John Egerton, 7th Earl of Bridgewater

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Earl of Bridgewater.

John William Egerton, 7th Earl of Bridgewater FRS (14 April 1753 – 21 October 1823), known as John Egerton until 1803, was a British cavalry officer, and Tory politician from the Egerton family.[1]

Biography[edit]

Egerton was the eldest son of the Right Reverend John Egerton, Bishop of Durham, and the grandson of the Right Reverend Henry Egerton, Bishop of Hereford, youngest son of John Egerton, 3rd Earl of Bridgewater. His mother was Lady Anne Sophia Grey.

He joined the British Army in 1771 and was promoted to captain in 1776, to major in 1779, to lieutenant-colonel in 1790. He was promoted to colonel of 7th Light Dragoons in 1793. He was moved to be Colonel of 14th Light Dragoons serving under Major-general Craufurd during the Peninsular War to great acclaim. He remained colonel of the regiment for the rest of his life. Egerton was promoted to major-general in 1795, to lieutenant-general in 1802 and to full general in 1812.[2]

Egerton also sat as a Tory Member of Parliament for Morpeth from 1777 to 1780 and for Brackley from 1780 to 1803.[1] The latter year, on the death of his first cousin once removed, Francis Egerton, 3rd Duke of Bridgewater, he succeeded as seventh Earl of Bridgewater. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1808.[2]

Egerton was invested as a Fellow, Society of Antiquaries (F.S.A.) on 4 February 1808.[2] Lord Bridgewater died in October 1823, aged 70.[2]

On 14 January 1783 Egerton married Charlotte Catherine Anne (died 1849 aged 85[3]), only daughter and heir of Samuel Haynes. Their marriage was childless,[2] and therefore his younger brother Francis inherited the title of Earl of Bridgewater. Egerton left his estates in Bedfordshire, Buckinghamshire, Cheshire, Durham, Flint, Hertfordshire, Middlesex, Northamptonshire, Oxfordshire, Salop and Yorkshire to John, Viscount Alford, provided he had managed to become Duke or Marquess of Bridgwater with a suitable remainder. John did not fulfil the proviso in the will, failing in court to persuade the judge. However his heir got the clause declared illegal, so the 2nd Earl Brownlow commenced a damaging and lengthy case of litigation that in 1851 resulted in the Egerton family forfeiting the estates.[citation needed]

Monuments and memorials[edit]

The Bridgewater Chapel at St. Peter and St. Paul Church, Little Gaddesden, where many Egerton family members are buried

Lord Bridgewater is commemorated by a memorial at the Bridgewater Chapel at St. Peter and St. Paul Church, Little Gaddesden. In the early 17th century, Thomas Egerton, 1st Viscount Brackley, had purchased Ashridge House, one of the largest country houses in England, from Queen Elizabeth I, who had inherited it from her father who had appropriated it after the dissolution of the monasteries in 1539. Ashridge House served the Egerton family as a residence until the 19th century. The Egertons later had a family chapel with burial vault in Little Gaddesden Church,[4] where many monuments commemorate the Dukes and Earls of Bridgewater and their families.[5]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Namier 1964.
  2. ^ a b c d e Lundy 2011, p. 15192 § 151911 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 315
  3. ^ Lundy 2011, p. 15192 § 151912 cites Cokayne 2000, p. 315
  4. ^ Bridgewater Chapel 2015.
  5. ^ Monuments 2015.

References[edit]

  • Namier, Sir Lewis (1964), "Egerton, John William (1753-1823), of Albemarle St., London", in Namier, L.; Brooke, J., The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790, Boydell and Brewer 
  • Bridgewater Chapel, Little Gaddesden Church, 10 February 2015, retrieved 11 April 2017 
  • Monuments, Little Gaddesden Church, 10 February 2015, retrieved 11 April 2017 
  • Lundy, Darryl (19 July 2011), General John William Egerton, 7th Earl of Bridgwater, p. 15192 § 151911, 151912, retrieved 11 April 2017  cites:
    • Cokayne, G.E.; et al., eds. (2000), The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, II (reprint in 6 volumes ed.), Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, p. 315 

External links[edit]

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Peter Delmé
Gilbert Elliot
Member of Parliament for Morpeth
with Peter Delmé

1777–1780
Succeeded by
Peter Delmé
Anthony Morris Storer
Preceded by
William Egerton
Timothy Caswall
Member of Parliament for Brackley
17801801
Served alongside: Timothy Caswall 1780–1789
Samuel Haynes 1789–1801
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Member of Parliament for Brackley
1801–1803
Served alongside: Samuel Haynes 1801–1802
Robert Haldane Bradshaw 1802–1803
Succeeded by
Robert Haldane Bradshaw
Anthony Henderson
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Francis Egerton
Earl of Bridgewater
2nd creation
1803–1823
Succeeded by
Francis Henry Egerton
Military offices
Preceded by
Robert Sloper
Colonel of the 14th (The Duchess of York's Own)
Regiment of (Light) Dragoons

1797–1823
Succeeded by
Sir John Ormsby Vandeleur