John Ellor Taylor
John Ellor Taylor (1837–1895) was an English popular science writer, journalist and museum curator.
The eldest son of William Taylor (died 1864), foreman in a Lancashire cotton-factory, and his wife Maria (born Ellor), he was born at Levenshulme, near Manchester, on 21 September 1837. He received no education except some desultory instruction at a school held in the Wesleyan chapel, which he supplemented by private study. About 1850 he obtained a situation as store-boy at the locomotive works of the London and North-Western railway at Longsight. Two years later he was bound apprentice as a fitter and turner at the same works.
Encouraged by the locomotive superintendent, Mr. Ramsbottom, Taylor applied himself to Latin, Greek, and the natural sciences, and when seventeen began to attend evening classes at the Manchester Mechanics' Institute. A year later he became lay preacher for the Wesleyans, but on account of his scientific opinions he had to abandon his notion of becoming a minister. After a brief stay in the engineer draughtsman's office at the Crewe works, he obtained in 1863 a position as sub-editor on the Norwich Mercury under Richard Noverre Bacon. Subsequently he became editor of the Norwich People's Journal, or People's Weekly Journal, an offshoot of the Mercury, and under him the Journal became a success.
From 1858 onwards Taylor was a popular lecturer on science. In conjunction with John Gunn he established the Norwich Geological Society in 1864. In 1869 Taylor was elected to the Geological Society and also founded the Ipswich Science Gossip Society. The following year he founded a second Science Gossip Society in Norwich. In 1872 he was appointed by the corporation of Ipswich curator of the museum in that town. Fellowship of the Linnean Society was granted in June 1873. The duties of this post included the delivery of lectures. He also lectured in many parts of the country, and went on a lecturing tour in Australia during 1885.
Through failing health Taylor was compelled to resign his post in 1893. He died in Ipswich on 28 September 1895. He married on 22 January 1867, at Stoke Holy Cross, Sarah Harriet, youngest daughter of William Bellamy, headmaster of the boys' model school, Norwich.
Taylor was author of works on scientific subjects of a popular character. They include:
- Geological Essays, and Sketch of the Geology of Manchester, London, 1864.
- Half-hours at the Seaside, London, 1872; other editions in 1878 and 1890.
- Half-hours in the Green Lanes, London, 1872; 7th edit. 1890.
- Mountain and Moor, for the series entitled Natural History Rambles, London, 1879.
- The Aquarium: its Inhabitants, London, 1876; 2nd edit. 1881.
- Our Island Continent: a Naturalist's Holiday in Australia, London, 1886.
He was also editor of Hardwicke's Science Gossip, to which he contributed, from 1872 to 1893, and wrote some twelve papers, mostly on geological subjects, that appeared in scientific journals between 1865 and 1883. He frequently sent articles to the Australasian and other periodicals.
- Woodward, Bernard Barham (1898). "Taylor, John Ellor". In Lee, Sidney. Dictionary of National Biography. 55. London: Smith, Elder & Co.
[Proc. Linn. Soc. 1872–3, p. xlviii; Science Gossip, new ser. ii. 210, with portrait; information kindly supplied by his brother William and his daughter Maud Taylor; East Anglian Daily Times, 30 Sept. 1895; Brit. Mus. Cat.; Roy. Soc. Cat.]
- Biographical article, see: S.J. Plunkett, 'Dr John Ellor Taylor: Guide, Philosopher and Friend,' Proc. Suffolk Institute of Archaeology XL Part 2, 2002, pp. 164-200. See also S.J. Plunkett, 'Taylor, John Ellor (1837-1895), curator and popularizer of science', Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (OUP 2004).
- Libraries & Information, East Midlands, 'People's Weekly Journal.
- "Suffolk Painters". www.suffolkpainters.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-02-09.
- England, Marriages, 1538–1973. Salt Lake City, Utah.