John De Baun
John De Baun (1852–1912) was an American-born Australian real estate developer, hotelier and mining investor.
He lived and worked in Balranald for six weeks and then moved to Wilcannia, where he worked as a contractor. In 1884 he established the first hotel in Silverton, The Silverton Hotel. De Baun also served as an alderman on the Silverton Council. In the wake of the gold rush in Broken Hill, he built another successful hotel, The Grand Hotel, in 1888. He also started investing in the Adelaide Stock Exchange and was worth £100,000 at one point, a large sum of money at the time. He also invested in property in Broken Hill and Adelaide. However, in 1892, he lost his fortune due to an economic downturn in the economy of Eastern Australia, and was only worth £5,000.
Taking a chance on the gold rush in Coolgardie, Western Australia, he established four businesses in that town and became wealthy again, re-investing his resources in the stock market. He then built the Great Western Hotel in Coolgardie (now demolished).
In 1894 he purchased the Freemason's Hotel, on the corner of St Georges Terrace and William Street, Perth. He then built a new three-storey hotel, the Palace Hotel, designed by architects Porter and Thomas (formerly of Broken Hill), on the site. The Palace Hotel was called "one of the most beautiful and elegant hotels in Australasia" by author Warren Bert Kimberly.
In 1896, he purchased the Retreat Inn on the corner of Hay and Milligan Streets, in Perth, and demolished it. On the site he built a new two-storey hotel, The Melbourne Hotel, designed by architect Peter John Wilson. He also owned many properties in Perth, including most of St Georges Terrace,[disputed ] and mining interests in the Goldfields. Additionally, he owned prospecting rights in Cue.
In 1902 De Baun leased the Palace Hotel to John Glowrey, a member of parliament, which allowed him to pursue interests in the Western Australian pearling industry. In December 1908 De Baun lost six ships (one schooner and five luggers) when a cyclone hit the Broome area.
- John De Baun Street in Cable Beach, Western Australia is named in recognition of his contribution to the pearling industry.
- The Melbourne Hotel's main function room is named "The John De Baun Room".
- The St Georges Terrace portal into 108 St Georges Terrace (formerly the Bankwest Tower), which adjoins the Palace Hotel building, is named the John De Baun Entrance.
- Warren Bert Kimberly, History of West Australia: A Narrative Of Her Past Together With Biographies Of Her Leading Men, Melbourne & Ballarat: F. W. Niven & Co., 1897
- Heritage of Melbourne Hotel
- 'Wakeful', Death of a Silverton and Broken Hill Pioneer: The Late Mr. John De Baun, The Barrier Miner, 26 January 1912
- John Maxwell Freeland, The Australian Pub, Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 1966, p. 160 
- Australian Postal History and Social Philately
- Césaire Rabenoro, L'âge d'or australien, Paris: L'Harmattan, 1997, p. 88 
- Peter John Wilson, Australian Institute of Architects
- Heritage Perth: Melbourne Hotel
- "Palace Hotel Lease". Perth Gazette. Perth: National Library of Australia. 20 April 1915. p. 3. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "The Pearling Disaster". Perth Gazette. Perth: National Library of Australia. 15 December 1908. p. 5. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Marriage of Mr John De Baun.". Western Argus. Kalgoorlie, WA: National Library of Australia. 14 September 1899. p. 33. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Mining Identity". The Northern Times. Carnarvon, WA: National Library of Australia. 30 December 1911. p. 3. Retrieved 4 June 2014.
- "Death of John De Baun". Kalgoorlie Miner. WA: National Library of Australia. 27 December 1911. p. 1. Retrieved 4 June 2014.