John Durham (Medal of Honor)
|John Stafford Durham|
June 8, 1843|
New York City
|Died||January 12, 1918(aged 74)|
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Service/branch||United States Army
|Years of service||1861 - 1864|
|Unit||1st Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment (3 Years)|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War
Battle of Perryville
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
John Stafford Durham (a.k.a. Mark Cromwell, June 8, 1843 – January 12, 1918) served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. He received the Medal of Honor for his actions during the Battle of Perryville.
Durham was born on June 8, 1843, in New York City, the son of Amos H. Durham and Mary Ann née Laken. He ran away from home at age seven and was adopted by a showman, who changed his name to Mark Cromwell. Durham's official residence was Malone, Wisconsin when he joined the Union Army. He joined the 1st Wisconsin Infantry in August 1861, and mustered out in October 1864. During the Battle of Perryville he took over as the flag bearer for his regiment when the color sergeant was shot. He moved forward with the flag until he was ordered to stop midway by his commanding officer. Durham was admitted to the Soldiers' Home in Leavenworth, Kansas in 1902; he died there on January 12, 1918 and was buried at Leavenworth National Cemetery in Leavenworth. His grave can be found in section 33, row 10, grave 18.
Medal of Honor citation
Rank and organization: Sergeant, Company F, 1st Wisconsin Infantry. Place and date: At Perryville, Ky., 8 October 1862. Entered service at: Malone, St. Croix County, Wis. Born: 1843, New York, N.Y. Date of issue: 20 November 1896.
For extraordinary heroism on 8 October 1862, while serving with Company F, 1st Wisconsin Infantry, in action at Perryville, Kentucky. Sergeant Durham seized the flag of his regiment when the color sergeant was shot and advanced with the flag midway between the lines, amid a shower of shot, shell, and bullets, until stopped by his commanding officer.
- "The Badge of Courage". The Kansas City Gazette. December 6, 1896. p. 1. Retrieved December 30, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Medal of Honor recipients". American Civil War (A-L). United States Army Center of Military History. June 8, 2009. Retrieved 2008-08-30.
- Company Roster
- "Soldiers' Home Notes". The Leavenworth Times. January 15, 1918. p. 8. Retrieved December 31, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "Soldiers Home: John S. Durham". The Leavenworth Times. January 17, 1918. p. 3. Retrieved December 31, 2016 – via Newspapers.com.
- "John Durham". Claim to Fame: Medal of Honor recipients. Find a Grave. Retrieved 2009-08-30.