John George Pattison

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
John George Pattison
John George Pattison.jpg
Born 8 September 1875
Woolwich, London
Died 3 June 1917
Lens, Pas-de-Calais, France
Buried La Chaudière Military Cemetery, Vimy
Allegiance  Canada
Service/branch Canadian Expeditionary Force
Years of service 1916 - 1917
Rank Private
Unit 50th Battalion, CEF
Battles/wars World War I
Awards Victoria Cross
VCJohnGeorgePattisonGrave.jpg

John George Pattison VC (8 September 1875 – 3 June 1917) was a Canadian soldier. Pattison was a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest and most prestigious award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces. Pattison was born in London, England and emigrated to Canada.

Details[edit]

Pattison enlisted at Calgary, Alberta on 6 March 1916.

One of four soldiers to earn the Victoria Cross at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, (the others were Thain Wendell MacDowell, Ellis Wellwood Sifton and William Johnstone Milne), Pattison was 41 years old, and a private in the 50th (Calgary) Battalion, Canadian Expeditionary Force, during the First World War when the following deed took place for which he was awarded the VC.

On 10 April 1917 at the Battle of Vimy Ridge, in the area of Hill 145 (the location of today's Memorial), when the advance of Canadian troops was held up by an enemy machine-gun which was inflicting severe casualties, Private Pattison, with utter disregard of his own safety, sprang forward and jumping from shell-hole to shell-hole, reached cover within thirty yards of the enemy gun. From this point, in the face of heavy fire he hurled bombs killing and wounding some of the crew, and then rushed forward overcoming and bayoneting the surviving five gunners. His initiative and valour undoubtedly saved the situation.[1]

He was killed in action at Lens, France, on 3 June 1917. He is buried at La Chaudière Military Cemetery, France located 7 miles north of Arras (plot IV, row C, grave 14).[2]

A mountain in the Victoria Cross Ranges in Jasper National Park, Alberta is named in his honour.

The medal[edit]

George Pattison Victoria Cross Medal at the Glenbow Museum in Calgary.

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Glenbow Museum in Calgary, Alberta.

References[edit]

External links[edit]