school buses. On their way to Key West, they stop at a marina near Fort Lauderdale specifically to visit Slip F-18 (where The Busted Flush was usually moored) and meet a local who was the prototype for McGee's sidekick Meyer. The slip is empty, with a small plaque mentioning The Busted Flush.
The popular mystery writer Dean Koontz has also acknowledged in an interview with Bookreporter.com's Marlene Taylor that MacDonald is his "favorite author of all time... I've read everything he wrote four or five times." His character Odd Thomas in Odd Apocalypse finds himself in the 1920s, and worries about being stuck "in a world with no penicillin, no polio vaccine, no Teflon cookware, no John D MacDonald novels".
In a May 2016 New York Times interview, Nathaniel Philbrick—author of In the Heart of the Sea and Mayflower—said: "I recently discovered John D. MacDonald’s Travis McGee series. Every time I finish one of those slender books, I tell myself it’s time to take a break and return to the pile on the night stand but then find myself deep into another McGee novel. Before there were Lee Child and Carl Hiaasen, there was MacDonald — as prescient and verbally precise as anyone writing today can possibly hope to be."
Travis McGee series
- (1964) The Deep Blue Good-by
- (1964) Nightmare in Pink
- (1964) A Purple Place for Dying
- (1964) The Quick Red Fox
- (1965) A Deadly Shade of Gold
- (1965) Bright Orange for the Shroud
- (1966) Darker than Amber
- (1966) One Fearful Yellow Eye
- (1968) Pale Gray for Guilt
- (1968) The Girl in the Plain Brown Wrapper
- (1969) Dress Her in Indigo
- (1970) The Long Lavender Look
- (1971) A Tan and Sandy Silence
- (1973) The Scarlet Ruse
- (1973) The Turquoise Lament
- (1975) The Dreadful Lemon Sky
- (1978) The Empty Copper Sea
- (1979) The Green Ripper
- (1981) Free Fall in Crimson
- (1982) Cinnamon Skin
- (1984) The Travis McGee Quiz Book (compiled by John Brogan, introduction by MacDonald)
- (1985) The Lonely Silver Rain
Non-series novels (excluding science fiction)
- (1950) The Brass Cupcake
- (1951) Murder for the Bride
- (1951) Judge Me Not
- (1951) Weep for Me
- (1952) The Damned
- (1953) Dead Low Tide
- (1953) The Neon Jungle
- (1953) Cancel All Our Vows
- (1954) All These Condemned
- (1954) Area of Suspicion
- (1954) Contrary Pleasure
- (1955) A Bullet for Cinderella (reprinted as On the Make)
- (1956) Cry Hard, Cry Fast
- (1956) April Evil
- (1956) Border Town Girl (reprinted as Five Star Fugitive)
- (1956) Murder in the Wind (reprinted as Hurricane)
- (1956) You Live Once (reprinted as You Kill Me)
- (1957) Death Trap
- (1957) The Price of Murder
- (1957) The Empty Trap
- (1957) A Man of Affairs
- (1958) The Deceivers
- (1958) Clemmie
- (1958) The Executioners (reprinted as Cape Fear)
- (1958) Soft Touch
- (1959) Deadly Welcome
- (1959) The Beach Girls
- (1959) Please Write for Details
- (1959) The Crossroads
- (1960) Slam the Big Door
- (1960) The Only Girl in the Game
- (1960) The End of the Night
- (1961) Where is Janice Gantry?
