John E. Tourtellotte
|John E. Tourtellotte|
John Everett Tourtellotte|
February 22, 1869
East Thompson, Connecticut
May 8, 1939 (aged 70)|
Della Wallace Tourtellotte|
John E. Tourtellotte & Company;|
Tourtellotte & Hummel
Idaho State Capitol,|
U. of Idaho Administration Bldg.
John Everett Tourtellotte (February 22, 1869 – May 8, 1939) was a prominent western American architect, best known for his projects in Idaho. His work in Boise included the Idaho State Capitol, the Boise City National Bank, the Carnegie Library, and numerous other buildings for schools, universities, churches, and government institutions. From 1922 to 1930, he worked in Portland, Oregon.
He was associated with partnerships John E. Tourtellotte & Company and Tourtellotte & Hummel, based in Boise. Works by these firms were covered in a 1982 study and many of the buildings were immediately or later listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Tourtellotte was born in East Thompson, Connecticut, to a well-respected French Huguenot family. His father, Charles W. Tourtellotte, was a prosperous farmer and grist-mill owner. At age 17, he enrolled as an apprentice to the architectural firm of Cutting & Bishop, based in Webster, Massachusetts, where he studied architectural drawing for two years. During this time, he supervised roof construction for the Butler Insane Asylum in Providence, Rhode Island, and the Anne & Hope factory in Lonsdale, which was then the largest factory in the United States.
Following his apprenticeship, Tourtellotte traveled westward, working on construction projects in Chicago, Kansas City, Albuquerque, and Pueblo, Colorado, before arriving in Boise in 1890, months after Idaho achieved statehood.
Idaho and Oregon
His architectural and construction business thrived in Boise, and by 1894, Tourtellotte devoted his business entirely to architecture. In 1903, he formed a partnership with German immigrant Charles Hummel (1857–1939), a university-trained architect who had previously worked for Tourtellotte's architecture and construction business.
Though the firm's headquarters were moved to Portland in 1913, the Boise office was retained. The partnership was dissolved in 1922, and Tourtellotte then partnered with one of Charles Hummel's sons, fellow architect Frank K. Hummel (1892–1961). The two shared a Portland office from 1922 until Tourtellotte's retirement in 1930, and Frank Hummel worked there until its closure around 1934, when he returned to Boise. *Tourtellote continued to work as he designed a proposed Portland City Hall in 1933 with architect Truman E. Phillips as well as a completed project, Linn County Courthouse in Albany, OR, which was in the building stages at the time of his death, also with Mr. PHillips, according to "Architect and Engineer", Vols. 136-139, page 55.
Tourtellotte was known for combining architectural motifs from disparate styles and eras, and the domed Idaho State Capitol is celebrated for its use of natural light. To celebrate the opening of the state capitol, Tourtellotte wrote an essay where he compared the architectural styles of various eras to the state of spiritual and moral development of civilization evident during those times, with the use of illumination and light signifying the increasing spiritual enlightenment of humanity. The state capitol underwent an extensive restoration which was completed in 2010.
Tourtellotte also designed the replacement Administration Building at the University of Idaho in Moscow. Construction of the Tudor Gothic-style structure began in 1907 and the main building was completed in 1909; its wings in 1912 and 1916. Based on the Hampton Court Palace in England, the UI Administration Building is a campus icon and was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1978, at age 69.
John E. Tourtellotte, 1894-1901
- W. Scott Neal House, 215 E. Jefferson St., Boise, Idaho (1897, 1914)
- Walter E. Pierce House, 5801 Branstetter St., Garden City, Idaho (1897)
- J. M. Johnson House, 1002 W. Franklin St., Boise, Idaho (1898)
- Willis Mickle House, 1415 N. 8th St., Boise, Idaho (1898)
- Herbert Dunton House, 906 W. Hays St, Boise, Idaho (1899, 1913)
- Mrs. W. B. Kurtz House, 439 W. 3rd St., Weiser, Idaho (1899, 1902)
- Morris Sommer House, 548 W. 2nd St., Weiser, Idaho (1899)
- A. B. Anderson House, 547 W. 1st St., Weiser, Idaho (1900)
- James Funsten House (Remodeling), 2420 Old Penitentiary Rd., Boise, Idaho (1900)
- Herman Haas House, 253 W. Idaho St., Weiser, Idaho (1900)
- Charles Paynton House, 1213 N. 8th St., Boise, Idaho (1900)
- Nathan Smith House, 2315 S. Broadway Ave., Boise, Idaho (1900)
- Union Block, 720 W. Idaho St., Boise, Idaho (1900–01)
- Marion Allsup House, 1601 N. 10th St., Boise, Idaho (1901)
John E. Tourtellotte & Company, 1901-1910
- H. E. McElroy House, 924 W. Fort St., Boise, Idaho (1901)
- Alva Fleharty House, 907 W. Hays St., Boise, Idaho (1902)
- Mackay Episcopal Church, Park Ave. & College St., Mackay, Idaho (1902)
- Walter Abbs House, 915 Fort St., Boise, Idaho (1903)
- Ada Odd Fellows Temple, 109-115 N. 9th St., Boise, Idaho (1903) - Demolished.
