John Gary Evans
|John Gary Evans|
|Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Spartanburg County|
January 9, 1923 – January 13, 1925
|85th Governor of South Carolina|
December 4, 1894 – January 18, 1897
|Lieutenant||W. H. Timmerman|
|Preceded by||Benjamin Tillman|
|Succeeded by||William Haselden Ellerbe|
|Member of the South Carolina Senate from Aiken County|
November 22, 1892 – November 27, 1894
|Preceded by||John Murphy Bell|
|Succeeded by||Oliver Cromwell Jordan|
|Member of the South Carolina House of Representatives from Aiken County|
November 27, 1888 – November 22, 1892
October 15, 1863|
Cokesbury, South Carolina, C.S.A.
|Died||June 26, 1942
Spartanburg, South Carolina
|Alma mater||Union College|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
Evans was born in Cokesbury, South Carolina to an aristocratic and well-connected family. His father was Nathan George Evans, a Confederate general, and after his father died in 1868, he went to live in Edgefield with his uncle Martin Witherspoon Gary. After completing his secondary education in Cokesbury, he enrolled at Union College in Schenectady, New York. His uncle's death in 1881 forced him to withdraw from college due to financial constraints, but he would later graduate in 1883.
Admitted to the bar in 1887, Evans began the practice of law in Aiken and became known for his representation of poor farmers which led to the development of ties with John Lawrence Manning and Benjamin Tillman. He was elected in 1888 to the South Carolina House of Representatives at the age of 25 and elevated four years later in 1892 to the South Carolina Senate. His rapid political rise continued by being elected in 1894 as the 85th governor of South Carolina at the age of 31, youngest ever for a South Carolina governor. During his time as governor, Evans continued the policies of Tillman and presided over the constitution convention of 1895.
Pledging not to run for reelection as governor in 1896, Evans set his sights instead for the U.S. Senate race. He lost the election and his attempt for an open Senate seat in 1897 again proved equally unsuccessful. Frustrated, Evans volunteered as a major in the U.S. Army for the Spanish–American War in 1898 and helped create the civilian government of Havana. After the war, he resumed the practice of law in Spartanburg.
Later life and career
Further attempts at an open Senate seat in 1902 and 1908 proved futile and henceforward he focused his energies on internal Democratic politics. Three times he served as a delegate to the Democratic National Conventions in 1900, 1912 and 1916. In 1914, he became the chairman of the South Carolina Democratic State Executive Committee and from 1918 to 1928 was the National Democratic Committeeman from South Carolina. Evans won a term to the South Carolina House of Representatives in 1922 from Spartanburg and served on the judiciary and rules committees.
- The South Carolina Encyclopedia Guide to the Governors of South Carolina
- The South Carolina Encyclopedia
- "Evans-Russell House, Spartanburg County (716 Otis Blvd, Spartanburg)". National Register Properties in South Carolina. South Carolina Department of Archives and History. Retrieved October 15, 2012.
- SCIway Biography of John Gary Evans
- USC Biography of John Gary Evans
- Marion County Biography of John Gary Evans
|Governor of South Carolina
William Haselden Ellerbe