John George Adami
John George Adami (ä-dä' mee), FRS, FRSE, CBE, LL.D. (12 January 1862 – 29 August 1926) was a British pathologist. He was the head of the pathological department of the Royal Victoria Hospital. From 1892, he was professor of pathology in McGill University, Montreal, Canada. During World War I, he was accorded a temporary commission in the Canadian Army Medical Corps to serve as the official historian for the medical branch. Starting in 1919, he became the Vice-Chancellor of the University of Liverpool. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1898 and a Fellow of the Royal Society on 11 May 1905.
He was the son of the late John George Adami, hotel proprietor of Ashton-upon-Mersey, and Sarah Ann Ellis Leech.
He was educated at Manchester Grammar School, Owens College, Manchester and Christ's College, Cambridge, studying afterwards in Breslau and Paris. He took distinguished honours at Cambridge in natural science, was Darwin prizeman in 1885, M.R.C.S., and was appointed demonstrator of physiology at Cambridge University in 1887.
In 1888, he exposed himself to rabies, and published an account of his treatment at the Pasteur Institute's vaccination clinic. Elected fellow of Jesus College, Cambridge in 1891, he soon afterwards became head of the pathological department of the Royal Victoria Hospital. From 1892, he was professor of pathology in McGill University, Canada.
During World War I he held a temporary commission in the Canadian Army Medical Corps and served on the staff of the overseas Director General Medical Services, London. His principal role was as Assistant Medical Director in charge of statistics and returns. He was also appointed Medical Historical Recorder, and in this capacity charged with compiling a contemporary account of the Canadian medical service during the war, the first volume of which was published in 1918 as The War Story of the Canadian Army Medical Corps, Vol. 1. The remainder of his work on this subject remains unpublished. His wartime diary is held at the Welcome Library. From 1919, he was Vice-Chancellor of University of Liverpool.
He was the author of numerous monographs upon subjects relating to pathology in French, German, English and American medical journals, and of many papers read before medical societies. He was elected a Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh in 1898 and a Fellow of the Royal Society on 11 May 1905.
He married Mary Stuart Cantlie in 1894 in Montreal. They had three children, of whom 2 survived. Widowed in 1916, he married in 1922 in Liverpool Marie Wilkinson, who outlived him. He died in Liverpool in 1926.
The Adami Lectureship in Pathology is given by University of Liverpool.
In 1903 Adami proposed two new terms that would be used to classify the neoplasms : lepidic (from λεπις, λεπιδος, meaning a rind, skin, or membrane), applied to characterize the tumors that appeared to be derived from connective tissues, and hylic (from ύΛη, meaning crude undifferentiated material) for tumors that appeared to be derived from connective tissues. In the present day the term lepidic defines the proliferation of tumor cells along the surface of intact alveolar walls without stromal or vascular invasion.
- Inflammation, 1909
- Principles of Pathology, with Albert George Nicholls, Lea & Febiger, 1908 
Honours and awards
- 1898 Fellow of the Royal Society of Edinburgh
- 1905 Fellow of the Royal Society of London
- 1914 Fothergillian prize of the London Medical Society
- 1917 Croonian Lecture at the Royal College of Physicians
- 1919 Awarded CBE
- "Adami, John George (ADMY880JG)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
- Montreal, 1535-1914, William Henry Atherton, S. J. Clarke, 1914
- The Canadian who's who, Volume 1, University of Toronto Press, 1910
- "Address of the President", November 30, 1926, Ernest Rutherford, Proceedings of the Royal Society of London. Series A, Vol. 113, No. 765 (Jan. 1, 1927), pp. 481-495
- Kirk D. Jones, ″Whence Lepidic? The History of a Canadian Neologism″. Arch Pathol Lab Med. 2013;137:1822–1824; doi:10.5858/arpa.2013-0144-HP
- Principles of Pathology