John Grover (British Army officer)

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John Grover
British Generals 1939-1945 IND3712.jpg
Born 6 February 1897
Died 1979
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1914–1948
Rank Major General
Unit King's Shropshire Light Infantry
Commands held 1st Battalion, King's Shropshire Light Infantry
11th Infantry Brigade
2nd Infantry Division
Battles/wars First World War
Second World War
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Military Cross

Major General John Malcolm Lawrence Grover CB MC (6 February 1897 – 1979) was a senior British Army officer who commanded the 2nd Infantry Division in the Burma Campaign of the Second World War.

Military career[edit]

Grover was commissioned as a second lieutenant into the British Army's King's Shropshire Light Infantry (KSLI) in 1914.[1] He was awarded the Military Cross for his service in the First World War[2] and was wounded three times during the four years of war.[3]

Remaining in the army between the wars, he became Commanding Officer (CO) of the 1st Battalion, KSLI in 1938.[4]

He served in the Second World War as Commander of the 11th Infantry Brigade from June 1940 and as General Officer Commanding (GOC) 2nd Infantry Division from October 1941, leading it to India when it arrived there in early June 1942.[4] He devised and implemented a strategy to remove the Japanese from the Kohima region of India leading to the defeat of the Imperial Japanese Army at the Battle of Kohima between April and June 1944.[5] Despite being victorious in this battle, he was removed from command on 4 July 1944 by Lieutenant General Montagu Stopford, the XXXIII Corps GOC, who was unhappy with Grover's methods.[6] Grover went on to be Director of Army Welfare Services at the War Office in 1944 before retiring in 1948.[4]

He became Colonel of The King's Shropshire Light Infantry in 1947.[7] In 2014, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Kohima, a memorial to General Grover was unveiled at Jotsama on the site of his 2nd Division Headquarters.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 29007". The London Gazette. 15 December 1914. p. 10696. 
  2. ^ "No. 31219". The London Gazette (Supplement). 7 March 1919. p. 3240. 
  3. ^ Keane, Fergal (2010). Road of Bones: The Siege of Kohima 1944. London: HarperPress. ISBN 978-0-00-713240-9.  p458.
  4. ^ a b c Generals.dk
  5. ^ The Battle of Kohima, North East India, 4 April – 22 June 1944 Archived 6 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ Swinson, Arthur (2015). Kohima. London: Head of Zeus. ISBN 9781784081782.  p315
  7. ^ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry
  8. ^ Nagaland Post

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Daril Watson
General Officer Commanding 2nd Infantry Division
1941–1944
Succeeded by
Cameron Nicholson