John Horace Forney
|John Horace Forney|
August 12, 1829|
Lincolnton, North Carolina
|Died||September 13, 1902
|Place of burial||City Cemetery, Jacksonville, Alabama|
|Allegiance||United States of America
Confederate States of America
|Service/branch|| United States Army
Confederate States Army
|Years of service||1851–1861 (USA)
|Rank||First Lieutenant (USA)
Major General (CSA)
|Other work||Civil engineer
John Horace Forney was born in Lincolnton, North Carolina to Jacob and Sabina Swope Hoke Forney 0n August 12, 1829. He was the younger brother of Confederate Brigadier General William H. Forney, first cousin of Confederate Brigadier General Robert Daniel Johnston, and second cousin of Confederate Major Generals Robert F. Hoke and Stephen Dodson Ramseur. He moved with his parents to Alabama in 1835. John Horace Forney was appointed to the United States Military Academy at West Point, NY and graduated in 1852, twenty-second in his class. Forney was commissioned brevet second lieutenant of the 7th U.S. Infantry on July 1, 1852. He was promoted to second lieutenant on October 24, 1853, and transferred to the 10th Infantry on March 3, 1855. He was promoted to first lieutenant On August 25, 1855. He participated in the Mormon campaign in 1857--1858.
Forney resigned his commission on January 23, 1861, and entered the Confederate Army as colonel of the Alabama Artillery, then as a captain of infantry on Marcy 14, 1861 and colonel of the 10th Alabama Infantry in the Army of the Shenandoah on June 21, 1861. He took command of the 5th Brigade and other Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley on June 21, 1861 while the remainder of that army moved to participate that same day at the Battle of First Bull Run until October 1861. He was wounded at the Battle of Dranesville, Virginia, on December 20, 1861. Forney was promoted to brigadier general on March 10, 1862, and to major general on October 27.
After service as commander of the Departments of Alabama and West Florida and the District of the Gulf Department #2 in 1862 and the 2d Military District Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana in early 1863, he was given command of a division of Lieutenant General John C. Pemberton's Army of Mississippi defending Vicksburg in April 1863. He was captured there when the city fell in July 1863.
After being exchanged on October 13, 1863, Forney was sent to the Trans-Mississippi Department, where he was a division commander in the Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana until January 28, 1864, then in the Department of Alabama, Mississippi and East Louisiana until May 1864. After a period without a command, he followed John George Walker as commander of the Texas Division, Division 1 of I Corps, Trans-Mississippi Army in September 1864. From March 27, 1865 until May 12, 1865, he commanded a division in the Department of Texas, New Mexico and Arizona.
Post-war and death
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9. pp. 90-91.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1. p. 249.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4. p. 223.
- Sifakis, 1988, p. 224.
- Eicher, John H., and David J. Eicher, Civil War High Commands. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2001. ISBN 978-0-8047-3641-1.
- Sifakis, Stewart. Who Was Who in the Civil War. New York: Facts On File, 1988. ISBN 978-0-8160-1055-4.
- Warner, Ezra J. Generals in Gray: Lives of the Confederate Commanders. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1959. ISBN 978-0-8071-0823-9.