Cook County Health and Hospital System
Cook County Hospital
Facade of Cook County Hospital
|Location||1835 W. Harrison St., Chicago, Illinois|
|Area||less than one acre|
|Architect||Gerhardt, Paul Sr.; Griffiths, John, & Sons|
|Architectural style||Beaux Arts|
|NRHP reference #||06001017|
|Added to NRHP||November 8, 2006|
|John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County|
Cook County Hospital before 1911
|Location||Illinois Medical District, Chicago, Illinois, United States|
|Care system||Public hospital|
|Hospital type||Teaching Hospital|
|Affiliated university||Rush Medical College|
|Emergency department||Level I trauma center|
|Lists||Hospitals in Illinois|
The Cook County Health and Hospitals System, includes John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital (formerly New Cook County Hospital) and Provident Hospital of Cook County as well as several related centers in Cook County, Illinois. It provides public urban teaching hospitals and health centers in Chicago and the surrounding area. Stroger and Provident and related centers provide public primary, specialty and tertiary healthcare services to residents of Cook County.
Stroger employs 300 attending physicians and over 400 fellows and residents. The 1.2 million square foot, 464 bed hospital, located at 1901 W. Harrison Street, is a part of the 305 acre (1.2 km²) Illinois Medical District on Chicago's West Side, which is one of the largest concentrations of medical facilities in the world.
Cook County Hospital, which opened 1857, was used as a teaching hospital by Rush Medical School until the Civil War, when it was transitioned to an army hospital. After the war, it continued its purpose as a center for medical education and founded the first medical internship in the country in 1866. By the 1900s, the best surgeons and physicians in Chicago volunteered their services at this expanding hospital which was completed in 1916. Regarded as one of the world's greatest teaching hospitals, many interns, residents, and graduate physicians came to see the medical and surgical advances. Innovations included the world's first blood bank and surgical fixation of fractures. The New Cook County Hospital was completed in December 2002, and is housed in a facility located adjacent to the old hospital building. It was renamed for John H. Stroger Jr. in 2010. Provident Hospital, located in Grand Crossing on the South Side, was the first African American owned hospital in the United States when it opened in 1891. Provident closed in 1987 but was reopened by the County in 1993.
County General Hospital, a fictional hospital that served as the setting for the NBC serial medical drama ER, was loosely based on Cook County Hospital. Cook County Hospital is also used in the 1993 movie The Fugitive. The documentary I Call It Murder aired on the BBC television show Man Alive in 1979, which reported on the challenges facing the staff at Cook County Hospital. At that time, the hospital was one of the few free hospitals in the United States. In 1996, Diana, Princess of Wales visited patients and doctors in the AIDS ward and trauma center, while on a tour of Chicago.
- National Park Service (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "About Us". John H. Stroger, Jr., Hospital of Cook County. Cook County Health & Hospitals System. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
- "Cook County Hospital". www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- "I Call it Murder | The Progress". progressivepupil.wordpress.com. Retrieved 2017-09-08.
- Thayer, Kate (June 3, 2016). "20 years ago this weekend, Princess Diana wowed Chicago in Northwestern purple". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2018-01-18.
- Official website
- John H. Stroger Jr. Hospital of Cook County
- Google Map
- Cook County Department of Medicine