John George Bourinot (younger)
Sir John George Bourinot
|3rd Clerk of the House of Commons of Canada|
December 1880 – October 1902
|Preceded by||Alfred Patrick|
|Succeeded by||Thomas Barnard Flint|
|11th President of the Royal Society of Canada|
|Preceded by||Joseph-Clovis-Kemner Laflamme|
|Succeeded by||George Mercer Dawson|
|Born||October 24, 1836|
Sydney, Nova Scotia, Canada
|Died||February 13, 1902 (aged 65)|
Ottawa, Ontario, Canada
|Resting place||Beechwood Cemetery|
|Parent(s)||John George Bourinot|
|Occupation||Journalist, historian, parliamentary official|
Sir John George Bourinot, Canadian journalist, historian, and civil servant, sole author of the first Canadian effort in 1884 to document Parliamentary Procedure and Practice, and remembered as an expert in parliamentary procedure and constitutional law.(October 24, 1836 – October 13, 1902) was a
Born in Sydney, Nova Scotia, he was the oldest son of John Bourinot. He was educated at Sydney before enrolling at Trinity College, Toronto, in 1854. Although he was a good student, he left the university two years later and worked as a parliamentary reporter for a Toronto newspaper. In 1860, he was in Halifax, where he founded, together with Joseph C. Crosskill, his own newspaper, the Evening Reporter. In May 1867, Bourinot left this newspaper and worked as a freelance writer for some time, until he secured a job as a clerk at the Senate of Canada in May 1869. In the following years, he steadily advanced through various grades until he was appointed chief clerk of the House of Commons of Canada in December 1880. a post he would occupy until his death 22 years later.
A founding member of the Royal Society of Canada, he also acted as its honorary secretary, and in 1892 served as president of the society. He wrote many books political history, some of which were considered references for decades to come. His Parliamentary Procedure and Practice in Canada (Montréal, 1884) is considered a standard work. How Canada is governed (Toronto, 1895) was a widely used textbook, and Canada under British rule, 1760 – 1900 (Cambridge, England, 1900) was also popular. He also wrote books about the history of Nova Scotia, and several more on constitutional law. He also created the work that was posthumously to be called Bourinot's Rules of Order.
Bourinot was an advocate of Imperial Federation and a proponent of both a national university and library of Canada. He also was in favour of the right of women to higher education. In his later life, Bourinot received honorary degrees from many Canadian universities and was created CMG in 1890 and KCMG in 1898. He died in Ottawa, Ontario and was buried in Beechwood Cemetery there.
- The Intellectual Development In The Canadian People, (1881)
- French Canada, (1887)
- Our Intellectual Strength And Weakness, (1893)
- Sea, Forest, And Prairie..., (1893)
- Canada, (1897)
- Builders Of Nova Scotia, (1900)
- Canada Under British Rule 1760-1900, (1900)
- Constitutional History, (1901)
- Lord Elgin, (1903)
- Canada [2nd edition with William H INGRAM], (1922)
- How Canada Is Governed, (?)
- Catalogue Of The Library Of The Late Sir John Bourinot, (1906)
- Parliamentary Procedure And Government In Canada, (?/?)
- Cape Breton And Its Memorials Of The French Régime, (?)
- Scholars Portal Books: "Parliamentary procedure and practice; with an introductory account of the origin and growth of parliamentary institutions in the Dominion of Canada." By Bourinot, John George"
- The Canadian Railway Employees' Monthly. Vol. 38. Canadian Brotherhood of Railway Employees and Other Transport Workers. 1952. p. 54.
- American Antiquarian Society Members Directory
- Banks, M. A.: Sir John George Bourinot, Victorian Canadian: His Life, Times, and Legacy, McGill-Queen's University Press, 2001. ISBN 0-7735-2191-7.
- Margaret A. Banks, “Bourinot, Sir John George,” Dictionary of Canadian Biography, vol. 13, University of Toronto/Université Laval, 2003–
- Claude Bélanger, Bourinot, John George at the Québec History Encyclopedia.
- Wallace, William Stewart (1912). Dictionary of National Biography (2nd supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co. .