John G. Thompson
October 13, 1932 |
Ottawa, Kansas, U.S.
|Institutions||Harvard University (1961–62)
University of Chicago (1962–68)
University of Cambridge (1968–93)
University of Florida (1993–present)
|Alma mater||Yale University (B.A. 1955)
University of Chicago (Ph.D. 1959)
|Thesis||A Proof that a Finite Group with a Fixed-Point-Free Automorphism of Prime Order is Nilpotent (1959)|
|Doctoral advisor||Saunders MacLane|
|Doctoral students||R. L. Griess
|Notable awards||Cole Prize (1965)
Fields Medal (1970)
Fellow of the Royal Society (1979)
Senior Berwick Prize (1982)
Sylvester Medal (1985)
Wolf Prize (1992)
Poincaré Prize (1992)
National Medal of Science (2000)
Abel Prize (2008)
De Morgan Medal (2013)
John Griggs Thompson (born October 13, 1932) is a mathematician at the University of Florida noted for his work in the field of finite groups. He was awarded the Fields Medal in 1970, the Wolf Prize in 1992 and the 2008 Abel Prize, making him one of four mathematicians to achieve this (along with Pierre Deligne, John Milnor, and Jean-Pierre Serre).
He received his B.A. from Yale University in 1955 and his doctorate from the University of Chicago in 1959 under the supervision of Saunders Mac Lane. After spending some time on the Mathematics faculty at the University of Chicago, he moved in 1970 to the Rouse Ball Professorship in Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, England, and later moved to the Mathematics Department of the University of Florida as a Graduate Research Professor. He is currently a Professor Emeritus of Pure Mathematics at the University of Cambridge, and professor of mathematics at the University of Florida. He received the Abel Prize 2008 together with Jacques Tits.
Thompson's doctoral thesis introduced powerful and innovative techniques, and included the solution of a problem in finite group theory which had stood for around sixty years, the nilpotency of Frobenius kernels. At the time, this achievement was noted in The New York Times (though his university affiliation was stated incorrectly there).
Thompson became a key figure in the progress toward the classification of finite simple groups. In 1963, he and Walter Feit proved that all nonabelian finite simple groups are of even order (the Odd Order Paper, filling a whole issue of the Pacific Journal of Mathematics). This work was recognised by the award of the 1965 Cole Prize in Algebra of the American Mathematical Society. His monumental N-group papers classified all finite simple groups for which the normalizer of every non-identity solvable subgroup is solvable. This included, as a by-product, the classification of all minimal finite simple groups (simple groups for which every proper subgroup is solvable). This work had great influence on later developments in the classification of finite simple groups, and was quoted in the citation by Richard Brauer for the award of Thompson's Fields Medal in 1970 (Proceedings of the International Congress of Mathematicians, Nice, France, 1970).
The Thompson group Th is one of the 26 sporadic finite simple groups. Thompson also made major contributions to the inverse Galois problem. He found a criterion for a finite group to be a Galois group, that in particular implies that the monster simple group is a Galois group.
In 1971, Thompson was elected to the United States National Academy of Sciences. In 1982, he was awarded the Senior Berwick Prize of the London Mathematical Society, and in 1988, he received the honorary degree of Doctor of Science from the University of Oxford. Thompson was awarded the United States National Medal of Science in 2000. He is a Fellow of the Royal Society (United Kingdom), and a recipient of its Sylvester Medal in 1985. He is a member of the Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters.
- Feit–Thompson theorem
- McKay–Thompson series
- Quadratic pair
- Thompson factorization
- Thompson order formula
- Thompson subgroup
- Thompson transitivity theorem
- Thompson uniqueness theorem
- "Thompson and Tits share the Abel Prize for 2008". Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. 2008-05-17. Archived from the original on 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-05-20.
The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters has decided to award the Abel Prize for 2008 to John Griggs Thompson, University of Florida and Jacques Tits, Collège de France. This was announced by the Academy’s President, Ole Didrik Lærum, at a press conference in Oslo today. Thompson and Tits receives the Abel Prize “for their profound achievements in algebra and in particular for shaping modern group theory”.
- http://www.cecm.sfu.ca/organics/papers/lam/paper/html/NYTimes.html New York Times article, April 26, 1959.
- "Royal Society Sylvester Medalists". Retrieved 2 March 2014.
- "Gruppe 1: Matematiske fag" (in Norwegian). Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters. Retrieved 7 October 2010.
- O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "John G. Thompson", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews.
- John G. Thompson at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- List of mathematical articles by John G. Thompson
- Biography from the Abel Prize center