John Eberhard Faber
John Eberhard Faber
|Died||March 2, 1879 (aged 56)|
John Eberhard Faber (sometimes Johann Eberhard Faber; December 6, 1822 – March 2, 1879) was a German-born American manufacturer of pencils in New York.
Johann Eberhard Faber was born on December 6, 1822 in the village of Stein, near the city of Nuremberg, in Bavaria. His father, George Leonard Faber, was a descendant of the famous Faber family, one of ancient lineage in Bavaria engaged in the profession of manufacturing lead pencils.
He moved to the United States in 1848 and opened a stationery store at 133 William Street in New York in 1849. He moved the store to 718-720 Broadway in 1877.
In 1852, he started to export red cedar logs to the Faber pencil factories in Stein, having realized that the red cedar available in America was ideal for lead pencils.
In 1861, he opened the first lead pencil factory along the East River, between 41st and 43rd streets, Midtown Manhattan. The factory was established under the name of Eberhard Faber. In 1872, a fire destroyed the factory in Manhattan, and the new Eberhard Faber Pencil Factory was built on a site on Kent and West streets in Greenpoint, Brooklyn. The new factory was designed for expansion and by the time Faber died his factory was the largest of its kind in United States and the Faber name was known all over the world.
Marriage and family
On July 1, 1854, Eberhard Faber married Jenny Haag, who was born on November 23, 1836, in Munich. She was the daughter of Ludwig and Johanna (Mangstel) Haag, members of old Bavarian families. They had six children:
- Bertha, born April 11, 1856.
- Sophia, born August 14, 1857.
- John Eberhard, born March 14, 1859.
- Lothar W., born September 27, 1861.
- Louise, born January 2, 1866.
- Rosie, born February 3, 1871.
- The National Cyclopaedia of American Biography. XIV. James T. White & Company. 1910. pp. 267–268. Retrieved December 16, 2020 – via Google Books.
- Presa, Donald G. (October 30, 2007). "Eberhard Faber Pencil Company Historic District Designation Report" (PDF). New York City Landmarks Preservation Commission. Retrieved June 27, 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Herringshaw, Thomas William (1909). Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography. American Publishers' Association. p. 411. OCLC 3152314.
- No. 335 Riverside Drive: The Pencil Baron — NY Times
- Ferreri, James G. (July 30, 2008). "Part of The Pencil King's story was written on S.I." Staten Island Advance.
- "Mr. Eberhard Faber's Death; The Man Who Built the First Lead-Pencil Factory in America – A Sketch of His Career". New York Times. March 4, 1879.