John Eaton (general)
For other people named John Eaton, see John Eaton (disambiguation).
|John Eaton, Jr.|
|Born||December 5, 1829
Sutton, New Hampshire
|Died||February 9, 1906 (aged 76)
|Allegiance||United States of America
|Rank||Brevet Brigadier General|
|Battles/wars||American Civil War|
Eaton was born in Sutton, New Hampshire, and attended Thetford Academy in Vermont. He graduated from Dartmouth College in 1854, studied at Andover Theological Seminary, and was ordained in 1862 to the Presbyterian ministry.
Eaton served in the Union Army during the American Civil War. In November 1862, after Lincoln's preliminary Emancipation Proclamation, Maj. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant ordered units under his command, headed by Eaton, to incorporate contraband African American slaves into the Union war effort, giving them clothes, shelter, and wages for their services.  In November 1863, Grant appointed him as the Superintendent of Negro Affairs for the Department of the Tennessee; there Eaton supervised the establishment of 74 schools. In 1863, Eaton was made colonel of the 63rd Regiment of Colored Infantry, and, in 1865, he was advanced to brevet brigadier general.
General Eaton edited the Memphis Daily Post in 1866–1869. He was appointed United States Commissioner of Education in 1870 and served with great efficiency in the Bureau of Education. Commissioner Eaton also reorganized the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands.
In 1886–1891, Eaton was president of Marietta College, and, in 1895, he was appointed president of Sheldon Jackson College in Sitka, Alaska. In 1898, he became inspector of education in Puerto Rico and played a role in the centralization of its educational system. His educational writings dealt largely with the education of freedmen. Eaton also wrote a history of Thetford Academy. He died in Washington, D.C., where John Eaton Elementary School is named for him.
- Eicher, John H., and Eicher, David J., Civil War High Commands, Stanford University Press, 2001, ISBN 0-8047-3641-3.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gilman, D. C.; Thurston, H. T.; Moore, F., eds. (1905). "article name needed". New International Encyclopedia (1st ed.). New York: Dodd, Mead.
- Eicher, p. 222.
- Flood, p. 133.
- President Rutherford B. Hayes on U.S. Commissioner of Education John Eaton: Original Letter Shapell Manuscript Foundation
|United States Commissioner of Education
Nathaniel H. R. Dawson
||President of Marietta College
||President of Sheldon Jackson College
|This biographical article related to the United States Army is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|
|This article about a person of the American Civil War is a stub. You can help Wikipedia by expanding it.|