John Deacon

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For other people named John Deacon, see John Deacon (disambiguation).
John Deacon
Bass player queen.jpg
Deacon performing with Queen at the RDS Arena, Dublin in 1979.
Background information
Birth name John Richard Deacon
Born (1951-08-19) 19 August 1951 (age 65)
Leicester, England
Genres Rock
Occupation(s) Musician, songwriter
Instruments Bass guitar
Years active 1965–1997 (retired)
Associated acts Queen
Notable instruments
Fender Precision Bass
Music Man StingRay
Rickenbacker 4001

John Richard Deacon (born 19 August 1951) is a retired English musician, best known as the bass guitarist for the rock band Queen. He composed several hit singles, including "You're My Best Friend", "Another One Bites the Dust" and "I Want to Break Free", and was involved in the band's financial management.

Deacon grew up in Oadby, Leicestershire, playing bass in a local band, The Opposition, before moving to study electronics in Chelsea College, London. He became Queen's fourth bass player in 1971 aged 19 on the strength of his quiet demeanour and electronic skills, particularly the home-made Deacy Amp which guitarist Brian May used to create guitar orchestras throughout Queen's career. From the third album, Sheer Heart Attack, onwards, he wrote at least one song per album, several of which became hits. His song "Another One Bites the Dust" became the group's best selling single in the US. As well as bass, Deacon played some guitar and keyboards on Queen's studio work, but was the only member never to sing on their records.

Following frontman Freddie Mercury's death in 1991, and the following year's Tribute Concert, Deacon only performed a few times with the remaining members of Queen before retiring from the music industry in 1997. He has not performed on any of the other projects that the other two surviving members, May and Roger Taylor, have put together.

Early life[edit]

John Richard Deacon was born in Leicester on 19 August 1951,[1] to Arthur Henry and Lilian Molly Deacon. A younger sister, Julie, was born five years later. His father had a stable job at the Norwich Union insurance company, and in 1960 the family moved to the dormitory town of Oadby.[2] Deacon was known to friends and his bandmates as 'Deaks' or 'Deaky' and attended Linden Junior School in Leicester, Gartree High School and Beauchamp Grammar School in Oadby. He became interested in electronics, reading magazines on the subject and building small devices, including the modification of a reel to reel tape recorder to stream music directly off the radio.[3][4] He studied well, and achieved 8 GCE O level and 3 A level passes, all at grade A.[5] He also enjoyed soul music in particular.[6]

Career[edit]

Deacon joined his first band, The Opposition, in 1965 at the age of 14. He played rhythm guitar using an instrument he had bought with money borrowed from Richard Young, the founding member.[7] He switched to bass the following year after the original bassist was fired for not improving his playing as much as the other members.[8] As well as a dedicated musician, Deacon also was the band's archivist, taking clippings from newspapers of even the advertisements featuring The Opposition. After being in the band for four years, not long after the group cut an acetate of three songs, Deacon played his final concert with the band (then called The Art) in August 1969.[9][10] He left as he had been accepted to study at Chelsea College in London (now part of King's College London), where he eventually obtained a 1st class honours degree in Electronics in 1971.[1] Having become a fan of Deep Purple, he saw the group perform the Concerto for Group and Orchestra with the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra at the Royal Albert Hall that September.[11]

Although he left his bass and amplifier at home in Oadby, after less than a year of studying in London, he decided he wanted to join a band.[12] By this time Queen had already been formed by Freddie Mercury, Brian May, and Roger Taylor, and Deacon even saw them in October 1970, though the group did not make a lasting impression on him at the time.[10] In late 1970, he briefly formed a band called Deacon that made one live appearance at Chelsea College.[13]

In early 1971, Deacon was introduced to Taylor and May by a friend at a disco who told him that they were in a band that had just lost its bassist. A couple of days later he auditioned in a lecture room at Imperial College London and became the last member of Queen to join.[10] Since the band's last bassist drew attention away from Mercury, Deacon was selected for his musical talent, his quiet demeanour and his electrical skills.[14] A persistent legend claims Deacon was the seventh bassist auditioned,[15] but more recent sources show only three bassists played with Queen prior to Deacon; Mike Grose, Barry Mitchell and Doug Bogie.[16][17] Deacon played his first show with Queen at the College of Estate Management in Kensington in June.[1]

On Queen's first album he was credited as "Deacon John",[18] in order to make him "sound more interesting". He asked to be credited under his real name, which was done on all other albums from Queen II onwards.[19][20]

Deacon's first writing credit came on Queen's third album, Sheer Heart Attack. It was on the song "Stone Cold Crazy", but it was also credited to the other band members. The first song Deacon wrote on his own was "Misfire" from the same album, a Caribbean-themed song where he played almost all guitar parts. He also played some guide guitar parts on the album as May was hospitalised due to Hepatitis when recording started.[21] His second song, "You're My Best Friend" was featured on the group's fourth album, A Night at the Opera, and went on to be an international hit (it was written for his wife-to-be Veronica). Subsequently, Deacon tended to write one or two songs for every Queen album, until The Miracle (1989) and Innuendo (1991), which credited the band as a whole.[22] He later wrote the hit "Another One Bites The Dust" as a song for dancing based on his early love of soul, which saw radio play on black and white US radio stations.[6] He began to collaborate more with Mercury during the 1980s, as they both wanted to change the band's musical direction away from classic rock.[23]

