John D. Waiheʻe III
|4th Governor of Hawaii|
December 2, 1986 – December 2, 1994
|Preceded by||George Ariyoshi|
|Succeeded by||Ben Cayetano|
|7th Lieutenant Governor of Hawaii|
December 2, 1982 – December 2, 1986
|Preceded by||Jean King|
|Succeeded by||Ben Cayetano|
John David Waiheʻe III
May 19, 1946
Honokaa, Territory of Hawaii, U.S.
|Education||Andrews University (BA)|
University of Hawaii, Manoa (JD)
John David Waiheʻe III (born May 19, 1946) is an American politician who served as the fourth governor of Hawaii from 1986 to 1994. He was the first American of Native Hawaiian descent to be elected to the office from any state of the United States. After his tenure in the governor's office, Waiheʻe became a nationally prominent attorney and lobbyist.
Waiheʻe was born in Honokaʻa on the Island of Hawaii. Upon graduating from Hawaiian Mission Academy, Waiheʻe attended classes at Andrews University in Michigan. There he obtained his Bachelor of Arts degrees in both business and history. He moved to Honolulu to attend the newly established William S. Richardson School of Law at the University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa. He obtained his Juris Doctor degree in 1976. Waiheʻe is an Eagle Scout and recipient of the Distinguished Eagle Scout Award.
Waiheʻe started his political career as a delegate to the 1978 Hawaiʻi State Constitutional Convention where he was instrumental in the creation of the Office of Hawaiian Affairs and the adoption of the Hawaiian language as an official language of the state. He later served one term as a Democratic member of the Hawaiʻi State House of Representatives from 1981 to 1983. Waiheʻe was elected lieutenant governor of Hawaii under Governor George Ariyoshi, serving in that capacity until 1986. In 2008 Waiheʻe served as a delegate to the Democratic National Convention.
In 2011, Waiheʻe was appointed by Governor Neil Abercrombie to the Native Hawaiian Roll Commission, established by Act 195. Waiheʻe sits as the only Commissioner At-Large. In the following year, the Native Hawaiian Roll Commission actively began working on fulfilling its mandate to bring the Native Hawaiian people together by enrolling with the Commission. This effort is now referred to as Kanaʻiolowalu.
Commissioner Waiheʻe is featured in an 11-part series of Frequently Asked Questions videos about Kanaʻiolowalu. The video footage was recorded on the campus of the William S. Richardson School of Law in the presence of a live audience composed primarily of law school students and faculty.
Waiheʻe successfully ran for the governor's office sharing a ticket with state senator Ben Cayetano. Cayetano became Waiheʻe's lieutenant governor for two terms; both were re-elected in 1990. During much of his term, Hawaiʻi experienced a boom in the tourism industry and increased foreign investment, especially from Japan. The issue of Hawaiian sovereignty also took on increased importance as the centennial anniversary of the overthrow of the Kingdom of HawaiʻiI (when Queen Liliʻuokalani was deposed) occurred. Waiheʻe left office in 1994, having served the maximum two terms in office as permitted by the Constitution of Hawaiʻi that he had helped to author. His lieutenant governor won the election to succeed Waiheʻe.
After leaving the governor's office, Waiheʻe worked for various national-scope law firms based in Washington, DC. He also opened a private law practice and lobbying firm. In two special elections held in November 2002 and January 2003, Waiheʻe considered running for the United States House of Representatives seat left open by the death of Patsy Mink on September 28, 2002. Under Hawaiian election law, it was too late to remove the name of Patsy Mink from the November 2002 General Election ballot, and consequently Mink was posthumously re-elected. Waiheʻe dropped out of both special election contests and endorsed the candidacy of Mink's widower.
- "Hawaii Delegates". ILind.net. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
- Roll Commission, Native Hawaiian. "Kanaiolowalu". Retrieved June 7, 2013.
- Kanaʻiolowalu. "Frequently Asked Questions". Native Hawaiian Roll Commission, Oiwi TV. Retrieved June 1, 2013.
- "Aging Well: Gov. John Waihee says moderation, legacy, and family are important". www.kitv.com. Retrieved January 6, 2020.
- "Case, Waihee go for House". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. October 7, 2002.
- "Waihee will not run for Mink's House seat". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. November 20, 2002.
- "Ex-gov calls for John Mink to finish term". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. October 8, 2002.