John F. Bickford

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John F. Bickford
Born (1843-03-12)March 12, 1843
Tremont, Maine
Died April 28, 1927(1927-04-28) (aged 84)
Place of burial Mount Pleasant Cemetery, Gloucester, Massachusetts
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch United States Navy
Union Navy
Years of service 1862 - 1865
Rank Master's Mate
Battles/wars Battle of Cherbourg (1864)
Awards Medal of Honor

John F. Bickford (March 12, 1843 – April 28, 1927) received the Medal of Honor in the American Civil War.


Bickford was born in Tremont, Maine, and joined the Navy from Boston, Massachusetts in January 1862. He rose to the rank of captain of the top (roughly equivalent to the modern day rank of petty officer) and was assigned to the USS Kearsarge. He participated in the Kearsarge's historic engagement with the CSS Alabama on June 19, 1864. Bickford later received the Medal of Honor for heroism during this battle.

After the battle, he was promoted to Acting Master's Mate in July 1864. He was discharged from the Navy in June 1865. [1]

He was a companion of the Naval Order of the United States.

Bickford died on April 28, 1927. He is buried at Mount Pleasant Cemetery in Gloucester, Massachusetts.[2]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Rank and organization: Captain of the Top, U.S. Navy. Born: 1843, Tremont, Maine. Accredited to: Maine. G.O. No.: 45, December 31, 1864.


Served on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France, June 19, 1864. Acting as the first loader of the pivot gun during this bitter engagement Bickford exhibited marked coolness and good conduct and was highly recommended for his gallantry under fire by his divisional officer.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Massachusetts Soldiers, Sailors and Marines in the Civil War
  2. ^ Gaines, Nancy (July 3, 2011). "'Mustering' for the Civil War, 150 years ago". Gloucester Daily Times. Gloucester, Massachusetts. Archived from the original on October 10, 2012.