John George Dodson, 1st Baron Monk Bretton

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The Right Honourable
The Lord Monk Bretton
PC
John George Dodson, 1st Baron Monk Bretton.jpg
John George Dodson in 1865, as the newly elected Chairman of Ways and Means.
Chairman of Ways and Means
In office
February 1865 – April 1872
Monarch Victoria
Preceded by William George Massey
Succeeded by John Bonham-Carter
President of the Local Government Board
In office
3 May 1880 – 28 December 1882
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by George Sclater-Booth
Succeeded by Sir Charles Dilke, Bt
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
In office
28 December 1882 – 29 October 1884
Monarch Victoria
Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone
Preceded by The Earl of Kimberley
Succeeded by George Trevelyan
Personal details
Born 18 October 1825 (1825-10-18)
Died 25 May 1897 (1897-05-26) (aged 71)
Nationality British
Political party Liberal
Liberal Unionist
Spouse(s) Florence Campion
Alma mater Christ Church, Oxford

John George Dodson, 1st Baron Monk Bretton PC (18 October 1825 – 25 May 1897), known before 1884 as John George Dodson, was a British Liberal politician. He was Chairman of Ways and Means (Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons) between 1865 and 1872 and later held office under William Ewart Gladstone as Financial Secretary to the Treasury, President of the Local Government Board and Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster. In 1884 he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Monk Bretton.

Background and education[edit]

Dodson was the only son of the lawyer and judge Sir John Dodson, Dean of the Arches, of St. George's Hanover Square, London, and his wife Frances Priscilla, daughter of George Pearson, MD, FRS. He was educated at Eton (1837–1842), where he won HRH the Prince Consort's Prize for French and Italian in 1842, and came second for French and German in 1841 and 1842, and was later a Fellow (1876–1880). He matriculated at Christ Church, Oxford on 9 June 1843, (BA 1847, MA 1851), got a First, and was called to the Bar, Lincoln's Inn, in 1853. His exact contemporaries at Eton included William George Mount and the Earl of Kimberley.

Political career[edit]

Dodson unsuccessfully contested East Sussex in 1852 (he came third with 1637 votes, behind Augustus Eliott Fuller with 2155 and Charles Hay Frewen with 1974) and March 1857, but was elected for the constituency in April 1857. He would hold this seat until 1874. He served as Chairman of Ways and Means (Deputy Speaker of the House of Commons) from February 1865 to April 1872 and was admitted to the Privy Council in 1872.[1]

In 1873 he was appointed Financial Secretary to the Treasury in the Liberal administration of William Ewart Gladstone, a post he held until the government fell the following year. In 1874 Dodson was elected to parliament for Chester, and served as Chairman of the Public Accounts Committee from 1874 to 1876.

In 1880 he was again elected for Chester and appointed President of the Local Government Board, with a seat in the cabinet, in Gladstone's second administration. According to the rules at the time, he was then forced to contest his constituency again. Dodson was duly elected, but shortly after the original election was declared void on petition. This caused him to seek re-election for another constituency. In July he was returned for Scarborough, a seat he would hold until 1884.

Dodson remained President of the Local Government Board until 1882, and then served as Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster from 1882 to 1884. On 4 November 1884 he was raised to the peerage as Baron Monk Bretton, of Conyboro and Hurstpierpoint in the County of Sussex.[2] Lord Monk Bretton later disagreed with Gladstone over Home Rule.

He was also active in local politics, and served as the first Chairman of the East Sussex County Council from 1889 to 1892. He was a long serving director and trustee of the Rock Life Assurance Company and a director of Brill's Brighton Baths Company. He was a member of the University, Reform, and Brooks's Clubs. Late in life he became concerned about the fate of the African elephant, whose salvation he mooted, in letters to The Times, could come through domestication.

Family[edit]

Lord Monk Bretton married Caroline-Florence, second daughter of William John Campion of Danny, Hurstpierpoint, Sussex, by Harriet Kemp (daughter of Thomas Read Kemp) in 1856. They had one son and three daughters. They lived at 6, Seamore Place in Mayfair, and at Conyboro', near Lewes, Sussex. In 1878 Edward Walford described Seamore Place as follows: "Seamore Place is the name of a row of handsome but somewhat old-fashioned mansions, which occupy a sort of cul de sac at the western end of Curzon Street. They are only nine in number, and their chief fronts look westward over Hyde Park". Lord Monk Bretton died in May 1897, aged 71, and was succeeded in the barony by his only son John William Dodson.

John George Dodson, detail of the lithographic reproduction, after James Tissot, published in Vanity Fair, 16 December 1871.

References[edit]

  • Dod's Parliamentary Companion, Whittaker & Co., 1878.
  • Thomas Skinner, The Directory of Directors for 1897, London, 1897. (& for 1880).
  • Edward Walford, Old and new London, chapter 28, Mayfair, 1878.

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Augustus Eliott Fuller
Viscount Pevensey
Member of Parliament for East Sussex
1857–1874
With: Viscount Pevensey 1857–1865,
Lord Edward Cavendish 1865–1868,
George Burrow Gregory 1868–1874
Succeeded by
George Burrow Gregory
Montagu David Scott
Preceded by
Henry Cecil Raikes
Norman de l'Aigle Grosvenor
Member of Parliament for Chester
1874–1880
With: Henry Cecil Raikes
Succeeded by
Henry Cecil Raikes
Hon. Beilby Lawley
Preceded by
Sir Harcourt Johnstone, Bt
William Sproston Caine
Member of Parliament for Scarborough
1880–1884
With: William Sproston Caine
Succeeded by
William Sproston Caine
Richard Fell Steble
Preceded by
William George Massey
Chairman of Ways and Means
1865–1872
Succeeded by
John Bonham-Carter
Political offices
Preceded by
William Edward Baxter
Financial Secretary to the Treasury
1873–1874
Succeeded by
W. H. Smith
Preceded by
George Sclater-Booth
President of the Local Government Board
1880–1882
Succeeded by
Sir Charles Dilke, Bt
Preceded by
The Earl of Kimberley
Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster
1882–1884
Succeeded by
George Trevelyan
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
New Creation
Baron Monk Bretton
1884–1897
Succeeded by
John William Dodson