Deacon played a larger role on the band's 1982 album Hot Space. He played rhythm guitar on the opening "Staying Power" because of his soul and Motown-influenced style, and insisted on playing guitar on his own composition "Back Chat" and not allowing May to play any guitar solos because the style did not fit what Deacon wanted. This led to an acrimonious argument between the two.[24] By the mid-1980s, Deacon had started to play with other bands as well. He performed on the single "Picking Up Sound" by Man Friday & Jive Junior, a supergroup also featuring Thin Lizzy's Scott Gorham, Bad Company's Simon Kirke and Mick Ralphs, and The Pretenders' Martin Chambers.[25][26] and played with The Immortals, which released the track "No Turning Back" as part of the soundtrack to the film Biggles: Adventures in Time.[14] Deacon played bass on Mercury's single with Montserrat Caballe "How Can I Go On"[27] and also worked with Elton John and Hot Chocolate's Errol Brown.[14]

Deacon considered his songwriting to be of equal importance to his musical skills in Queen. He later said "If I'd just been a bass player all my life with the band, I wouldn't be as satisfied ... I only consider that as part of what I do".[28]

Retirement[edit]

Mercury's death in November 1991 hit Deacon the hardest out of all the surviving members of Queen. He later said, "As far as we are concerned, this is it. There is no point carrying on. It is impossible to replace Freddie."[14] After playing live with Queen three more times – at The Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert for AIDS Awareness on 20 April 1992, in a charity concert with Roger Taylor in Midhurst on 18 October 1993, and at the opening of the Bejart Ballet in Paris on 17 January 1997, performing only "The Show Must Go On" with Elton John on lead vocals – he made the decision to retire from music,[29] re-appearing only briefly by joining his former band mates in October 1997 for the recording of the final Queen song "No-One but You (Only the Good Die Young)", included on the Queen Rocks album released a month later.[30]

Deacon has reportedly spoken out about the May/Taylor/Robbie Williams cover of "We Are the Champions", recorded for A Knight's Tale, which he was not favourable about.[31]

Since 1997, Deacon has retired from the music business. He chose not to be present at Queen's induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2001, or join in the collaboration with Paul Rodgers.[32] On the Queen + Paul Rodgers collaboration album The Cosmos Rocks which featured new material from the trio, he was listed in the Thanks Notes on the CD. May insists that Deacon is still involved on the business side of Queen but chooses to hide from public sight. May also confirmed that Deacon approves of the proposed Freddie Mercury biopic.[33]

In a 2014 interview with Rolling Stone Magazine regarding the upcoming Queen + Adam Lambert North American tour with Adam Lambert, May and Taylor admitted that they no longer have much contact with Deacon except regarding finances, with Taylor stating that "[Deacon]'s completely retired from any kind of social contact", and describing him as "a little fragile." May added however, "He still keeps an eye on the finances, though. John Deacon is still John Deacon. We don't undertake anything financial without talking to him."[34]

Musical style and equipment[edit]

Deacon on stage at the New Haven Coliseum, Connecticut, US in 1977.

Rolling Stone Magazine wrote in 1973 that the combination of Taylor and Deacon "is explosive, a colossal sonic volcano whose eruption makes the earth tremble."[35] Deacon played guitar in addition to bass, taking over rhythm parts in many albums, as well as several acoustic performances. Some of the guitar work on Hot Space (the clean Fender Telecaster single-coil sound) is Deacon's. He would occasionally play synthesizers on his own compositions and often composed at the piano, playing a Wurlitzer on "You're My Best Friend".[36] He can also be seen playing the grand piano in the music video to "Spread Your Wings",[37] although on the actual recording the piano was played by Mercury.[38] Unlike the other three members of Queen, Deacon did not sing on the group's records.[39]

Deacon's first bass, used in the Opposition was an Eko, later upgrading to a Rickenbacker 4001. For most of Queen's career, he used a Fender Precision Bass, which underwent a number of cosmetic changes. Towards the end of the group's career, he used a custom bass designed by Roger Giffin.[14][28] As a trained electronics engineer, he was able to build equipment for the band. His most famous creation is the "Deacy Amp", built in 1972 from pieces of electronic equipment found in a skip, and used by himself and May throughout Queen's recording career.[40]

Deacon usually played the bass with his fingers, instead of using a plectrum. He counted his influences as Chic, Michael Jackson and Stevie Wonder. His favourite bass players were Chris Squire of the progressive rock band Yes[41] and The Who's John Entwistle.[42] A trademark of Deacon's playing are his bass runs. A 1975 review of Sheer Heart Attack said "Only at the end would a new initiate to Queen recognise John Deacon's unmistakable trademark ... the least well known musician in Queen is one of his rock generation's most able."[43]

Personal life[edit]

