John Green (Royal Navy officer)

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Sir John Green
Rear-admiral John Frederick Ernest Green, Cb Art.IWMART1741.jpg
1918 portrait by Francis Dodd
Born8 August 1866
Died30 October 1948 (1948-10-31) (aged 82)
AllegianceUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
Service/branchNaval Ensign of the United Kingdom.svg Royal Navy
Years of service1882–1925
RankAdmiral
Commands held
Battles/wars
AwardsKnight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Companion of the Order of the Bath

Admiral Sir John Frederick Ernest Green KCMG CB (8 August 1866 – 30 October 1948) was a Royal Navy officer of the late 19th and earloy 20th centuries. He saw service in the Boxer Rebellion, World War I (including the Battle of Jutland), and the North Russia Intervention in the Russian Civil War. Late in his career, he became Commander-in-Chief, Coast of Scotland.

Birth[edit]

Green was born in Lee, Kent, England, on 8 August 1866. He was the son of Henry Green.[citation needed]

Naval career[edit]

Before World War I[edit]

Green took the examination for naval cadetships successfully in July 1879[2] and joined the Royal Navy as a midshipman in 1882.[3] He was promoted to lieutenant on 1 January 1890[4] and went on to command the gunboat HMS Pigmy during the Boxer Rebellion in 1900, for which role he was mentioned in despatches and received a special promotion to Commander on 1 January 1901.[5][6] He was appointed in command of the destroyer HMS Mermaid on 13 June 1901, and used her as his flagship when he was in charge of the Medway Instructional Flotilla.[7] In May 1902 he transferred with all officers and men of Mermaid to the destroyer HMS Racehorse, which was commissioned for the instructional flotilla.[8][9] In 1903, the Admiralty demanded that he explain why he had never conducted torpedo practice while in command of the flotilla and was unimpressed by his explanation.[citation needed]

Promoted to captain on 30 June 1906, Green received a commendation in 1907 for efforts he made in helping to salvage the destroyer HMS Ariel,[10] which had been wrecked on 19 April 1907 when she ran aground on a breakwater just outside Grand Harbour, Valletta, Malta. He took command of the second-class protected cruiser HMS Forte on 30 May 1908.[11] In late 1908, Forte performed extremely poorly in a gunlayer′s test; a court of inquiry convened to find out the reason for the poor test results faulted Green and the other officers of Forte for failing to provide sufficient training. In 1910, Forte ran aground and the Admiralty expressed "severe displeasure for failure to comply with K[ing]′s R[egulations] & for unseamanlike manner in which H[is] M[ajesty]′s ship was navigated."[12] Green left Forte in March 1911.

Green was commanding officer of the armoured cruiser HMS Essex from September 1911 to May 1912 and took command of the first-class protected cruiser HMS Royal Arthur in October 1912. He took command of the armoured cruiser HMS Natal on 14 May 1913.[13] On 5 June 1913, Natal collided in fog with a fishing vessel. A court of inquiry convened to investigate the collision conclude that Natal′s speed of 10 knots (11.5 mph; 18.5 km/hr) when she struck the fishing vessel was excessive for the foggy conditions, but the Admiralty declined to endorse this finding.[12]

World War I[edit]

Green was still in command of Natal when the United Kingdom entered World War I in August 1914.[14] He became commanding officer of the battlecruiser HMS New Zealand in June 1915.[15] As such, he was flag captain of the 2nd Battlecruiser Squadron at the Battle of Jutland on 31 May-1 June 1916, during which New Zealand was flagship of the squadron′s commander, Rear-Admiral William Pakenham [16] Promoted to rear-admiral on 1 September 1917,[17] he served as Senior Naval Officer on the River Clyde from October 1917.[18]

Later service[edit]

On 30 October 1918, Green became Rear-Admiral Commanding in the White Sea[19] during the North Russia Intervention in the Russian Civil War with the battleship HMS Glory as his flagship.[20] He became Commander-in-Chief, Coast of Scotland and Admiral Superintendent of Royal Naval Dockyard Rosyth on 1 April 1922.[21] He was promoted to vice-admiral on 1 November 1922.[22] He retired from the navy on 1 January 1925, being placed on the Retired List tha day at his own request.[23]

Family[edit]

In 1901 Green married Maud Kathleen McInnoy.[3]

Later life[edit]

While hunting on 31 October 1925 in Fife, Scotland, with retired Admiral Edward H. Moubray and Admiral Sir Henry Oliver, Commander-in-Chief of the Atlantic Fleet, Green accidentally shot Oliver with one barrel of his shotgun. Oliver was not seriously injured, and later said that it was not the first time that Green had accidentally shot someone and that Green in fact had a reputation for it.[24]

While on the retired list, Green was promoted to admiral on 1 August 1927.[25] He died on 30 October 1948.[26]

Awards and honors[edit]

UK Order St-Michael St-George ribbon.svg Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George[27]

Order of the Bath UK ribbon.svg Companion of the Order of the Bath

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c The Dreadnought Project
  2. ^ "Naval and Military Intelligence" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Wednesday, 25 June 1879. Issue 29603, col E, p. 7.
  3. ^ a b Royal Navy Flag Officers 1904-1945
  4. ^ "No. 26007". The London Gazette. 31 December 1889. p. 7553.
  5. ^ "No. 27263". The London Gazette. 4 January 1901. p. 82.
  6. ^ Private Enterprise Naval Review, February 1949
  7. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36481). London. 14 June 1901. p. 10.
  8. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36761). London. 7 May 1902. p. 10.
  9. ^ "Naval & Military intelligence". The Times (36768). London. 15 May 1902. p. 7.
  10. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27927. p. 4466. 29 June 1906
  11. ^ The Navy List. (October, 1908). p. 318.
  12. ^ a b Green Service Record. The National Archives. ADM 196/42. f. 260.
  13. ^ The Navy List. (December, 1913). p. 347.
  14. ^ Naval Operations. Volume I. p. 439.
  15. ^ The Navy List. (October, 1915). p. 396f.
  16. ^ Battle of Jutland Official Despatches. p. 46.
  17. ^ The London Gazette: no. 30267. p. 9151. 4 September 1917.
  18. ^ Supplement to the Monthly Navy List (June, 1918). p. 4.
  19. ^ Supplement to the Monthly Navy List (November, 1918). p. 7.
  20. ^ Supplement to the Monthly Navy List. (November, 1918). p. 7.
  21. ^ "Naval and Military" (Official Appointments and Notices). The Times. Monday, 27 March 1922. Issue 42990, col A, p. 23.
  22. ^ The London Gazette: no. 32764. p. 7873. 7 November 1922.
  23. ^ "No. 33010". The London Gazette. 9 January 1925. p. 219.
  24. ^ "Oliver Typescript Memoir." II. pp. 270-271.
  25. ^ The London Gazette: no. 33300. p. 5105. 5 August 1927.
  26. ^ "Admiral Sir John Green" (Obituaries), The Times, Tuesday, 2 November 1948, Issue 51218, col E, p. 7.
  27. ^ Royal Navy Honours and Gallantry Awards

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Sir Herbert Heath
Commander-in-Chief, Coast of Scotland
1922–1923
Succeeded by
Sir Reginald Tyrwhitt