John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland

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The Earl of Westmorland

John Fane (Lawrence).jpg
John Fane by Thomas Lawrence c. 1806
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
In office
1789–1794
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterHon. William Pitt the Younger
Preceded byThe Marquess of Buckingham
Succeeded byThe Earl FitzWilliam
Lord Privy Seal
In office
1798–1806
MonarchGeorge III
Prime MinisterHon. William Pitt the Younger
Henry Addington
Preceded byThe Earl of Chatham
Succeeded byThe Viscount Sidmouth
In office
1807–1827
MonarchGeorge III
George IV
Prime MinisterThe Duke of Portland
Hon. Spencer Perceval
The Earl of Liverpool
Preceded byThe Lord Holland
Succeeded byThe Duke of Portland
Personal details
Born(1759-06-01)1 June 1759
Died15 December 1841(1841-12-15) (aged 82)
NationalityBritish
Political partyTory
Spouse(s)(1) Sarah Child
(1764–1793)
(2) Jane Saunders
(d. 1857)

John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland, KG, PC (1 June 1759 – 15 December 1841), styled Lord Burghersh between 1771 and 1774, was a British Tory politician of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, who served in most of the cabinets of the period, primarily as Lord Privy Seal.

Background[edit]

Westmorland was the son of John Fane, 9th Earl of Westmorland, and Augusta, daughter of Lord Montague Bertie. He succeeded in the earldom on the death of his father in 1774.[1]

Political career[edit]

In 1789 Westmorland was appointed Joint Postmaster General by William Pitt the Younger[1] and sworn of the Privy Council.[2] Already the same year he was appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland by Pitt, a post he held until 1794. On 18 February 1793, he was appointed a deputy lieutenant of Northamptonshire.[3] From 1795 to 1798 he was Master of the Horse under Pitt. The latter year Pitt made him Lord Privy Seal, a position he would hold under five prime Ministers (Pitt, Addington, Pitt again, Portland, Perceval and Liverpool) for the next 35 years, except between 1806 and 1807 when Lord Grenville was in office.[1]

Westmorland raised a Northamptonshire volunteer cavalry regiment in 1797, and was appointed its colonel on 20 April 1797.[4] He was later Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire between 1828 and 1841.[1] He was made a Knight of the Garter in 1793.[5]

Family[edit]

Detail of a mezzotint portrait by John Jones (circa 1745–1797) after George Romney of John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland, 1796.
Shield of arms of John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland, KG, PC
Arms: Quarterly, 1st and 4th, Azure three dexter gauntlets, backs afrontée or (for Fane); 2nd and 3rd, Argent three battering rams, barways in pale or, headed and garnished azure (for Bertie)

Lord Westmorland married Sarah Anne Child (28 August 1764 – 9 November 1793), the only daughter and heiress of wealthy banker, Robert Child, against her father's wishes, at Gretna Green on 20 May 1782.[1] Child consequently cut his daughter and her sons and their descendants out of his will, and made his daughter's daughters his heirs to prevent the Fanes from benefitting from this elopement. Their eldest daughter, Lady Sarah Sophia Fane (1785–1867), having thus been made testamentary heiress of her maternal grandfather, married George Child-Villiers, 5th Earl of Jersey, her husband assuming the additional surname of Child.[citation needed]

The Earl and Countess of Westmorland had one son and four daughters:

The Countess of Westmorland died relatively young in 1793, aged only 29, from undisclosed causes. Lord Westmorland married secondly Jane, daughter of Richard Huck-Saunders, in 1800.[1] After some years of marriage, they later separated and she lived at Brympton d'Evercy.[citation needed] By his second wife, he had three sons and two daughters, of whom only the eldest child Lady Georgiana Fane outlived both parents and inherited the Brympton estate.

  • Lady (Cicely Jane) Georgina Fane (25 January 1801 – 1875), died unmarried, leaving Brympton d'Evercy to her nephew Spencer Ponsonby-Fane
  • Hon. Charles Saunders John Fane (1802–1810)
  • Hon. Col. Henry Sutton Fane (1804–1857), died unmarried.
  • Hon. Montagu Augustus Villiers Fane (1805–1857), died unmarried.
  • Lady Evelina Fane (1807–1808)

Lord Westmorland died in December 1841, aged 82, and was succeeded in the earldom by his only son from his first marriage, John. The Countess of Westmorland died in March 1857.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g thepeerage.com John Fane, 10th Earl of Westmorland
  2. ^ "No. 13140". The London Gazette. 13 October 1789. p. 653.
  3. ^ "No. 13708". The London Gazette. 27 September 1794. p. 987.
  4. ^ "No. 14012". The London Gazette. 23 May 1797. p. 472.
  5. ^ "No. 13537". The London Gazette. 11 June 1793. p. 490.
  6. ^ genealogics.org Lady Sarah Fane
  7. ^ genealogics.org Lady Maria Fane
Political offices
Preceded by
The Lord Carteret
The Lord Walsingham
Postmaster General
1789
With: The Lord Walsingham
Succeeded by
The Lord Walsingham
The Earl of Chesterfield
Preceded by
The Marquess of Buckingham
Lord Lieutenant of Ireland
1789–1794
Succeeded by
The Earl FitzWilliam
Preceded by
The Duke of Montrose
Master of the Horse
1795–1798
Succeeded by
The Earl of Chesterfield
Preceded by
The Earl of Chatham
Lord Privy Seal
1798–1806
Succeeded by
The Viscount Sidmouth
Preceded by
The Lord Holland
Lord Privy Seal
1807–1827
Succeeded by
The Duke of Portland
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Marquess of Northampton
Lord Lieutenant of Northamptonshire
1828–1841
Succeeded by
The Marquess of Exeter
Peerage of England
Preceded by
John Fane
Earl of Westmorland
1774–1841
Succeeded by
John Fane