John Duncan Fergusson
|John Duncan Fergusson|
9 March 1874|
|Died||30 January 1961
John Duncan Fergusson (9 March 1874 – 30 January 1961) was a Scottish artist and sculptor, regarded as one of the major artists of the Scottish Colourists school of painting.
Fergusson was born in Leith, Edinburgh He was the first of 4 children. Although he briefly trained as a naval surgeon, Fergusson soon realised that his vocation was painting and he enrolled at the Trustees Academy, an Edinburgh-based art school. He rapidly became disenchanted with the rigid teaching style, however, and elected to teach himself to paint. To this end, he began to travel to Morocco, Spain and France, where he became acquainted with other artists of the day. Amongst them was Samuel Peploe, another of the group of artists who would later become identified as the Scottish Colourists.
In 1898, Fergusson took his first trip to Paris to study at the Louvre. He was highly influenced by the impressionist paintings at the Salle Caillebotte and these were an important influence on his developing style. Later he would also be influenced by Fauvism and the fauvist principles of using colour would become a strong feature of his art. Andre Dunoyer de Segonzac wrote in his foreword to Fergusson's memorial exhibition of 1961: "His art is a deep and pure expression of his immense love of life. Endowed with a rare plastic feeling, almost sculptural in its quality. He joined with it an exceptional sense of colour, outspoken, ringing colours, rich and splendid in their very substance."
Fergusson became part of the enormous growth in artistic talent that Paris was home to at the beginning of the twentieth century. There he mingled with artists like Matisse and Picasso in the café society for which the city was renowned. In addition, he and his friend Samuel Peploe regularly painted together at the a seaside resort of Paris Plage and other places along the coast between 1904-9. It was at this period too that he commenced his relationship with the American illustrator Anne Estelle Rice (1879–1959), whom he encouraged to take up painting. She had been sent to Paris to provide drawings for articles on theatre, ballet, opera and race meetings published in the North American magazine and was to figure in many of Fergusson's canvases.
Post WWI career
By the outbreak of World War I, Fergusson was considered to be at the forefront of modern British painting. During the war years, however, he achieved little artistically and it was only towards the end of the war that he regained the momentum in his work.
In the 1920s Fergusson was settled in a studio in London. His first solo exhibition was in 1923 and he was also involved in several important group exhibitions. In 1928 he and his partner, the dancer Margaret Morris, moved to Paris, where they lived until the spectre of war once again loomed over Europe, prompting the couple to move to Glasgow in 1939 where they were to remain for the rest of their lives. A member of Glasgow Art Club, Fergusson exhibited a portrait in the club's exhibition, April 1939.
In 1940 Fergusson founded the New Art Club, out of which emerged the New Scottish Group of painters of which he was the first president. In 1943 he published his book on "Modern Scottish Painting". On his death, his widow, Margaret Morris, presented fourteen of his paintings to the University of Stirling when it was founded in 1968. His work remains popular and in 1992 a permanent gallery was founded in Perth to house it.
- Peploe, Guy. "Fergusson at Stirling". University of Stirling. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
- Millar, Barbara (7 January 2011). "A man of colour". Scottish Review.
- "J D Fergusson". Art From Scotland. Archived from the original on 21 January 2011. Retrieved 7 January 2011.
- See Fergusson's "Evening at Paris Plage" (1904), "Building at Paris Plage", "Grey Day" and "Estelle Rice on the beach" (1907)
- Biographical details Archived 2 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- See Duncan Miller Fine Arts Archived 25 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine. and Perth Museum and Art Gallery Archived 21 January 2011 at the Wayback Machine.
- Glasgow Herald article 1 April 1939 ‘’Glasgow Art Club Annual Exhibition’’ Retrieved 2011-08-17
- Moffat, Alexander; Riach, Alan (2015). "J D Fergusson: A Biographical Timeline". Modern Scottish Painting. Luath Press. p. 64. ISBN 9781910021880.
- Taylor, Alan (4 July 2015). "J D Fergusson on modern Scottish painting". Glasgow Herald. Retrieved 26 May 2017.