John E. Hines

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The Most Reverend
John E. Hines
22nd Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church
John Elbridge Hines.jpg
Church Episcopal Church
In office 1965-1974
Predecessor Arthur C. Lichtenberger
Successor John Allin
Consecration 18 October 1945
by Henry St. George Tucker
Personal details
Born (1910-10-10)October 10, 1910
Seneca, South Carolina, United States
Died July 19, 1997(1997-07-19) (aged 86)
Austin, Texas, United States
Nationality American
Previous post Bishop of Texas (1955-1965)

John Elbridge Hines (October 3, 1910 – July 19, 1997) was a bishop in the Episcopal Church in the United States. When he was elected the 22nd Presiding Bishop in 1965, at the age of 54, he was the youngest person to hold that office, which he held until 1974.[1][2] Desmond Tutu, Archbishop of Cape Town, said Hines' movement to divest church-held assets in that nation played an important role in the demise of apartheid.[1]

Early life[edit]

Hines was born in Seneca, South Carolina. He graduated from the University of the South and Virginia Theological Seminary in Alexandria.


His ministry began at parishes in Hannibal, Missouri in the Great Depression, where he became acquainted with the Social Gospel movement through bishop William Scarlett of Missouri. At age 26, Hines became rector of Saint Paul's Church, Augusta, Georgia, and began attacking racism in Georgia, continuing his lifelong defense of those who lacked political, social, economic and educational opportunities. Hines then accepted a call to become rector of Christ Church in Houston, Texas from 1941–45, which was later raised to the status of cathedral.[3]

Hines was consecrated as bishop coadjutor of the Episcopal Diocese of Texas on October 18, 1945,[4] and in 1955 became diocesan bishop.[2] While his social activism was criticized in some quarters, the number of churches grew under his stewardship. He became known as a theological conservative and social liberal, and was elected Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church in 1965. Hines responded to the riots following the assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr. by calling for social justice and self-determination, and launched the controversial General Convention Special Program.

Death and legacy[edit]

During nearly two decades of retirement in North Carolina, Hines preached most summers at the Church of the Good Shepherd in Cashiers, North Carolina, where he was ultimately buried next to his wife, Helen Orwig, who died the previous year. They had four sons and a daughter, who survived their parents. Hines died at Heartland Medical Center in Austin, Texas.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c Saxon, Wolfgang (1997-07-22). "John E. Hines, Episcopal Leader, Dies at 86". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  2. ^ a b "A Brief History of the Episcopal Diocese of Texas". Episcopal Diocese of Texas. Retrieved 2010-09-17. [dead link]
  3. ^ "Christ Church Cathedral History". Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
  4. ^ "Christ Church Cathedral Music History". Retrieved 2010-09-17. 
Religious titles
Preceded by
Arthur C. Lichtenberger
22nd Presiding Bishop
January 1, 1965 – May 31, 1974
Succeeded by
John Maury Allin
Preceded by
Clinton Simon Quin
4th Bishop of Texas
Succeeded by
James Milton Richardson