John Eberhard Faber
|John Eberhard Faber|
December 6, 1822|
Stein Bavaria, Germany
|Died||March 2, 1879
New York City, U.S.
John Eberhard Faber (sometimes Johann Eberhard Faber) (December 6, 1822 – March 2, 1879), was a German-born American manufacturer of pencils in New York and the first person to establish a large scale pencil factory in the U.S..
Johann Eberhard Faber was born on December 6, 1822 in the village of Stein, near the city of Nuremberg, in Bavaria. His father, George Leonard Faber, was a descendant of the famous Faber family, one of ancient lineage in Bavaria engaged in the profession of manufacturing lead pencils.
He moved to the United States in 1848 and in 1849, opened a stationery store at No. 133 William Street, NYC. The store was later moved to Nos. 718-720 Broadway in 1877.
In 1852, he started to export red cedar logs to the Faber pencil factories in Stein, having realized that the red cedar available in America was ideal for lead pencils.
In 1861, he opened the first lead pencil factory along the East River, between 41st and 43rd Streets, New York City. The factory was established under the name of Eberhard Faber.
In 1872, a fire destroyed the factory in New York City, hence a new improved factory was built on a site on Kent and West streets in the Greenpoint district of Brooklyn. The new factory was designed for expansion and by the time Faber died his factory was the largest of its kind in United States and the Faber name was known all over the world.
Marriage and family
On July 1, 1854, Eberhard Faber married Jenny Haag, who was born on November 23, 1836, in Munich. She was the daughter of Ludwig and Johanna (Mangstel) Haag, members of old Bavarian families. They had six children:
- Bertha, born April 11, 1856.
- Sophia, born August 14, 1857.
- John Eberhard, born March 14, 1859.
- Lothar W., born September 27, 1861.
- Louise, born January 2, 1866.
- Rosie, born February 3, 1871.
In 1879, after his father's death, John Eberhard, Jr. took charge of the Eberhard Faber company.
- "Eberhard Faber Pencil Company Historic District Designation Report" (PDF). NYCLPC. Retrieved 14 June 2016.
- Herringshaw, Thomas William (1909). Herringshaw's National Library of American Biography. American Publishers' Association. p. 411. OCLC 3152314.
- No. 335 Riverside Drive: The Pencil Baron — NY Times
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