|Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government|
14 June 2007 – 23 January 2011
|Preceded by||Dick Roche|
|Succeeded by||Éamon Ó Cuív|
|Leader of the Green Party|
17 July 2007 – 27 May 2011
|Preceded by||Trevor Sargent|
|Succeeded by||Eamon Ryan|
June 1997 – February 2011
4 August 1959 |
|Political party||Green Party|
|Alma mater||University College Dublin,
University of Freiburg
John Gormley (born 4 August 1959) is a former Irish politician. He was the leader of the Green Party from 2007 to 2011, and was a Teachta Dála (TD) for the Dublin South-East constituency from 1997 to 2011. He served as Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government from 2007 to 2011. He was previously the party spokesperson on Foreign Affairs, Defence and Health and Children, and chairman of the party.
Early and personal life
Born in Dublin, Gormley was educated in St Munchin's College, Limerick, University College Dublin and the University of Freiburg. Prior to entering full-time politics he ran an academy of European languages. He has held many positions in the Green Party including Campaign Director for the successful anti-smog campaign in the 1980s. He contested his first general election in 1989, in the Dublin South-East constituency, but was not elected. He also unsuccessfully contested the 1989 Seanad election and 1992 general election. In 1990 he wrote The Green Guide For Ireland, containing advice on how to live and campaign environmentally.
He lives in Ringsend with his wife, Penny, and their son and daughter.
In 1991 he was elected to Dublin City Council and was Lord Mayor of Dublin from 1994–95, the first Green Party councillor to serve as Lord Mayor. As Lord Mayor, he launched Dublin Gay Pride week in 1995.
At the 1997 general election, Gormley became the third Green candidate elected to Dáil Éireann – after a week-long re-count with Michael McDowell, which he won by 27 votes. Gormley and Trevor Sargent served as the only Green Party TDs between 1997 and 2002. He retained his seat at the 2002 general election, increasing his vote and taking the first seat in his constituency, though McDowell gained the most number of first preferences.
He was elected to the newly created post of party Cathaoirleach (chairperson) of the Green Party in 2002, and re-elected in late 2004 with 80% of the party vote. He proposed some of the major changes to the party structures such as the name change (from Green Alliance to Green Party); the need to have a party leader was suggested by Sargent.
On 16 May 2007, during the run up to the 2007 general election, Gormley emerged from a crowd of journalists to confront Michael McDowell while he was unveiling a poster saying 'Left Wing Government? No Thanks'. Gormley repeatedly requested McDowell to admit that the accompanying pamphlet on the matter was awash with lies. The incident fronted the evening's main news and the footage subsequently circulated on the Internet.
Gormley was re-elected at the 2007 general election, beating McDowell for the last seat by 304 votes. Following the election he led negotiations with Fianna Fáil on forming a government. The programme for government was approved by 86% of party members who attended a specially convened conference in Dublin's Mansion House, after which the party entered government for the first time. On 14 June 2007 he was named as Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government in the new coalition.
Leader of Green Party
Following the general election of 2007, Trevor Sargent resigned as leader of the Green Party. The following leadership election was contested by Gormley and Patricia McKenna, and the Green Party announced that in the postal ballot he received 478 votes to McKenna's 263.
Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government
As the new Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government, Gormley took over the responsibility for the decision to allow the excavation of national monuments near the historical site of the Hill of Tara to facilitate the construction of the M3 motorway. On his final day in office, outgoing minister Dick Roche signed an order which allowed a newly discovered National Monument at Lismullin near Tara to be studied and then destroyed to make way for the building of the motorway. Gormley stated that he was unable for legal reasons to reverse this order. Green Party TD Ciarán Cuffe expressed his dissatisfaction with the former Minister Roche's decision and expressed his hope that Gormley could reverse it. Gormley appointed a long-standing critic of the M3 route, Dr. Conor Newman of NUIG, to oversee the archaeological work as part of a special committee on the Lismullen site. In 2009 the Tara-Skryne Valley was designated Ireland's first Landscape Conservation Area by Gormley, prohibiting shopping malls and retail parks from being constructed in the area.
In September 2007, he announced regulations introducing reductions in energy consumption and carbon emissions for all new homes in new building regulations. New homes are to be 40% more energy efficient, which will reduce the carbon footprint of each house by 40% also. The new regulations are also set to make renewable energy mandatory for all new build homes.
In his leader's speech to the Green Party conference in April 2008, he provoked a walk-out of the Chinese Ambassador and diplomatic delegation by calling for solidarity with the people of Tibet and referring to Tibet as a nation.
On 6 March 2008, Gormley established a Referendum Commission for the first referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon. The minister did not restore the original remit of the commission – to outline arguments for and against the referendum – however during the campaign against the first Treaty of Nice referendum by the Green Party, Gormley had praised the role of the commission in advancing the pros and cons of the treaty.
July 2008 saw changes to VRT and road tax which Gormley had brought about the previous year. The charges are now calculated on the basis of the carbon emissions of the vehicle. This had a dramatic effect according to the Sustainable Energy Authority of Ireland on the type of car sales that have occurred subsequently.
In November 2008, he announced new quality standards for rented accommodation which landlords would be obliged to follow. Additional funding for inspections and more severe penalties for landlords who provide substandard accommodation formed part of the initiative.