- (1961) One Monday We Killed Them All
- (1962) A Key to the Suite
- (1962) A Flash of Green
- (1963) I Could Go On Singing (screenplay novelization)
- (1963) On the Run
- (1963) The Drowner
- (1966) The Last One Left
- (1977) Condominium
- (1984) One More Sunday
- (1986) Barrier Island
- (1959) The Lethal Sex (an anthology of mystery stories by women, edited by MacDonald)
Short story collections
- (1966) End of the Tiger and Other Stories
- (1971) S*E*V*E*N
- (1982) The Good Old Stuff - A collection of select pulp magazine short stories from the beginning of his career, with technology and pop culture references frequently updated to bring the stories into the 1980s
- "Murder for Money" - Detective Tales, April 1952 as "All That Blood Money Can Buy"
- "Death Writes the Answer" - New Detective Magazine, May 1950 as "This One Will Kill You"
- "Miranda" - Fifteen Mystery Stories, October 1950
- "They Let Me Live" - Doc Savage Magazine, July–August 1947
- "Breathe No More" - Detective Tales, May 1950 as "Breathe No More, My Lovely"
- "Some Hidden Grave" - Detective Tales, September 1950 as "The Lady is a Corpse"
- "A Time For Dying" - New Detective Magazine, September 1948 as "Tune In on Station Homicide"
- "Noose For A Tigress" - Dime Detective, August 1952
- "Murder In Mind" - Mystery Book Magazine, Winter 1949
- "Check Out At Dawn" - Detective Tales, May 1950 as "Night Watch"
- "She Cannot Die" - Doc Savage Magazine, May–June 1948 as "The Tin Suitcase"
- "Dead On The Pin" - Mystery Book Magazine, Summer 1950
- "A Trap For The Careless" - Detective Tales, March 1950
- (1983) Two
- (1984) More Good Old Stuff
- (1987) The Annex and Other Stories - A very limited edition of 350 printed in Finland containing MacDonald's favorite short stories 
- (1951) Wine of the Dreamers (reprinted as Planet of the Dreamers)
- (1952) Ballroom of the Skies
- (1962) The Girl, the Gold Watch & Everything
- (1978) Other Times, Other Worlds (science fiction stories chosen by MacDonald and Martin H. Greenberg)
- (1980) Time and Tomorrow (an omnibus of MacDonald's three science fiction novels)
- (1965) The House Guests
- (1968) No Deadly Drug
- (1981) Nothing Can Go Wrong (with Captain John H. Kilpack) [An account of the last voyage of one of the last American liners (the SS Mariposa) before it was sold to a foreign company.]
- (1986) A Friendship: The Letters of Dan Rowan and John D. MacDonald 1967-1974
- (1987) Reading for Survival
- Merrill, Hugh (2000). The Red Hot Typewriter: The Life and Times of John D. MacDonald. New York: Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martin's Minotaur. ISBN 978-0-312-20905-6.
- "National Book Awards – 1980". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-08. (With essay by Glen David Gold from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog.)
- King, Stephen. On Writing (Hodder and Stoughton, 2000, ISBN 0-340-76996-3)
- Amis, Kingsley (1971). "A New James Bond". What Became of Jane Austen? And Other Questions. Harcourt Brace Jovanovich. p. 69. ISBN 9780151958603.
- Jonathan Yardley, "John D. MacDonald's Lush Landscape of Crime", Washington Post, Nov. 11, 2003
- Fraser, C. Gerald (1986-12-29). "John D. Macdonald, Novelist, Is Dead". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-06.
- Mystery Readers International: Florida Mysteries, Volume 15, No. 4, Winter 1999-2000
- "Nathaniel Philbrick: By the Book". The New York Times Book Review. 2016-05-29. Retrieved 2016-05-31.
- Scott, Steve (2014-10-20). "The Trap of Solid Gold: "The Annex"". The Trap of Solid Gold. Retrieved 2017-01-05.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: John D. MacDonald|
- John D. MacDonald Collection at University of Florida
- John D. MacDonald at the Internet Speculative Fiction Database
- Essay: John D. MacDonald and The Only Girl in the Game by David L. Vineyard.
- JDM Homepage; a comprehensive website devoted to MacDonald.
- John D. MacDonald bibliography 1 (Novels) John D. MacDonald bibliography 2 (Short Stories) at HARD-BOILED site (Comprehensive Bibliographies by Vladimir)
- "John D. MacDonald Before Travis McGee, The Travis McGee series made John D. MacDonald famous, but the books he churned out earlier were darker—and better." The Wall Street Journal, September 21-22, 2013
- Remembering John D MacDonald and His House on Siesta Key
- Works by John D. MacDonald at LibriVox (public domain audiobooks)