John Eccles (composer)
Born in London, eldest son of professional musician Solomon Eccles, John Eccles was appointed to the King's Private Music in 1694, and in 1700 became Master of the King's Musick. Also in 1700 he finished second in a competition to write music for William Congreve's masque The Judgement of Paris (John Weldon won).
Eccles was very active as a composer for the theatre, and from the 1690s wrote a large amount of incidental music including music for Congreve's Love for Love, John Dryden's The Spanish Friar and William Shakespeare's Macbeth. Jointly with Henry Purcell he wrote incidental music for Thomas d'Urfey's Don Quixote. He became a composer to Drury Lane theatre in 1693 and when some of the actors broke off to form their own company at Lincoln's Inn Fields in 1695, he composed music for them as well.
Eccles also wrote music for the coronation of Queen Anne and a number of songs. Many of his most famous songs, such as "I burn, I burn" were composed for the actress-singer Anne Bracegirdle to perform. Recognizing Eccles’s ability to write for her needs, Mrs Bracegirdle, undoubtedly under his tutelage, thereafter sang only his music. Eccles also wrote an all-sung English opera Semele with text by Congreve, but it was not staged until the 20th century. Congreve's libretto would later serve as the basis for George Frideric Handel's Semele (1744).
For much of the later part of his life, Eccles lived in Kingston upon Thames and wrote additional incidental music (though not as frequently as he had for Lincoln's Inn Fields) as well as the occasional court ode. He is reported to have spent much of his time fishing.
Until recently Eccles’s music has been largely unavailable.
Now, however, a modern edition of the works of John Eccles is now in progress under the general editorship of Michael Burden, Amanda Eubanks Winkler, Alan Howard, and Kathryn Lowerre, and published by A-R Editions. The edition so far has produced Music for Macbeth edited by Amanda Eubanks Winkler; The Judgement of Paris edited by Eric Harbeson; Rinaldo and Armida edited by Steven Plank; Incidental Music Part 1 edited by Amanda Eubanks Winkler; and Europe’s Revels for the Peace of Ryswick edited by Michael Burden.
Eccles’s major opera, Semele, can be found in volume 76 of Musica Britannica, edited by Richard Platt.
- http://www.oxfordmusiconline.com – John Eccles.
- Stephen, Leslie, ed. (1888). . Dictionary of National Biography. 16. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
- Amanda, Eubanks Winkler (2018). "The Intermedial Dramaturgy of Dramatick Opera: Understanding Genre through Performance". Restoration: Studies in English Literary Culture, 1660-1700. 42: 13–38.
- Free scores by John Eccles at the International Music Score Library Project (IMSLP)
- Free scores by John Eccles in the Choral Public Domain Library (ChoralWiki)
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