John Edward Williams
|Born||August 29, 1922|
Wichita Falls, Texas, US
|Died||March 3, 1994 (aged 71)|
|Notable works||Butcher's Crossing (1960)|
|Notable awards||National Book Award |
John Edward Williams (August 29, 1922 – March 3, 1994) was an American author, editor and professor. He was best known for his novels Butcher's Crossing (1960), Stoner (1965), and Augustus (1972), which won a U.S. National Book Award.
Williams was raised in Clarksville, Texas. His grandparents were farmers; his stepfather was a janitor in a post office. Williams attended a local junior college for a year, and then worked in media before joining the war effort in early 1942 by enlisting in the United States Army Air Force. He spent two and a half years as a sergeant in India and Burma. During his enlistment in Calcutta, he wrote pages of a novel, which later became Nothing But the Night, published in 1948 by Swallow Press and later reissued by New York Review Books Classics.
At the end of the war, Williams moved to Denver, Colorado, and enrolled in the University of Denver, receiving Bachelor of Arts (1949) and Master of Arts (1950) degrees. During his time at the University of Denver, his first two books were published, Nothing But the Night (1948), a novel depicting the terror and waywardness resulting from an early traumatic experience, and The Broken Landscape (1949), a collection of poetry. Upon completing his MA, Williams enrolled at the University of Missouri, where he taught and worked on his Ph.D. in English literature, which he obtained in 1954. In the fall of 1955, Williams returned to the University of Denver as an assistant professor, becoming director of the creative-writing program. His second novel, Butcher's Crossing (Macmillan, 1960) depicts frontier life in 1870s Kansas.
In 1963, Williams edited and wrote the introduction for the anthology English Renaissance Poetry: A Collection of Shorter Poems from Skelton to Jonson (Doubleday). The publication elicited a backlash from poet and literary critic Yvor Winters who claimed that Williams's anthology overlapped with his canon and the introduction imitated his arguments. The publishers agreed to include an acknowledgement to Winters in the publication.
Williams's second collection of poems, The Necessary Lie (1965), was issued by Verb Publications. He was the founding editor of the University of Denver Quarterly (later Denver Quarterly), which was first issued in 1965. He remained as editor until 1970.
His third novel, Stoner, detailing the tragic life of a University of Missouri English assistant professor, was published by Viking Press in 1965. It was reissued in 2005 by NYRB Classics to widespread critical acclaim. It was subsequently translated and published throughout Europe and beginning in 2011, became a best seller in France, the Netherlands, Italy, Israel, and the UK.
His fourth novel, Augustus (Viking, 1972), a rendering of the violent times of Augustus Caesar in Rome, also remains in print. On the year of its release, it shared the National Book Award for Fiction with Chimera by John Barth, the first time that the award was split.
Williams retired from the University of Denver in 1985 and died of respiratory failure in 1994 at home in Fayetteville, Arkansas. He was survived by his wife and descendants. A fifth novel, The Sleep of Reason, was unfinished at the time of his death, but two lengthy excerpts were published in Ploughshares and the Denver Quarterly in 1981 and 1986, respectively.
Williams loved the study of literature. In a 1986 interview, he was asked, "And literature is written to be entertaining?" to which he replied emphatically, "Absolutely. My God, to read without joy is stupid."
Reception and legacy
The critic Morris Dickstein has noted that while Butcher's Crossing, Stoner, and Augustus are each "strikingly different in subject," they all "show a similar narrative arc: a young man's initiation, vicious male rivalries, subtler tensions between men and women, fathers and daughters, and finally a bleak sense of disappointment, even futility." Dickstein called Stoner "something rarer than a great novel—it is a perfect novel, so well told and beautifully written, so deeply moving, it takes your breath away."
In his introduction to Stoner, the author John McGahern wrote, "There is entertainment of a very high order to be found in Stoner, what Williams himself describes as 'an escape into reality' as well as pain and joy. The clarity of the prose is in itself an unadulterated joy."
In 2018, a biography of Williams written by Charles J. Shields titled The Man Who Wrote the Perfect Novel: John Williams, Stoner, and the Writing Life was published by the University of Texas Press.
Stoner has been translated into many languages, including Spanish, French, Italian, German, Dutch, and Portuguese. The acclaimed novelist Anna Gavalda translated Williams's novel into French, which has contributed to its enthusiastic reception by the French literary establishment.
- Nothing But the Night (1948)
- Butcher's Crossing (1960)
- Stoner (1965)
- Augustus (1972) —shared the National Book Award
- The Broken Landscape: Poems (1949)
- The Necessary Lie (1965)
- Edited Anthology
- English Renaissance Poetry: A Collection of Shorter Poems from Skelton to Jonson (1963)
- "John Williams, 71, a Novelist, Editor and Professor of English", Wolfgang Saxon, The New York Times, March 5, 1994.
"National Book Awards – 1973". National Book Foundation. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
(An essay by Harold Augenbraum from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog. (from Internet Archive) The Williams essay includes Augenbraum's discussion of the split award.)
- Leo Robson, "John Williams and the Canon That Might Have Been," The New Yorker, March 18, 2019.
- "Butcher’s Crossing: John Williams, introduction by Michelle Latiolais". Retail sales page for NYRB Classics. New York Review Books. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- "How the NYRB Chooses Its Reissues: The Story of Stoner". Literary Hub. 2016-04-04. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
- Stoner: John Williams, introduction by John McGahern". Retail sales page for NYRB Classics. New York Review Books. Retrieved 2012-03-30.
- "The Inner Lives of Men", Morris Dickstein, The New York Times, June 17, 2007.
- "You Should Seriously Read ‘Stoner’ Right Now", Steve Almond, The New York Times Magazine, May 9, 2014.
- The Man Who Wrote the Perfect Novel John Williams, Stoner, and the Writing Life By Charles J. Shields. University of Texas Press. 2 October 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
- "Nonfiction Book Review: The Man Who Wrote the Perfect Novel: John Williams, 'Stoner,' and the Writing Life by Charles J. Shields". Publishers Weekly. 18 June 2018. Retrieved 3 August 2020.
- "MRS. Stoner Speaks: An Interview with Nancy Gardner Williams". 20 February 2019.
- "Decades Later And Across An Ocean, A Novel Gets Its Due". NPR.org. Retrieved 2019-03-26.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to: John Edward Williams|
- John Williams Papers at the University of Arkansas
- Obituary. The New York Times
- "The Greatest American Novel You've Never Heard of". The New Yorker
- "John Williams and the Canon that Might Have Been". The New Yorker
- Myers, D.G. "Defeats and Victories Not Recorded in the Annals of History," Commentary Magazine. Retrieved 9 January 2015