John H. Long

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John H. Long is a Canadian political figure. He has sought election to the Canadian House of Commons and the Legislative Assembly of Ontario on five occasions and has run for the leadership of the Social Credit Party of Canada, the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada, and the Canadian Alliance. He is strongly influenced by social credit economic theories and has often called for reform of the Bank of Canada.

Early candidacies[edit]

Long first sought election to the Canadian House of Commons in 1974, when he ran as a Social Credit candidate in Waterloo—Cambridge. He sought the party's leadership two years later, following the resignation of Réal Caouette. Long received thirty-one votes out of 1,143 on the first ballot and withdrew from the contest before the second round. A Montreal Gazette article from this period described him as manufacturer based in Cambridge, Ontario.[1]

He ran for Cambridge in the 1977 Ontario provincial election, appearing on the ballot as an independent candidate. He was presumably still aligned at this time with the federal Social Credit Party, which did not have a provincial affiliate in Ontario. (The official provincial wing of the party had previously been taken over by a group of neo-Nazis, to which Long had no connection.)

Long joined the Liberal Party of Canada in the 1980s and ran for delegate status at the party's 1984 leadership convention. The Cambridge branch of the party subsequently expelled him, saying that he had tried to recruit new members to support a "fusion" candidate who would be supported by both the Liberals and the New Democratic Party. (This initiative was undertaken without support from either party.)[2] Long later sought the Progressive Conservative nomination in Cambridge for the 1988 federal election.[3]

Long also ran mayor of Cambridge in 1985.[4]

1990s campaigns[edit]

Long campaigned for the leadership of the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada in 1993, following the resignation of Brian Mulroney. He promoted monetary reform, called for an end to official bilingualism in Canada, and said that he wanted to succeed John Crow as governor of the Bank of Canada.[5] Considered a fringe candidate, he nonetheless appeared at a public debate in Montreal with Kim Campbell, Jean Charest, and other contenders.[6] He received no delegate support and withdrew from the contest before the party's convention.[7] He later sought the Progressive Conservative nomination in Waterloo for the 1993 federal election but received only two votes.[8]

Long then ran for Guelph—Wellington in the 1993 election as a candidate of the Canada Party, an ideological successor to Social Credit. He was sixty years old at the time and lived in Guelph.[9]

He wanted to seek the Reform Party nomination for a 1995 by-election in Brome—Missisquoi, Quebec but his candidacy was rejected by the party.[10] He instead ran as a candidate of John Turmel's Abolitionist Party (another ideological successor to Social Credit) and finished a distant last in a field of ten candidates. He later ran as an independent candidate in Cambridge in the 1997 federal election.

Long supported the Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario in the 1995 provincial election.[11] He later criticized party leader Mike Harris and described the party's "Common Sense Revolution" as having been a "big bank revolution."[12]

Long was the first declared candidate in the Progressive Conservative Party of Canada's 1998 leadership election. He supported a merger of the Progressive Conservative and Reform parties, favoured bank mergers, and said that the Bank of Canada should set up reserve banks that would leave one hundred per cent of their deposit liabilities with the central bank.[13] He also opposed the Canada-United States Free Trade Agreement and sought to peg the Canadian dollar at sixty-eight cents relative to the American dollar.[14] During this contest, Long described himself as a "product developer, mechanical engineer, environmentalist and homespun economist."[15] He withdrew from the campaign in July 1998, before voting took place.[16]

Long later sought the leadership of the Canadian Alliance in 2000, describing himself as a populist and calling for more plebiscites on controversial issues. Describing right wing and left wing labels as passé, he referred to himself as "an ultra-right-wing libertarian with a great, big, bushy socialist tail."[17] He once again withdrew from the contest before voting took place.

He sought the Progressive Conservative nomination in Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound for the 2000 federal election, but was not given a response by the party.[18] Long reserved the rights to the name, "The Common Sense People's Party of Ontario," with Elections Ontario in 2002, but he did not seek election under the party name.[19] He does not appear to have been active in politics since this time.

IMICO and Kanmet controversies[edit]

In 1992, Long purchased an abandoned IMICO foundry in Guelph for one dollar. The foundry's previous owners had fled the country, leaving behind a company that was over one million dollars in debt.

