John Fraser (academic)
|3rd President of the
Pennsylvania State University
|Preceded by||William Henry Allen|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Henry Burrowes|
|Chancellor of the
University of Kansas
Cromarty, Scotland, United Kingdom
|Died||June 4, 1878 (aged 54–55)
Allegheny, Pennsylvania, United States
|Alma mater||University of Aberdeen|
John Fraser (c. 1823 – June 4, 1878) was an American soldier and educator. He was the third president of the Pennsylvania State University, serving from 1866 until 1868, and the second Chancellor of the University of Kansas serving from 1867 to 1874.
Fraser was born in Cromarty, Scotland, and studied at Aberdeen University. He graduated with a master's degree in mathematics. He emigrated to Bermuda to teach and then relocated to New York City to take charge of a private school. In 1851, he moved to western Pennsylvania and became professor of mathematics at Jefferson College.
During the American Civil War, he enlisted in the 140th Pennsylvania Infantry in 1862 and rose through the ranks to be the regiment's colonel. He fought at the Battle of Gettysburg in the Wheatfield area, taking charge of the 140th when all the senior officers were incapacitated. He was taken as a prisoner of war during the Siege of Petersburg and incarcerated in Charleston, South Carolina.
In recognition of his service, on January 13, 1866, President Andrew Johnson nominated Fraser for appointment to the grade of brevet brigadier general of volunteers, to rank from March 13, 1865, and the United States Senate confirmed the appointment on March 12, 1866.
- John Fraser 1866-1868
- Connelley, William E. (1918). A Standard History of Kansas and Kansans. Chicago: Lewis Publishing Company. LCC F681.C75.
- Eicher, John H.; Eicher, David J. (2001). Civil War High Commands. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Mitchell, Allan. "John Fraser: 140th Pennsylvania Infantry". Scotsmen and Women who fought for the Union. Archived from the original on 2007-09-28. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
- McIntyre, Alastair. "Col. John Fraser". Scots around the world. Electric Scotland. Retrieved 2007-03-02.
William Henry Allen
|Pennsylvania State University President
1866 – 1868
Thomas Henry Burrowes
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