John G. Rand

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John G. Rand
John Goffe Rand. self portrait. c. 1836.jpg
Self portrait, oil on board, c. 1836
John Goffe Rand

(1801-01-27)27 January 1801
Died23 January 1873(1873-01-23) (aged 71)

John Goffe Rand (Bedford, New Hampshire, 27 January 1801–Roslyn, New York, 23 January 1873) was an American painter and inventor. He lived and worked in Boston, London, and New York. Rand invented and patented the first collapsible artist's paint tube.[1]

The tin tube allowed unused oil paint to be stored and used later without drying out.[2] In 1841, Rand patented[3] the invention with the United States Patent Office (Sept 11, 1841 Patent No. 2,252). He went on to patent several later improvements. Renoir said “Without tubes of paint, there would have been no Impressionism.”[4]

Other later inventions by Rand were not as widely received, and most of his ideas were not financially successful. [5]


  1. ^ "British artists' suppliers, 1650-1950 - R - National Portrait Gallery".
  2. ^ "A real squeeze: Paint in tubes | Christie's".
  3. ^ "PATENT FOR THE INVENTION OF THE TUBE (TUBE) 1841". (in Russian). Retrieved 3 September 2019. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Paintedetc".
  5. ^ "More Information | A Finding Aid to the John Goffe Rand papers, 1832-1960, bulk 1832-1873 | Digitized Collection".