One year after buying the property, Long was informed by the Ontario Ministry of Environment and Energy that he would be required to clean up toxic wastes at the site. The cost was estimated at half a million dollars. Long described the charge as politically motivated, said that the site was not producing new contaminants, and refused to pay.[20]

On December 31, 1993, Long transferred ownership of the site to the Assembly of the Church of the Universe, a religious sect based in Hamilton devoted to nudism and sacramental marijuana use. He argued that he was no longer responsible for the property after the transfer, although the ministry disagreed.[21] In 1997, he was fined ten thousand dollars for an environmental offense.[22]

Long also purchased an abandoned Kanmet Castings foundry in Cambridge for one dollar during the same period. In January 1996, he was sentenced to three months in jail and fined seventy-two thousand dollars for the improper storage of PCBs on the site.[23] This controversy took place during the 1997 election.

The Assembly of the Church of the Universe moved its headquarters from the IMICO foundry in Guelph to the Kanmet foundry in Cambridge in 1998, with Long's permission.[24] The city of Cambridge later tried to evict the church from the foundry, without success. In late 1998, the city reluctantly purchased the foundry from Long for fifty-eight thousand dollars and forgave him nine hundred thousand dollars in back taxes and hydro expenses.[25] The church was forced to leave the Cambridge area shortly thereafter.

Long has also served time in prison for infractions of Ontario's Highway Traffic Act and for refusing to pay a fine for improper labour practices, and he has been fined for evading payment of the retail sales tax.[26] When asked about his convictions in 2000, he said, "I'm not a criminal. I'm a firm believer in civil disobedience. I'm like Mahatma Gandhi in that regard."[27]

Electoral record[edit]

Canadian federal election, 1997: Cambridge
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Janko Peric 17,673 36.74 −2.52 $47,605
Reform Bill Donaldson 10,767 22.38 −11.15 $57,325
New Democratic Mike Farnan 9,813 20.40 +15.11 $53,588
     Progressive Conservative Larry Olney 9,299 19.33 +1.99 $48,139
     Independent John H. Long 311 0.65 $0
     Independent Jim Remnant 237 0.49 $0
Total valid votes 48,100 100.00
Total rejected ballots 254
Turnout 48,354 64.77 −1.75
Electors on the lists 74,659
Percentage change figures are factored for redistribution.
Sources: Official Results, Elections Canada and Financial Returns, Elections Canada.

Canadian federal by-election, February 13, 1995: Brome—Missisquoi
Party Candidate Votes % ∆% Expenditures
Liberal Denis Paradis 19,078 51.02 +14.36 $54,562
  Bloc Québécois Jean-François Bertrand 15,764 42.16 +1.40 $53,734
  Progressive Conservative Guy Lever 1,235 3.30 −13.85 $36,225a
  Reform Line Maheux 517 1.38 $21,755
  New Democratic Party Paul Vachon 371 0.99 −0.27 $9,325
  Christian Heritage Jean Blaquière 126 0.34 $2,321
  Non-Affiliated Yvon V. Boulanger 107 0.29 $3,816
Green Éric Ferland 101 0.27 $412
  Natural Law Michel Champagne 77 0.21 −1.08 $6,538
  Abolitionist John H. Long 15 0.04 −1.61 $1,219
Total valid votes 37,391 100.00
Total rejected ballots 288
Turnout 37,679 64.32 −12.32
Electors on the lists 58,579
a- Does not include unpaid claims.

Canadian federal election, 1993: Guelph–Wellington
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
Liberal Brenda Chamberlain 24,359 39.24 $42,976
  Reform Gerry Organ 15,483 24.94 $45,760
  Progressive Conservative Bill Scott 12,825 20.66 $57,999
  Non-Affiliated Frank Maine 3,465 5.58 $29,745
  New Democratic Party Alex Michalos 2,904 4.68 $27,092
  National Maggie Laidlaw 2,018 3.25 $6,098
Green Simon C. Francis 318 0.51 $0
  Natural Law David W. Mitchell 255 0.41 $12
  Libertarian Tom Bradburn 247 0.40 $0
Canada Party John H. Long 108 0.17 $600
  N/A (Renewal) Anna Di Carlo 78 0.13 $0
  Abolitionist Andrew Tait 20 0.03 $0
Total valid votes 62,080 100.00
Total rejected ballots 583 0.93
Turnout 62,663 67.20
Electors on the lists 93,250
Source: Thirty-fifth General Election, 1993: Official Voting Results, Published by the Chief Electoral Officer of Canada. Financial figures taken from official contributions and expenses provided by Elections Canada.

