John Duncan Grant
|John Duncan Grant|
|Born||28 December 1877
Roorkee, British India
|Died||20 February 1967
Royal Tunbridge Wells, Kent
|Service/branch||British Indian Army|
|Years of service||1898–1929|
|Unit||8th Gurkha Rifles
Madras Staff Corps
Indian Staff Corps
|Battles/wars||British expedition to Tibet
World War I
Third Anglo-Afghan War
Companion of the Order of the Bath
Distinguished Service Order
Mentioned in Despatches
Colonel John Duncan Grant VC, CB, DSO (28 December 1877 – 20 February 1967) was a British Indian Army officer who was awarded the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Born at Roorkee, northern India, and educated in England at Cheltenham College, Grant attended the Royal Military College, Sandhurst and after passing out was appointed as a Second Lieutenant to the "Unattached List ... with a view to [his] appointment to the Indian Staff Corps." He was promoted to Lieutenant in 1900. He joined the 8th Gurkha Rifles which was part of the British expedition to Tibet in 1903–04. On 6 July 1904 his actions at the storming of the Gyantse Dzong (fortress) led to the award of the Victoria Cross:
On the occasion of the storming of the Gyantse Jong on 6th July, 1904, the storming Company, headed by Lieutenant Grant, on emerging from the cover of the village, had to advance up a bare, almost precipitous, rock-face, with little or no cover available, and under a heavy fire from the curtain, flanking towers on both sides of the curtain, and other buildings higher up the Jong. Showers of rocks and stones were at the time being hurled down the hillside by the enemy from above. One man could only go up at a time, crawling on hands and knees, to the breach in the curtain.
Lieutenant Grant, followed by Havildar Karbir Pun, 8th Gurkha Rifles, at once attempted to scale it, but on reaching near the top he was wounded, and hurled back, as was also the Havildar, who fell down the rock some 30 feet.
Regardless of their injuries they again attempted to scale the breach, and, covered by the fire of the men below, were successful in their object, the Havildar shooting one of the enemy on gaining the top. The successful issue of the assault was very greatly due to the splendid example shown by Lieutenant Grant and Havildar Karbir Pun.The latter has been recommended for the Indian Order of Merit.— London Gazette, 24 January 1905
Grant was promoted to captain in 1907 and to major in 1916. During World War I he served in the Persian Gulf in 1915–16, France and Belgium in 1917 and Mesopotamia in 1918. After the war he served in Afghanistan in 1919, and then as lieutenant colonel in command of the 13th Rajputs in the Waziristan campaign (1919–1920). He was awarded the Distinguished Service Order "for distinguished service rendered in the Field with the Waziristan Force, 1920–1921." He was Assistant Adjutant General at the headquarters of the Army of India 1925–28, and Deputy Director of the Auxiliary and Territorial Force in India 1928–29. He retired in 1929 with the rank of colonel and was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath in the King's Birthday Honours of that year. He was ceremonial Colonel of the 10th Gurkha Rifles 1934–47. He died in Tunbridge Wells, aged 89, and was cremated and buried at the Kent and Sussex Crematorium and Cemetery.
- GRANT, Col John Duncan, Who Was Who, A & C Black, 1920–2008; online edn, Oxford University Press, Dec 2007, accessed 27 October 2012
- The London Gazette: . 21 January 1898. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 17 July 1900. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 24 January 1905. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 19 March 1907. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 5 May 1916. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 19 December 1922. Retrieved 27 October 2012.
- The London Gazette: . 31 May 1929. Retrieved 27 October 2012.