Deacon has often been described as the "quiet" member of the band. Although the rest of the band felt he was the right bass guitarist for them, he barely spoke in rehearsals and avoided arguments.[1] The other members have said that he handled most of the band's finances. He lives in Putney in Southwest London with his wife Veronica, whom he married on 18 January 1975.[44] One of the reasons for Queen splitting from Trident, their original management company, is that it refused to lend Deacon money to put a deposit on a house.[45][46]

According to The Sunday Times Rich List, Deacon was worth £65 million, or around $103 million as of 2011.[47]

Tribute[edit]

A new species of the genus Heteragrion (Odonata : Zygoptera) from Brazil was named Heteragrion johndeaconi in honor of him, with the etymology: "I name this species after John Richard Deacon, bassist and songwriter, whose wonderful sound and magnificent lyrics have enchanted the world for over four decades."[48]

Discography[edit]

Main article: Queen discography

Queen songs Deacon wrote that were released as singles:

Selected Queen album tracks:

Selected solo efforts:

References[edit]

Citations

  1. ^ a b c d Dean 1986, p. 11.
  2. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 12.
  3. ^ "John Deacon". International Queen Fan Club. Retrieved 10 December 2015. 
  4. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 13.
  5. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 27.
  6. ^ a b Dean 1986, p. 46.
  7. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 15.
  8. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 17.
  9. ^ Hodkinson 2004, pp. 25–26.
  10. ^ a b c "Queen before Queen – the 1960s recordings Part 4 – The Opposition". Record Collector. February 1996. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  11. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 26.
  12. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 176.
  13. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 177.
  14. ^ a b c d e "The Invisible Man". Bassist magazine. April 1996. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  15. ^ Dean 1986, pp. 9,11.
  16. ^ Hodkinson 2004, pp. 174–176.
  17. ^ Blake, Mark (31 March 2011). "Is This the Real Life? The Untold Story of Queen". PopMatters. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  18. ^ Queen (Media notes). EMI / Trident. 1973. EMC 3006. 
  19. ^ "John Deacon". Queen (official website). Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  20. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 82.
  21. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 88.
  22. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 188.
  23. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 163.
  24. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 181.
  25. ^ Dean 1986, p. 66.
  26. ^ a b c d "John Deacon". Billboard. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  27. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 290.
  28. ^ a b Newell, Roger (25 October 2011). "Bass Legends: Queen's John Deacon". Music Radar. Retrieved 5 December 2015. 
  29. ^ Greene, Andy (17 October 2013). "Flashback: Queen and Elton John Perform 'The Show Must Go On'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  30. ^ Queen Rocks (Media notes). EMI. 823-091-2. 
  31. ^ "The Royal Family". Classic Rock. December 2001. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  32. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 1464.
  33. ^ "Brian May disappointed by John Deacon's movie snub – Sound Bites – Display – Sound Bites". The Sound. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  34. ^ Andy Greene (2014-03-06). "QA: Queen, Adam Lambert Talk New Tour, Pressure and John Deacon | Music News". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 2014-07-03. 
  35. ^ "Queen". Rolling Stone (149). 12 December 1973. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  36. ^ Jones 2012, p. 159.
  37. ^ Saleksi, Mark (28 October 2015). "Queen, "Spread Your Wings" from News of the World (1977): One Track Mind". Something Else Reviews. Retrieved 8 December 2015. 
  38. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 126.
  39. ^ "Top 10 John Deacon Queen songs". Classic Rock. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  40. ^ "KAT Deacy Amp Replica". Knight Audio Technologies. Retrieved 7 December 2015. 
  41. ^ "Guitar Magazine – September 1999". brianmay.com. Retrieved 15 November 2015. 
  42. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 10.
  43. ^ "03-XX-1975 – Sheer Heart Attack – Circus". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 15 June 2008. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  44. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 234.
  45. ^ Jones 2012, p. 129.
  46. ^ Hodkinson 2004, p. 239.
  47. ^ "The top 50 richest people in music: Sunday Times Rich List". This is Money. Retrieved 22 September 2014. 
  48. ^ Lencioni, F.A.A. (9 July 2013). "Diagnoses and discussion of the group 1 and 2 Brazilian species of Heteragrion, with descriptions of four new species (Odonata: Megapodagrionidae). Zootaxa 3685 (1): 001–080." (PDF). Zootaxa. Magnolia Press – Auckland, New Zealand. Retrieved 26 September 2015. 
  49. ^ "Spread Your Wings". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  50. ^ a b "Queen : The Singles Collection". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  51. ^ "Queen : Song Highlights". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  52. ^ "Queen : Sheer Heart Attack". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  53. ^ "Queen : A Day At The Races". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  54. ^ "Queen : News Of The World". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  55. ^ "Queen : Jazz". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  56. ^ "Queen : Hot Space". AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2015. 
  57. ^ "Queen : The Miracle". AllMusic. 11 December 2015. 
  58. ^ Purvis 2012, p. 730.

Sources

Further reading

  • Mark Blake (Editor) (2005). MOJO Classic Queen Special Edition. EMAP Metro Limited.