John Evans (archaeologist)

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Sir John Evans
Sir John Evans.jpg
John Evans (archaeologist)
Born17 November 1823
Died31 May 1908 (1908-06-01) (aged 84)
NationalityEnglish
AwardsLyell Medal (1880)
Scientific career
FieldsArchaeology
Geology
InfluencedArthur Evans

Sir John Evans KCB FRS FSA (17 November 1823 – 31 May 1908) was an English archaeologist and geologist.

Biography[edit]

John Evans, son of the Rev. A. B. Evans, was born at Britwell Court, Buckinghamshire. At the age of seventeen he started to work for the paper-manufacturing business of John Dickinson & Co. Ltd at Nash Mills (Hemel Hempstead, Hertfordshire). The company had been founded by his uncle and later father-in-law John Dickinson (1782–1869), who was also its senior partner. In 1850 Evans was admitted as a partner in the company and did not retire from active management until 1885.

Apart from his managerial work John Evans was also a distinguished antiquary, archaeologist and numismatist. He was president of the following societies and institutions:

He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1864 and for twenty years (1878–1898) he was treasurer of the Royal Society. He was appointed High Sheriff of Hertfordshire for 1881.[1]

As President of the Society of Antiquaries he was an ex officio trustee of the British Museum and subsequently he became a permanent trustee. His academic honors included honorary degrees from several universities and he was a corresponding member of the Institut de France. He was created a KCB (Knight of the Order of the Bath) in 1892. Most of his very large personal archaeological collection was given to the Ashmolean Museum in Oxford by his son Arthur. The Anglo-Saxon jewelled "Ixworth Cross" and "Tostock Buckle" are two of the outstanding objects.[2] His library was left to the Bodleian Library.[3] A collection of Iron Age antiquities Evans and Sir John Lubbock excavated at the site of Hallstatt in Austria is now in the British Museum's collection.[4][5]

He lived at Britwell on Castle Hill in Berkhamsted[6] where he died in 1908.

Works[edit]

He was the author of three books, in their day standards in their field:

  • The Coins of the Ancient Britons (1864);
  • The Ancient Stone Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain (1872); and
  • The Ancient Bronze Implements, Weapons and Ornaments of Great Britain and Ireland (1881).

He also wrote papers on archaeological and geological subjects, notably the papers on Flint Implements in the Drift communicated in 1860 and 1862 to Archæologia.

Family[edit]

John Evans

Evans was married three times, widowed twice, and had six children. His first wife was Harriet Ann Dickinson, daughter of John Dickinson, owner of the paper business, and Ann Dickinson, née Grover. They had five children:

Harriet died on 1 January 1858, and he married a cousin, Frances Phelps (1826–1890), the fourth daughter of Joseph Phelps and Elizabeth Phelps (née Dickinson). She died on 22 September 1890.

Then, on 9 July 1892, John married Maria Millington Lathbury (1856–1944) and they had a daughter Dame Joan Evans, a distinguished art historian of French and English medieval art. Her partly autobiographical book Time and Chance: The Story of Arthur Evans and His Forebears (1943) is an important source on her father.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sir John Evans: Learned Societies and Awards. University of Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2009
  2. ^ Sir John Evans's collections of artefacts – British. University of Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2009.
  3. ^ Evans's Book Collection. University of Oxford, Ashmolean Museum, 2009.
  4. ^ British Museum Collection
  5. ^ British Museum Collection
  6. ^ "The Mansion, Berkhamsted". British listed buildings. Retrieved 11 October 2015.

Publications[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]