Gormley introduced a "Bike Scheme" in January 2009 which promoted cycling to work by offering tax incentives to employees and employers who purchased bicycles and switched to cycling. The scheme is part of a strategy to double the number of journeys made by bike by 2020, and also includes a multimillion-euro cycle-path upgrade plan.
In July 2009, Gormley introduced Non Principal Private Residence tax (NPPR), a tax on second homes and holiday homes, many of which were owned by people working abroad. It was a self declaration tax with no bills being issued to property owners, leaving many caught unaware. The scheme was abandoned in 2014 with first and final bills/letters being issued to home owners. Severe penalties were attached to these letters, a late payment charge which amounted to 600 per cent of the premium (€1,000). In 2014 home owners, of which a significant number were non-resident in Ireland, were facing NPPR penalties up to €7,230 which remains as a permanent charge on the property until fully paid. There was uproar about the size of the penalties, especially from people who live overseas  and who say they knew nothing about the NPPR charge until they got these letters. Many feel the 600 per cent penalty charge to be unconstitutional and some have taken their case to the Ombudsman.
In 2010, Gormley made a Ministerial order, forcing councillors in Dún Laoghaire-Rathdown County Council to revise a decision to rezone lands at The Park, Carrickmines (for retail development) during the framing of Dún Laoghaire Rathdown's County Development Plan late in 2009. The Council ultimately voted for the proposal that was advanced by Fine Gael Councillors Jim O'Leary (now resigned) and Barry Ward, but this decision was the subject of much criticism from John Gormley's Green Party colleague and local TD, Ciaran Cuffe. In March 2010, the Minister instructed the Council to reverse its decision.
In a close vote (with then Cathaoirleach Marie Baker exercising a casting a vote in favour of the Minister), the Council did change its decision, but the developer (Tristor Ltd.) took the Minister and Dún Laoghaire Rathdown County Council to the High Court. Mr Justice Frank Clarke eventually ruled on the case in November 2010, finding that Minister Gormley had exceeded his powers by ordering the Council to change its decision.
On 22 November 2010, he called for an election date to be fixed in the second half of January 2011 following the announcement of an EU financial rescue package for Ireland due to the ongoing financial crisis in the country. He resigned as Minister on 23 January 2011 when the Green Party withdrew from government.
2011 general election and aftermath
Gormley lost his seat at the 2011 general election on 25 February. He announced in an email to Green Party members on 20 March 2011 that he would not be seeking re-election as leader of the party. He was succeeded as party leader by Eamon Ryan on 27 May 2011.
- "Mr. John Gormley". Oireachtas Members Database. Retrieved 20 June 2009.
- "Pride and prejudice". The Irish Times. 1 July 1995. p. 34. Retrieved 24 August 2016.
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- Melia, Paul (18 July 2009). "Shops and malls to be banned at historic Tara site". Irish Independent.
- "House rules for green construction". Irish Examiner. 22 September 2007.
- "Gormley publishes building regulations to improve energy efficiency of new homes". www.greenparty.ie. 21 September 2007.
- "Chinese Ambassador walks out on Gormley". RTÉ News. 12 April 2008. Retrieved 17 February 2010.
- "Referendum Commission established". The Irish Times. 6 March 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2008.
- "Gormley set to restore Referendum Commission". The Sunday Business Post. 6 January 2008. Retrieved 25 April 2008.
- "Change in tax laws fuelling 'greener' car trade". Irish Independent. 17 December 2008.
- "New rented accommodation standards to be introduced". The Irish Times. 19 November 2008. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
- "Tax free bikes for work". BikeScheme.ie. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
- "Council votes to rezone land at Carrickmines for retail". The Irish Times. 13 April 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Councillors plan to overturn south Dublin zoning decision". The Irish Times. 8 April 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Retail plan shows developers have learnt nothing, says Cuffe". The Irish Times. 8 March 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Carrickmines designation case in court". The Irish Times. 5 May 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Developer seeks to challenge zoning ruling". The Irish Times. 18 May 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Developer seeks to quash Gormley's site designation". The Irish Times. 28 July 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Court finds against Gormley". The Irish Times. 11 November 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Judge finds Gormley acted outside powers over planning". The Irish Times. 12 November 2010. Retrieved 1 January 2011.
- "Green Party calls for election date to be set". RTÉ News. 22 November 2010.
- "Green Party withdraws from government". RTÉ News. 23 January 2011. Retrieved 23 January 2011.
- "Gormley eliminated in Dublin SE". The Irish Times. 26 February 2011.
- "Gormley to step down as Green Party leader". RTÉ News. 20 March 2011. Retrieved 20 March 2011.
- "Eamon Ryan elected Green Party leader". RTÉ News. 27 May 2011. Retrieved 27 May 2011.
Tomás Mac Giolla
|Lord Mayor of Dublin
Seán Dublin Bay Rockall Loftus
Eoin Ryan, Jnr
|Teachta Dála for Dublin South-East
With: Frances Fitzgerald 1992–2002
Eoin Ryan, Jnr 1992–2007
Ruairi Quinn 1982–2016
Michael McDowell 2002–07
Chris Andrews 2007–11
Lucinda Creighton 2007–16
|Minister for the Environment, Heritage and Local Government
Éamon Ó Cuív
|Party political offices|
|Leader of the Green Party