- Gymnasium and Armory, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho (1903)
- Bernard Haas House, 377 E. Main St., Weiser, Idaho (1903)
- Louis Kieldson Duplex, 413-415 Jefferson St., Boise, Idaho (1903)
- Axel Nixon House, 815 N. Hays St., Boise, Idaho (1903)
- Mary Elizabeth Sommercamp House, 411 W. 3rd St., Weiser, Idaho (1903)
- J. N. Wallace House, 1202 Franklin St,, Boise, Idaho (1903–05)
- Albert Beck House, 1101 Fort St., Boise, Idaho (1904)
- Carnegie Public Library, 815 Washington St., Boise, Idaho (1904–05)
- James Davies House, 1107 W. Washington St., Boise, Idaho (1904)
- Harry K. Fritchman House, 1207 W. Hays St., Boise, Idaho (1904)
- John Haines House, 919 W. Hays St., Boise, Idaho (1904)
- T. J. Jones Apartments, 10th & Fort Sts., Boise, Idaho (1904)
- Pythian Castle, 30 E. Idaho St., Weiser, Idaho (1904)
- Ross Fork Episcopal Church, Mission Rd., Fort Hall, Idaho (1904)
- A. K. Steunenberg House, 409 N. Kimball Ave., Caldwell, Idaho (1904)
- Bishop's Residence, 804 N. 8th St., Boise, Idaho (1905–06)
- Henry N. Coffin House, 1403 W. Franklin St., Boise, Idaho (1905)
- Joseph Kinney Mausoleum, Morris Hill Cemetery, Boise, Idaho (1905)
- Dr. J. R. Numbers House, 240 W. Main St., Weiser, Idaho (1905)
- R. K. Davis House, 1016 Franklin St., Boise, Idaho (1906)
- Idaho State Capitol Building, 700 W. Jefferson St., Boise, Idaho (1906–12, 1920)
- Mitchell Hotel, 10th & Front Sts., Boise, Idaho (1906) - Demolished.
- Mrs. A. F. Rossi House, 1711 Boise Ave., Boise, Idaho (1906)
- Cathedral of St. John the Evangelist, 775 N. 8th St., Boise, Idaho (1906–21)
- H. A. Schmelzel House, 615 W. Hays St., Boise, ID (1906)
- Administration Building, University of Idaho, Moscow, Idaho (1907–09)
- Eaton Hall, Willamette University, Salem, Oregon (1907–08)
- Idaho Grocery Warehouses, 1209 Main St., Lewiston, Idaho (1907, 1911)
- Rosedale Odd Fellows Temple, 1755 Broadway, Boise, Idaho (1907)
- Trinity Episcopal Church, 7th & Idaho Sts., Gooding, Idaho (1907)
- Boise High School, Washington St., Boise, Idaho (1908, 1912, 1921)
- Fred Hottes House, 509 W. Hays St., Boise, Idaho (1908)
- N. Adolph Jacobsen Building, 40 N. Main St., Payette, Idaho (1908)
- Montandon Building, 722 W. Idaho Street, Boise, Idaho (1908)
- Mountain Home Baptist Church, 265 N. 4th St. E., Mountain Home, Idaho (1908)
- Albert Wolters Duplexes, 712-716 and 720-722 N. 8th St., Boise, Idaho (1908–09)
- Woodward Building, 23 8th St,, Payette, Idaho (1908)
- F. T. Bliss House, E. 2nd & McKinley Sts., Emmett, Idaho (1909)
- Fred Brunzell House, 916 W. Franklin St., Boise, Idaho (1909)
- John Green Mausoleum, Morris Hill Cemetery, Boise, Idaho (1909)
- Lewiston City Hall, 207 3rd St., Lewiston, Idaho (1909)
- G. V. Nesbit House, 308 W. Liberty St., Weiser, Idaho (1909)
- W. A. Simpson House, 1004 N. 10 St., Boise, Idaho (1909)
- B. S. Varian House, 241 Main St., Weiser, Idaho (1909)
- C. H. Waymire Building, 1521 N. 13th St., Boise, Idaho (1909)
- Idaho Building, 280 N. 8th St., Boise, Idaho (1910) - With Henry J. Schlacks.
- Archie Larsen House, Larsen Rd, Weiser, Idaho (1910) - Demolished.
- Lewiston Vineyards Gates, 18th Ave. & 10th St., Lewiston, Idaho (1910)
Tourtellotte & Hummel, 1910-1930
John E. Tourtellotte, 1930-1937
- Portland City Hall, Portland, Oregon (1933) - Not built.
Tourtellotte & Phillips (1937-1939)
- Gresham High School (Remodeling), N. Main Ave., Gresham, Oregon (1939–40)
- Linn County Courthouse, 300 SW 1st Ave., Albany, Oregon (1939–40)
- Patricia Wright (September 22, 1982). "Tourtellotte and Hummel Architecture Thematic Resources". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- History of Idaho. French, Hiriam T. The Lewis Publishing Company, 1914.
- George T. Murphy (May 5, 1979). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory – Nomination Form: John Jacob Astor Hotel" (PDF). National Park Service. Item 8, p. 2. Retrieved October 10, 2013.
- "Death Summons Noted Architect" (May 10, 1939). The Oregonian, p. 11.
- "John E Tourtellotte: A Western Visionary" (PDF). About the History of Idaho's Capitol. Idaho Capitol Commission. p. 2. Retrieved December 13, 2013. (Note: The full essay is also included in the same PDF document, near the end.)
- University of Idaho - special collections - UI buildings - A - accessed 2010-03-23
- "Multnomah County OR Archives Biographies". files.usgwarchives.net. The S. J. Clarke Publishing Company.
- "Guide to the Fletcher P. Homan papers 1902–1923 at the Mark O. Hatfield Library". Northwest Digital Archives. Retrieved July 25, 2011.
- Engineering News-Record 1939: 108.
- Western Architect and Engineer 1939: 55.