John Drummond, 1st Lord Drummond

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John Drummond, first Lord Drummond (died 1519), was a Scottish statesman.

Drummond, ninth successive knight of his family, was the eldest son of Sir Malcolm Drummond of Cargill and Stobhall, Perthshire, by his marriage with Mariota, eldest daughter of Sir David Murray of Tullibardine in the same county. He sat in parliament 6 May 1471, under the designation of Lord of Stobhall. On 20 March 1473–4 he had a charter of the offices of seneschal and coroner of the earldom of Strathearn,in which he was confirmed in the succeeding reign.[1] In 1483 he was one of the ambassadors to treat with the English King, with a safe-conduct (passport) granted 29 November of that year; again, on 6 August 1484, to treat of the marriage of James, Prince of Scotland, and Anne de la Pole, niece of Richard III. He was a commissioner for settling border differences nominated by the treaty of Nottingham, 22 September 1484; his safe-conduct into England being dated on the ensuing 29 November.

James III of Scotland took the office of Steward of Strathearn from Drummond in September 1475, making him his enemy. Although Dummond was raised to the peerage by the title of Lord Drummond, 29 January 1488, soon after he joined the rebel party against James III, and he sat in the first parliament of James IV, 6 October 1488.

In this same year he was appointed a privy councillor and justiciary of Scotland, and was afterwards constable of the castle of Stirling. In 1489 John Stewart, 1st Earl of Lennox, rose in revolt against the king. He had encamped at Gartalunane, on the south bank of the Forth, in the parish of Aberfoyle, but during the darkness of the night of 11 Oct. was surprised and utterly routed by Drummond.[2] As one of the commissioners to redress border and other grievances, Drummond had a safe-conduct into England 22 May 1495, 26 July 1511, 24 Jan. 1513, and 20 April 1514.[3]

Assault on the Lyon Herald[edit]

In 1514 Drummond gave great offence to many of the lords by promoting the marriage of his grandson, Archibald Douglas, 6th Earl of Angus, with the queen-dowager Margaret. The Lord Lyon King of Arms (Sir William Comyn) was despatched to summon Angus before the council at Stirling Castle, when Drummond, thinking that he had approached the earl with more boldness than respect, struck him on the breast. In 1515 John Stewart, Duke of Albany, was chosen Regent of Scotland, but because Drummond did not favour the election he committed him (16 July) a close prisoner to Blackness Castle, upon an allegation that he had used violence towards the herald He was tried capitally, found guilty, and his estates forfeited. However, he was not long in coming to terms with Albany. With other lords he signed the answer of refusal to Henry VIII, who had advised the removal of Albany, to which his seal is affixed, 4 July 1516, and in October he announced his final separation from the queen's party. He was in consequence released from prison and freed from his forfeiture, 22 November 1516.[4]

Family[edit]

He died at Drummond Castle, Strathearn, in 1519, and was buried in the church of Innerpeffray. He was succeeded by his great-grandson David. In Douglas's ‘Peerage of Scotland’ (ed. Wood, ii. 361) Drummond married ‘Lady Elisabeth Lindsay, daughter of David, duke of Montrose.’ His wife was Elizabeth Lindsay, daughter of Alexander Lindsay, 4th Earl of Crawford, and by her he had three sons and six daughters. Malcolm, the eldest son, died young; David, master of Drummond, is not mentioned in the pedigrees, but is now believed to have been the chief actor in the Massacre of Monzievaird, when members of the Murrays of Ochtertyre were killed at Monzievaird Church, for which he was executed after 21 Oct. 1490.[5] William was living in March 1503; and John was ancestor of the Drummonds of Innerpeffray and of Riccarton.

Of the daughters, Margaret Drummond, mistress of James IV, was poisoned in 1501; Elizabeth married George Douglas, Master of Angus, and was great-grandmother of Henry, Lord Darnley, Beatrix never married; Annabella married William Graham, 1st Earl of Montrose; Eupheme, the wife of John Fleming, 4th Lord Fleming, was poisoned in 1501; and Sibylla shared a like fate, the sisters were buried at Dunblane Cathedral. Drummond was the common ancestor of the viscounts of Strathallan and of the earls of Perth and Melfort.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Registrum Magni Sigilli Regum Scotorum (RMS), ed. Paul, 1424–1513, p. 236, 372
  2. ^ Buchanan, George, Rerum Scoticorum Historia, liber xiii, capita v
  3. ^ Hardy, Syllabus of Rymer's Fœdera, vol. ii, 729, 743, 745; Letters and Papers of Henry VIII, ed. Brewer, vol. 1. 274, 316, 448, 478, 789.
  4. ^ Letters & Papers of Henry VIII, vol. ii. pt. i. pp. 187, 205, 520, 643, 772
  5. ^ Exchequer Rolls of Scotland, ed. Burnett, vol. x. p. 1, compare, Accounts of the Lord High Treasurer, Scotland, ed. Dickson, vol. i. pp. cii–civ

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain"Drummond, John (d.1519)". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co. 1885–1900.