John Grover (British Army officer)

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John Grover
British Generals 1939-1945 IND3712.jpg
Grover (left) with generals Stopford and Salomons
Born 6 February 1897
Died 1979
Allegiance  United Kingdom
Service/branch Flag of the British Army.svg British Army
Years of service 1914 - 1948
Rank Major-General
Commands held 1st Bn King's Shropshire Light Infantry
11th Infantry Brigade
2nd Division
Battles/wars World War I
World War II
Battle of Kohima
Awards Companion of the Order of the Bath
Military Cross

Major-General John Malcolm Lawrence Grover CB MC (6 February 1897–1979) was a British Army officer who commanded 2nd Division in Burma during World War II.

Military career[edit]

Grover was commissioned into the King's Shropshire Light Infantry in 1914.[1] He was awarded the Military Cross for his service in World War I[2] having been wounded three times during the four years of War.[3] He became Commanding Officer of the 1st Bn King's Shropshire Light Infantry in 1938.[4] He served in World War II as Commander of the 11th Infantry Brigade from 1940 and as General Officer Commanding 2nd Division in Burma from 1941.[4] He devised and implemented a strategy to remove the Japanese from the Kohima region of India leading to the defeat of the Japanese at the Battle of Kohima between April and June 1944.[5] Despite being victorious in this battle, he was removed from command on 4 July 1944 by Lieutenant General Montagu Stopford who was unhappy with Grover's methods.[6] Grover went on to be Director of Army Welfare Services at the War Office in 1944 before retiring in 1948.[4]

He became Colonel of The King's Shropshire Light Infantry in 1947.[7] In 2014, on the 70th anniversary of the Battle of Kohima, a memorial to General Grover was unveiled at Jotsama on the site of his 2nd Division Headquarters.[8]


  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 29007. p. 10696. 15 December 1914. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 31219. p. 3240. 7 March 1919. Retrieved 27 August 2011.
  3. ^ Keane, Fergal (2010). Road of Bones: The Siege of Kohima 1944. London: HarperPress. ISBN 978-0-00-713240-9.  p458.
  4. ^ a b c
  5. ^ The Battle of Kohima, North East India, 4 April – 22 June 1944
  6. ^ Swinson, Arthur (2015). Kohima. London: Head of Zeus. ISBN 9781784081782.  p315
  7. ^ The King's Shropshire Light Infantry
  8. ^ Nagaland Post

External links[edit]

Military offices
Preceded by
Daril Watson
General Officer Commanding the 2nd Division
Succeeded by
Cameron Nicholson