John M. Deutch
|17th Director of Central Intelligence|
May 10, 1995 – December 15, 1996
|Preceded by||James Woolsey|
|Succeeded by||George Tenet|
|United States Deputy Secretary of Defense|
March 11, 1994 – May 10, 1995
|Preceded by||William J. Perry|
|Succeeded by||John P. White|
|Born||John Mark Deutch
July 27, 1938
|Spouse(s)||Patricia Lyon Deutch|
|Alma mater||Amherst College (B.A.)
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Ph.D.)
John Mark Deutch (born July 27, 1938) is an American physical chemist and civil servant. He was the United States Deputy Secretary of Defense from 1994 to 1995 and Director of Central Intelligence (DCI) from May 10, 1995 until December 15, 1996. He is an Institute Professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and serves on the Board of Directors of Citigroup, Cummins, Raytheon, and Schlumberger Ltd. Deutch is also a member of the Trilateral Commission.
Deutch was born in Brussels, Belgium, the son of Rachel Felicia (Fischer) and Michael Joseph Deutch. He is of Russian Jewish heritage, and became a United States citizen in 1945. He graduated from the Sidwell Friends School in Washington, D.C. and earned a bachelor's degree in History and Economics from Amherst College. In 1961, he earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Chemical Engineering and, in 1966, he earned a PhD in Chemistry, both from Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He holds honorary degrees from Amherst College, University of Massachusetts Lowell, and Northeastern University.
From 1977 to 1980, he served in several positions for the United States Department of Energy (DOE): as Director of Energy Research, Acting Assistant Secretary for Energy Technology, and Undersecretary of the Department. In 1978, Deutch published two physical-chemistry papers (in, Combustion and Flame, 1978, vol 231 pp. 215–221 and 223-229) on modeling the mechanism of the Fuel/Air mixture. He served as the provost of MIT from 1985 - 1990. As MIT Dean of Science and Provost, Deutch oversaw the disbanding of the Department of Applied Biological Sciences, including its toxicology faculty.
In 1995, President Bill Clinton appointed him Director of Central Intelligence (cabinet rank in the Clinton administration). However, Deutch was initially reluctant to accept the appointment. As head of the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Deutch continued the policy of his predecessor R. James Woolsey to declassify records pertaining to U.S. covert operations during the Cold War.
Deutch fell out of favor with the Clinton administration because of public testimony he gave to Congress on Iraq. Specifically Deutch testified that Saddam Hussein was stronger than he was four years ago and the CIA might never be able to remedy the issue. Clinton dismissed Deutch after he had won re-election.
Deutch left the CIA on December 15, 1996 and soon after it was revealed that several of his laptop computers contained classified materials designated as unclassified.[clarification needed] In January 1997, the CIA began a formal security investigation of the matter. Senior management at CIA declined to fully pursue the security breach. Over two years after his departure, the matter was referred to the Department of Justice, where Attorney General Janet Reno declined prosecution. She did, however, recommend an investigation to determine whether Deutch should retain his security clearance. President Clinton pardoned Deutch on his last day in office. Deutch had agreed to plead guilty to a misdemeanor for mishandling government secrets, but President Clinton pardoned him before the Justice Department could file the case against him.
- "CIA's Historical Review Program", National Archives (NARA) electronic collections
- Doyle McManus, "Clinton Appears Set to Pick Lake as CIA Director," Los Angeles Times (04 December 1996)
- 'Legacy of Ashes: The History of the CIA’, by: Tim Weiner (paperback, 2008), p.535
- Central Intelligence Agency Inspector General Report of Investigation Improper Handling of Classified Information By John M. Deutch, February 18, 2000
- Ross, Sonya, "Clinton Pardons More Than 100", Washington Post, January 20, 2001
- , "Washington Post", January 24, 2001
- "John M. Deutch". Harvard.edu. Retrieved 24 Apr 2014.
- Deutch's MIT Biography
- "Nora Slatkin's Mission Impossible: The CIA," BusinessWeek, Feb. 26, 1996 (About the CIA executive director hired by Deutch to improve diversity at the CIA.)
- "Back-stabbing, CIA-style", Salon, Feb. 3, 2000
|United States Deputy Secretary of Defense
|Director of Central Intelligence