John Emerson (filmmaker)
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John Emerson gluing a moustache on Frank Stockdale in 1921
May 29, 1874
Sandusky, Ohio, United States
|Died||March 7, 1956 (aged 81)|
Pasadena, California, United States
|Resting place||Etna Cemetery, Etna, California|
|Occupation||Actor, playwright, director, producer, writer|
|Spouse(s)||Anita Loos (1919–1956) (his death)|
John Emerson (born Clifton Paden on May 29, 1874 – March 7, 1956) was an American stage actor, playwright, producer, and director of silent films (many featuring Douglas Fairbanks). Emerson was married to Anita Loos from June 15, 1919 until his death; prior to that they had functioned as a writing team for motion pictures and would continue to be credited jointly, even as Loos pursued independent projects.
Born and educated in Ohio, Emerson's earliest documented acting credits date from 1904, however like D. W. Griffith he probably played in regional stock companies before then. By 1912—the earliest known year for his involvement in film, as a writer—Emerson was working regularly as a director and writer on the Broadway stage. After periods with American Film Manufacturing Company, where he worked with Allan Dwan and Famous Players-Lasky, Emerson collaborated with George Nichols in making Ghosts, a Griffith production made for Reliance-Majestic Studios during the waning days of work on The Birth of a Nation. The result impressed Griffith to such an extent that Emerson stayed on as Reliance-Majestic changed its name to Fine Arts Film Company and came under the Triangle Film Corporation banner.
John Emerson became one Triangle's best-known directors, primarily after the partnership with writer Anita Loos began in 1916; Griffith also valued the pair as being among the best film editors in the business, and they also worked on editing Griffith's massive Intolerance in addition to light, breezy and athletic comedies starring Douglas Fairbanks. Emerson seemed to lose interest in direction around 1919, and afterward worked as a producer and writer, though commonly in projects more readily associated with Loos' taste than his own. Loos wrote extensively, and often disparagingly, of Emerson in her memoirs, but in her early career insisted on maintaining the appearance of partnership with Emerson even if there was none. Emerson's later years were marked by mental illness and long institutionalizations; Loos never divorced him.
Although Anita Loos' memoirs may not paint Emerson in the most flattering of terms, the silent films he directed from 1915–19 were important ones. Most of them survive, and several—notably The Mystery of the Leaping Fish and The Americano—remain among the most frequently seen films from this period.
He was president of the Actors' Equity Association from 1920 to 1928.
- Geronimo's Last Raid (1912, writer)
- Ghosts (1915, director)
- Old Heidelberg (1915, director)
- The Failure (1915, actor)
- His Picture in the Papers (1916, director)
- The Flying Torpedo (1916, director)
- Macbeth (1916, director)
- The Mystery of the Leaping Fish (1916, director)
- Less Than the Dust (1916, director)
- The Americano (1917, director)
- In Again, Out Again (1917, director)
- Wild and Woolly (1917, director)
- The Isle of Conquest (1919, writer)
- A Virtuous Vamp (1919, writer)
- Mama's Affair (1921, writer)
- Woman's Place (1921, scenario)
- Red Hot Romance (1922, writer)
- Dulcy (1923, writer)
- Camille (1926) (short subject; as guest along with Anita Loos)
- Gentlemen Prefer Blondes (1928, writer)
- The Fall of Eve (1929, story)
- The Struggle (1931, co-scenario with Loos)
- San Francisco (1936, producer)
- Saratoga (1937, producer)
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