John Fitzwilliam (British Army officer)

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For other people with the same name, see John Fitzwilliam.
John Fitzwilliam
Born 1714
Died 31 July 1789
Allegiance  Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch  British Army
Rank General

General the Honourable John Fitzwilliam (1714 – 31 July 1789) was a British Army officer.

Biography[edit]

He was baptised on 28 March 1714, the third son of Richard Fitzwilliam, 5th Viscount Fitzwilliam and his wife Frances, daughter of Sir John Shelley, 3rd Baronet.[1][2] In 1724 he attended Westminster School,[1] and he served as a page of honour to the Prince of Wales, later King George II.[2]

Fitzwilliam entered the Army as a cornet in the Royal Horse Guards on 20 April 1732,[3] and was promoted to lieutenant in 1739.[1] In 1745 he was made a captain in the 1st Regiment of Foot Guards, with the rank of lieutenant-colonel in the Army,[4] and in 1746 he was made a groom of the bedchamber to the Duke of Cumberland. He served on Cumberland's staff in Flanders in 1747, and in 1754 was returned to Parliament on the prince's interest as member for New Windsor.[1]

On 12 November 1755 Fitzwilliam was made colonel of the 2nd (The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot,[5] and he was promoted to major-general in June 1759.[4] On 27 November 1760 he was transferred to the colonelcy of the 2nd Irish Horse, and he was promoted to lieutenant-general the following year.[1][4] The Duke of Cumberland died in 1766, and Fitzwilliam did not stand in the general election of 1768. He was promoted to general in 1778.[1]

On 17 October 1751 Fitzwilliam married Barbara, widow of William Cavendish and daughter of Edward Chandler, Bishop of Durham;[1] they had no children.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Mary M. Drummond, FITZWILLIAM, Hon. John (1714-89), of Merrion, co. Dublin, and Richmond, Surr. in The History of Parliament: the House of Commons 1754-1790 (1964). Online version accessed 26 January 2013.
  2. ^ a b c Patrick Cracroft-Brennan, FitzWilliam, Viscount (I, 1629 - 1833) in Cracroft's Peerage (2012). Accessed 26 January 2013.
  3. ^ A List of the Colonels, Lieutenant Colonels, Majors, Captains, Lieutenants and Ensigns of His Majesty's Forces (1740) page 6.
  4. ^ a b c Richard Cannon, Historical Record of the Fifth, or Princess Charlotte of Wales's Regiment of Dragoon Guards (1839) pages 92-93.
  5. ^ Richard Cannon, Historical Record of the Second, or Queen's Royal Regiment of Foot (1838) page 36.
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Henry Fox
Lord George Beauclerk
Member of Parliament for New Windsor
with Henry Fox 1754–1761
Augustus Keppel 1761–1768

1754–1768
Succeeded by
Augustus Keppel
Lord George Beauclerk
Military offices
Preceded by
Thomas Fowke
Colonel of the 2nd (The Queen's Royal) Regiment of Foot
1755–1760
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Montagu
Preceded by
The Earl Waldegrave
Colonel of the 2nd Regiment of Horse
(from 1788, the 5th Regiment of Dragoon Guards)

1760–1789
Succeeded by
John Douglas