Canadian federal election, 1974: Waterloo—Cambridge
Party Candidate Votes % ∆%
New Democratic Max Saltsman 25,479 41.58
Liberal Brian Goff 18,034 29.43
     Progressive Conservative Glenn Carroll 17,394 28.38
Social Credit John H. Long 253 0.41
Marxist–Leninist Richard E. Rathwell 122 0.20
Total valid votes 61,282 100.00
Total rejected ballots 184
Turnout 61,466 75.65
Electors on the lists 81,248
Ontario general election, 1977: Cambridge
Party Candidate Votes % Expenditures
New Democratic Monty Davidson 11,120 37.31 $12,972
     Progressive Conservative Bill Barlow 10,566 35.45 $25,056
Liberal Claudette Millar 7,870 26.40 $22,087
     Ind. (Ind. Social Credit) John H. Long 252 0.85 $768
Total valid votes 29,808 100.00
Total rejected, unmarked and declined ballots 153
Turnout 29,961 65.02
Electors on the lists 46,081


  1. ^ Mary Trueman, "Socreds to pick leader at weekend convention," Globe and Mail, 5 November 1976, p. 3.
  2. ^ Ross Howard, "Liberal group ordered to reinstate member," Globe and Mail, 27 June 1984, M3.
  3. ^ "Tory contender," Globe and Mail, 1 April 1993, A5.
  4. ^ Gary Webb-Proctor, "Fancy footwork from Waterloo candidates," Globe and Mail, 11 November 1985, A18.
  5. ^ Andre Picard, "Scrap bilingualism, Tories told," Globe and Mail, 22 April 1993, A1; Edison Stewart, "Catholic bishops, Campbell agree on 'demon' truce," Toronto Star, 22 May 1993, A10.
  6. ^ Graham Fraser, "Charest reigns in French debate," Globe and Mail, 22 April 1993, A4.
  7. ^ Kevin Crowley, "8 of 9 Guelph candidates make for busy meeting," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 25 September 1993, A4.
  8. ^ Barry Ries, "Tories in Waterloo pick Woolstencroft," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 18 August 1993, B1.
  9. ^ Kevin Crowley, "12 running in Guelph-Wellington," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 1 October 1993, B1.
  10. ^ Peter O'Neil, "Reform party chooses its first Quebec candidate," Toronto Star, 8 January 1995, A7.
  11. ^ Paula Schuck, "Hundreds come out to meet top Tory," Kitchener Record, 5 June 1995, A1. This article indicates that he had previously supported the New Democratic Party of Ontario. See Christian Aagaard, "Cambridge riding one to watch," Kitchener Record, 6 May 1997, A4.
  12. ^ Eric Volmers, "Colourful character hopes to lead Canadian Alliance," Cambridge Reporter, 20 April 2000, A1.
  13. ^ "Former Cambridge man seeks Tory leadership," Kitchener Record, 5 May 1998, A4.
  14. ^ "Long shot," Ottawa Citizen, 6 July 1998, A9.
  15. ^ "Tory contender emerges," Globe and Mail, 5 May 1998, A7.
  16. ^ Sean Durkan, "Baldasaro still wants to lead Tories," 23 September 1998, E12.
  17. ^ Eric Volmers, "Colourful character hopes to lead Canadian Alliance," Cambridge Reporter, 20 April 2000, A1.
  18. ^ Jim Algie, "Wilford running for local Tories," Owen Sound Sun Times, 31 October 2000, A1.
  19. ^ Stacey Ash, "Waiting: Does ballot beckon?", Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 30 August 2003, A1.
  20. ^ "Owner of derelict foundry says cleanup order unfair," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 28 December 1993, B1.
  21. ^ John Roe, "Church given bankrupt foundry : Environment ministry demands cleanup of controversial site," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 5 January 1994, B4.
  22. ^ "Independent candidate faces jail," Kitchener Record, 28 May 1997, B2.
  23. ^ "Ex-candidate in jail for PCBs violation," Kitchener Record, 12 June 1997, B2; Bob Burtt, "Church founders say city consultants messed up property," Kitchener Record, 20 April 1998, B2. Some newspaper articles confuse the Guelph and Cambridge cases
  24. ^ Tony Reinhart, "Pot-smoking 'priests' move to empty Cambridge foundry," Kitchener Record, 22 January 1998, B3; "Church members can stay, foundry/home owner says," Kitchener Record, 28 January 1998, B2.
  25. ^ Curtis Gloade, "Tucker-ed out Cambridge taxpayers give Long a golden handshake and Tucker the boot," Kitchener Record, 9 October 1998, A19.
  26. ^ Kevin Crowley, "Long takes shot at Tory leadership," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 20 March 1993, B4; Agnes Bongers, "Winter in the Church of the Universe," Hamilton Spectator, 16 November 1994, B1; Philip Jalsevac, "Eccentric entrepreneur John Long fined for not filing tax returns," Kitchener Record, 3 March 1999, B3.
  27. ^ Eric Volmers, "Colourful character hopes to lead Canadian Alliance," Cambridge Reporter, 20 April 2000, A1.